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Annual Reports

CPAT Trustees' Annual Report 2004-05








The Trustees present their annual report and accounts for the year ended 31 March 2005 in the format recommended by the Charity Commission (SORP 2000).


The Clwyd-Powys Archaeological Trust is a company limited by guarantee and not having a share capital (Registered No 1212455) and is also a Registered Charity (Registered No 508301). The governing document is the Memorandum and Articles of Association, as revised in September 2001.



Principal activity

The principal activity of the Trust is the education of the public in archaeology which is fulfilled by providing archaeological advice and information to the community.



Trustees and Trusteesí interests



The Trustees of the Clwyd-Powys Archaeological Trust also act as directors of the limited company. As the company has no share capital, the question of shares held by the directors does not apply. The following Trustees were elected at the Annual General Meeting held in September 2004 and held office throughout the 2004/05 financial year:


Mrs Frances M Lynch Llewellyn  (Chairman)

Dr Jeffrey L Davies  (Vice Chairman)

Mr H H Jones

Mr David R Morgan

Mr Chris R Musson

Mr David W L Rowlands



Statement of Directorsí responsibilities


Company law requires the directors to prepare financial statements for each financial year which give a true and fair view of the state of affairs of the company and of the profit or loss of the company for that period. In preparing those financial statements the directors are required to: select suitable accounting policies and then apply them consistently; make judgements and estimates that are reasonable and prudent; prepare financial statements on the going concern basis unless it is inappropriate to presume that the company will continue in business.


The directors are responsible for keeping proper accounting records which disclose with reasonable accuracy at any time the financial position of the company and to enable them to ensure that the financial statements comply with the Companies Act 1985. They are also responsible for safeguarding the assets of the company and hence for taking reasonable steps for the prevention and detection of fraud and other irregularities.





The Trust is one of the four Archaeological Trusts established in Wales in the 1970s. The Trust works closely with other national, regional and local bodies to help record, interpret and protect all aspects of the historic environment. Its primary sphere of activity is in the Clwyd-Powys area of mid and north-east Wales covered by the present-day counties of Powys, Denbighshire, Flintshire, Wrexham and the eastern part of Conwy though it also carries out project work in other adjacent counties in England and Wales from time to time.






Archaeological research and investigation

The Trust continued to undertake a wide variety of projects in the field, usually in response to proposed developments or to enhance the archaeological record. As in previous years these included rescue excavations, building recording, desktop assessments, field evaluations, field surveys and watching briefs. Examples of the types of project which were undertaken during the course of the year are given below. The names of the former counties of Brecknock, Radnor and Montgomery in Powys are used for convenience in the following text.



The following projects, some of which continued from previous financial years, were funded by Cadw during the course of the year as part of the programme of threat-related assessments being undertaken by the four Welsh Archaeological Trusts. Prehistoric Funerary and Ritual Sites  Visits were made to about 470 sites in the western area of the Brecon Beacons and in central Brecknock as part of a pan-Wales initiative being promoted by Cadw. The project is designed to look at a wide range of Neolithic and Bronze Age field monuments including long barrows, round barrows and cairns, standing stones and stone circles, with a view to raising awareness about the significance of these sites, recording details about their present condition and making recommendations for their protection and management. Historic Landscapes  Historic landscape characterization was undertaken in the Vale of Llangollen and Eglwyseg area as defined in Part Two of the Register of Historic Landscapes, as part of a continuing pan-Wales initiative, the aim of the study being to enhance our understanding of how this distinctive landscape came into being and to make information about it more widely available. Bilingual information about the Elan Valley historic landscape studied in the previous year were posted on the Trusts website. Short Dykes in the Welsh Borderland Further work was undertaken on this project, designed to re-examine a series of linear earthworks which together with the larger and better-known dyke systems - Offa's Dyke and Wat's Dyke - form a distinctive element of the archaeology of the Welsh borderlands. The principal objectives during the year were the preparation of a published report on the survey work undertaken in the previous year as well as a programme of environmental sampling in order to try and understand the landscape conditions at the time several of the dykes were constructed. Radiocarbon dating evidence was obtained which shows that the Giantís Grave Dyke in Llandinam was constructed after AD 340-530, the first time that one of these short dykes has been placed within a secure chronological framework. Early Medieval Ecclesiastical and Burial Sites  The aim of the final year of this project was to prepare a summary of the work undertaken as part of this project in previous years for presentation at a conference about the early medieval Celtic churches, the proceedings of which it is anticipated will appear in a monograph to be published by the Society for Medieval Archaeology during next financial year. Roman forts and associated civilian settlements  A start was made on a project which it is hoped that with the help of geophysical surveying techniques provide details of the extent of civilian settlements which are known to be associated with Roman forts in mid Wales. Successful results were obtained from the environs of the forts at Brecon Gaer (Brecknock) and Caerau (Radnorshire) which will enhance our understanding of the nature of Roman occupation of Wales and assist in the management of this aspect of our heritage. A special study was also undertaken about the future management of archaeological sites in and around the Roman fort at Forden Gaer (Montgomeryshire).


A number of other field survey projects, including the following, were undertaken during the course of the year with funding from various bodies. A ninth season of field survey was undertaken with the Vyrnwy Estate (Montgomeryshire) with funding from Severn Trent Water for the purpose of record enhancement and heritage management. Topo-graphical and geophysical survey was undertaken within the Penycloddiau Iron Age Hillfort on behalf of Denbighshire County Council following extensive heather burning in 2003. Field survey was undertaken upon part of the Berwyn Mountains (Denbighshire) as part of the Uplands Initiative funded by the Royal Commission. An archaeological survey of the Brinore Tramroad near Talybont-on-Usk (Brecknock) on behalf of the Brinore Tramroad Conservation Forum. A programme of survey work recording the condition of six hillforts on the Clwydian hills and Llantysilio Mountain (Denbighshire) was undertaken as part of the Heather and Hillforts Condition Survey project, funded by Denbighshire County Council. An extensive archaeological survey within the woodlands cloaking the Wrekin Hillfort (Shropshire) was undertaken on behalf of the Shropshire Hills Area of Outstanding Beauty Partnership. Rapid recording was undertaken on the site of the former brickworks at Garth, near Trevor (Wrexham), on behalf of a private developer.


Building recording projects undertaken during the course of the year included the following: Royal House, Machynlleth (Montgomeryshire), on behalf of the Machynlleth Tabernacl Trust; Parliament House, Machynlleth (Montgomeryshire), on behalf of the Owain Glyndwr Institute; Ystum Colwyn Farm, Meifod (Montgomeryshire), on behalf of a private developer; Roundhouse Farm, Nant-y-glo (Blaenau Gwent) on behalf of Blaenau Gwent County Borough Council; St Asaph Cathedral (Denbighshire) on behalf of the St Asaph Dean and Chapter; Rhyd-y-carw Farm, Trefeglwys (Montgomeryshire)



Education and Outreach

Every opportunity is taken to carry out educational work, even though only a relatively small proportion of the grant aid which the Trust currently receives is given specifically for this purpose. All the Trustís activities, however, contribute directly or indirectly towards a greater understanding of the historic environment of the Clwyd-Powys area. Development work continued on the Trustís website which is proving popular with members of the general public, archaeological practitioners and students. The website includes information about the Trust and its activities and is continuing to be important in publicising the Trustís work and the services it provides to the community.

Education and outreach initiatives undertaken during the year included participation in the Council for British Archaeologyís National Archaeology Day 2005, held in conjunction with the Powysland Museum, Welshpool at which organised events included demonstrations of Saxon and Welsh medieval life by members of the Cwmwd I‚l re-enactment group, demonstrations of the Historic Environment Record maintained by the Trust, and finds identification sessions. Other projects during the course of the year included the completion of the Bangor-on-Dee Community Archaeology Project with funding from Northern Marches Leader+ and the organisation of field visits and a discussion forum about the historic environment for the Farming and Wildlife Advisory Group National Conference. Provision was also made for a number of student placements during the year, working principally on office-based projects.


A total 73 (2003/04: 95) project and topic reports were produced during the course of the year for limited circulation. Short reports on individual projects undertaken by the Trust are generally summarised in Archaeology in Wales, published annually by the Council for British Archaeology. Publications during the course of the year included a substantial report on survey work on the former metal mining landscapes of mid and north-east Wales entitled Mountains and Orefields, published by the Council for British Archaeology, as well as shorter reports on excavations at the Arddleen Iron Age Enclosure, published in the Montgomeryshire Collections, an article on Glasbury Church and Village, published in the Radnorshire Transactions, and a report on survey work at Shrawardine Castle, published in the Shropshire Transactions.


The Trust is actively involved in the work of a number of local and national historical and archaeological societies and groups and staff attended meetings of the following bodies during the course of the year: ALGAO (Countryside Group, HER Committee and National Executive), Age Concern Healthy Living Project, Association of Diocesan and Cathedral Archaeologists, Caradoc Field Club, Cathedral Archaeologists, Brecknock Society, Brecon Beacons National Park Sustainable Development Fund, British Aviation Archaeology Council, Cambrian Archaeological Association, Cathedrals and Churches Commission, Council for British Archaeology Wales/Cymru, DEFRA Agri-environment Group, Early Medieval Stones Committee, Forum on Information Standards in Heritage, Ffrith Community Association, Gloucestershire Offaís Dyke Group, FWAG, Forestry Expansion Review Group, Friends of Powys Archives, Heather and Hillforts Advisory Group, Herefordshire Historical Society, Historic Environment Group, Holt Local History Society, Institute of Field Archaeologists (Wales), Kerry Local History Society, Liverpool Bay Coastal Forum, Llanfihangel Social History Group, Llanymynech Heritage Group, Medieval Settlement Research Group, Offaís Dyke Association, NEWI, Newtown Civic Society, Offaís Dyke Path Liaison Group, Oswestry and District History and Archaeology Group, Post-Medieval Archaeology Society, Powysland Club, Radnorshire Historical Society, River Severn Archaeological Forum, Royal Archaeological Institute, Saint Asaph Archaeological Society, Sennybridge Conservation Forum, Society for Landscape Studies, Society for Church Archaeology, Strategic Framework for Historic Environment Records in Wales, Twentieth-Century Military Structures Working Group, Wales Industrial Archaeology Panel, Vyrnwy Conservation Group, Welshpool Partnership, West Midlandís HER Group, Wrexham Green Networks, Wrexham Leader+ Board.Members of staff have also acted as editors for Montgomeryshire Collections, the local historical and archaeological journal published annually by the Powysland Club, and for Archaeologia Cambrensis, published by the Cambrian Archeological Association, and reviews editors for Archaeology in Wales, Landscape History and Archaeologia Cambrensis.


Archaeological advice and information

With the help of funding from the Royal Commission the Trust continues to maintain a record of sites, finds, historic buildings and areas of archaeological importance known as the Regional Historic Environment Record (HER), covering Powys, eastern Conwy, Denbighshire, Flintshire, and Wrexham. The main objectives of the record are to provide advice about the archaeological implications of planning policies and developments, advice about the management of archaeological sites and landscapes, and to serve as a resource for initiatives concerning the preservation, interpretation and presentation of the archaeology and historic landscapes of Wales. The total number of records in the computerised HER at the end of the financial year stood at 67,444 (2003/04: 54,323), new information being gathered from recent fieldwork and from published and unpublished sources.


The HER has been adopted for planning purposes by all the planning authorities in the Clwyd-Powys area - Brecon Beacons National Park, Conwy County Borough Council, Denbighshire County Council, Flintshire County Council, Powys County Council, and Wrexham County Borough Council. With the help of financial assistance from Cadw the HER responded to 8,584 enquiries during the year. It continues to be principally used on a day-to-day basis for development control and Tir Gofal but has also provided information to private researchers, archaeological contractors and consultants. Work also continued during the year on the development of a Welsh thesaurus of archaeological terms in conjunction with the Royal Commission and other partners.


With the help of funding from Cadw, Conwy Borough Council, Flintshire County Council, and Powys County Council the Trust continued to provide Development Control advice about all aspects of the historic environment throughout the Clwyd-Powys area to national and local planning authorities, public and private sector developers, and other local and national organisations. During the course of the year the Trust received notification of 8,269 (2003/04: 7,981) planning applications in addition to consultations on non-planning proposals such as highway scheme proposals and minerals applications from local authorities, all of which were checked to see whether they had significant archaeological implications. Notable casework during the course of the year involved developments in Brecon, Hay-on-Wye, Four Crosses, Presteigne, Caersws, Meifod, Wrexham, Knighton and Buckley


The Offaís Dyke Initiative  The Offaís Dyke Initiative This initiative, managed by the Trust and jointly funded by Cadw and English Heritage, was first established several years ago in response to growing concerns about the deteriorating condition of this nationally important linear earthwork. Work undertaken during the course of 2004/05 included practical conservation, development control and planning advice, and management advice. Practical management projects included major tree-removal and refencing of protective path surfaces on various lengths of the Dyke. In all, work on 21 sites along 7 kilometres of the dyke in Wales and England was in hand during the year..


Archaeological advice and information continued to be provided to the Countryside Council for Wales (CCW) and to landowners in response to applications to Tir Gofal, the all-Wales agri-environment scheme. The primary purpose of this work is to provide detailed management advice about features of archaeological or historical significance on farms which are entering the scheme. The Trust provided archaeological information in response to 202 (2003/04: 242) farm applications to Tir Gofal during the course of the year as well as producing more detailed surveys and reports on 42 (2003/04: 52) selected farms accepted into the scheme following field visits.


Heritage Management work undertaken by the Trust with funding from Cadw included the provision of strategic planning advice, particularly in relation to Unitary Development Plans. Archaeological advice was given in response to numerous development proposals outside the planning system including the following: Scheduled Ancient Monument Consent applications; Woodland Grant Scheme applications; National Native Woodland Scheme proposals; Private Long-Term Forest Design Plans; Environment Agency capital and management schemes; schemes proposed by various utility companies including Welsh Water, Severn Trent Water and the Wrexham Water Company, MANWEB, SWALEC, MEB, British Gas/Transco; and on faculty applications submitted to Welsh Diocesan Advisory Committees in the Trustís area. Regular liaison meetings were also held with staff of the Forestry Authority, the Environment Agency and the Countryside Council for Wales. The Trust also continued to be involved with the Portable Antiquities Scheme in Wales by the National Museum and Gallery.



The Trust is managed by a board of Trustees elected from the Trust Members at the Annual General Meeting. The Trustees met on four occasions during the course of the financial year, in April, July, and September 2004 and in January 2005. The Advisory Committee, comprising the Trustees, other Members co-opted by the Trustees, and an observer nominated by Cadw met on two occasions during the year, in April and September 2004. Nominations for Membership of the Trust is by invitation from local authorities, museums, local historical and archaeological societies, and other bodies with interests in the historic environment of Wales. Members normally meet once a year at the Annual General Meeting. A list of the Trustees, Committee Members, Members, Staff and Advisors during all or part of the 2004/05 financial year is given below.



The Trust is grateful for the financial support it continues to receive from a number of national bodies, including Cadw as part of the Welsh Assembly Government, the Royal Commission on the Ancient and Historical Monuments of Wales, the Countryside Council for Wales, and English Heritage. Cadw continues to provide a contribution to the Trustís administrative costs, within the terms of the Welsh Assemblyís Governmentís support for Voluntary Sector Organisations. Most of the remainder of the Trustís income comes in the form of grant aid and contract awards from the public and private sectors, and is almost exclusively designated for the provision of archaeological services and for projects within the Trustís annual programme of work.



The Trust continues to look for better premises in the Welshpool area in order to combine its workforce, currently split between two buildings, provide disabled access, and to enable improved facilities to be established for outside bodies and members of the general public. A designated fund for the acquisition and/or conversion of new premises has been established by the Trust over a number of years.


Mrs F M Lynch Llewellyn

Chairman of the Board of Trustees

16 September 2005





Trustees/Company Directors

Mrs F M Lynch Llewellyn, Chairman, Bangor

Dr J L Davies, Vice Chairman, Aberystwyth

Mr H Jones, Holt

Mr C R Musson, Aberystwyth

Mr D W L Rowlands, Llanerfyl

Mr D Morgan, Brecon


Committee Members

Professor S H R Aldhouse-Green, University of Wales College, Newport

Mr K S Brassil, National Museums and Galleries of Wales

Mr P Dorling, Brecon Beacons National Park

Dr E Plunkett Dillon, The National Trust

Mr D M Evans, Society of Antiquaries

Mrs F Gale, Denbighshire County Council

Mr D F Keast, Powys County Council

Ms K Kucharski, Wrexham County Borough Council

Mrs Hilary Malaws, Royal Commission on the Ancient and Historical Monuments of Wales

Dr S Rees, observer for Cadw: Welsh Historic Monuments

Mr C J Spurgeon, Aberystwyth


Members of the Trust

Miss J Ashton, Radnorshire Society

Councillor G R Banks, Powys County Council

Miss E Bredsdorff, Powysland Museum

Mr R Brewer, National Museums and Galleries of Wales

Councillor Mr D M D Clayton, Flintshire County Council

Councillor P C Evans, Conwy County Borough Council

Councillor Mr J H Hughes, Powys County Council

Councillor Mrs I B Lewis, Powys County Council

Mrs N P Parker, Flintshire Historical Society

Mr D Pratt, Denbighshire Historical Society

Councillor D Rogers, Wrexham County Borough Council



Administration Team

Mr W J Britnell, Director/Company Secretary

Mrs J E Britnell, Administrative Officer

Mrs M Godsell, Finance Assistant


Project Team

Mr R J Silvester, Deputy Director/Head of Field Services

Mr N W Jones, Senior Project Archaeologist

Mr R Hankinson, Project Archaeologist

Mr I Grant, Project Archaeologist

Ms W J Owen, Project Archaeologist


Curatorial Team

Mr C H R Martin, Head of Curatorial Services

Mr I Bapty, Offaís Dyke Archaeological Management Officer

Ms C Baxter, Heritage Management Assistant/Tir Gofal

Mr D Bull, Heritage Management Assistant/Tir Gofal

Mrs A McCullough, Heritage Management Assistant/Tir Gofal

Mr R Phipps, Heritage Management Assistant

Mr J Spencer, Regional Sites and Monuments Record Officer

Mr M Walters, Development Control Officer



Tranter Lowe, Oakengates



Whittingham Riddell LLP, Welshpool & Shrewsbury



Turnbull Garrard, Shrewsbury



National Westminster Bank, Broad Street, Welshpool






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