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Annual Reports

CPAT Trustees' annual report 1997/98


The Clwyd-Powys Archaeological Trust is a company limited by guarantee and not having a share capital (Registered No 1212455) and Registered Charity (Registered No 508301). The governing document is the Memorandum and Articles of Association as incorporated on 14 May 1975.

Principal Activity
The principal activity of the Trust is the education of the public in archaeology and the provision of archaeological services to the community.


The Trust is one of the four Archaeological Trusts established in Wales in the 1970s. It is both a limited company and a registered charity.

The Trust works closely with other national, regional and local bodies, to help record, interpret and protect all aspects of the historic environment. Its main field of operations continues to be Powys and the local authority areas formerly in Clwyd the new unitary authorities of Denbighshire, Flintshire, Wrexham and the eastern part of Conwy.


Archaeological Research and Investigation
The Trust continued to undertake a wide variety of projects in the field, usually in response to proposed developments or to enhance the archaeological record. These included rescue excavations, building recording, desktop assessments, field evaluations, field surveys and watching briefs. Examples of the types of project which were undertaken during the course of the year are given below.

Work funded by Cadw: Welsh Historic Monuments included the following projects: Churches Project (production of regional from rapid surveys of archaeology of pre-Victorian churches in Clwyd and Powys for purposes of record enhancement and conservation, funded as part of a pan-Wales initiative); Medieval Rural Settlements (second year of rapid survey of deserted medieval and later rural settlements for purposes of record enhancement and conservation, funded as part of a pan-Wales initiative, in this instance focusing on sites in Denbighshire and Montgomeryshire); Abbeycwmhir (further survey of remains of the Cistercian abbey church following reconsolidation work, together with an assessment of other sites of possible monastic origin in the vicinity); Prehistoric Funerary and Ritual Sites of the upper Severn Valley (rapid survey of numerous earthwork and cropmark sites for the purpose of Scheduled Ancient Monument enhancement); Roman Civil Sites in Southern Powys, (rapid assessment of Roman civilian sites in Brecon and Radnor, including trial excavations at Broad Heath near Presteign, Maesderwen near Brecon and Pen-y-Gaer near Cwmdu, for Scheduled Ancient Monument enhancement); St Cwyfan's Church, Llangwyfan, Denbighshire (excavation and recording during course of renovations and repairs), Assessment of the Schedule of Ancient Monuments in Wales, (assistance with a pan-Wales analysis of scheduled and unscheduled sites in Wales); Ty Mawr, Castle Caereinion, (excavation and recording during course of renovation and repair of fifteenth-century aisled hall).

Projects funded by the Royal Commission included the following: Black Mountains, Brecon (rapid identification surveys of the archaeological resource of upland areas in the Black Mountains of Brecknock, in conjunction with Brecon Beacons National Park); Mynydd y Ffynnon Survey, western Montgomeryshire (rapid survey for record enhancement and conservation purposes, with joint funding from the European Commission, in conjunction with the Dyfed Archaeological Trust); Aerial Photography Mapping Programme, Montgomeryshire (continued rectification and plotting of sites of archaeological interest in Montgomeryshire, recorded on oblique and vertical aerial photographs for record enhancement and conservation purposes, funded by the Royal Commission as part of a pan-Wales initiative.)

Projects funded by other bodies included the following: Llandinam-Llanwrin Pipeline (assessment and evaluation of archaeological sites affected by pipeline construction, funded by Welsh Water); Forest Enterprise Archaeological Survey, Stage 2 (audit of archaeological sites in Forest Enterprise holdings in Clwyd and Powys, for purposes of record enhancement and conservation, funded by Forest Enterprise); Cwm George Woods Gwent (audit of archaeological sites in forestry, for record enhancement and conservation purposes, funded by the Woodland Trust); Vyrnwy Survey (continued rapid identification survey of archaeological sites in vicinity of Lake Vyrnwy for record enhancement and conservation purposes, with funding from Severn-Trent Water); Trannon Moor, Montgomeryshire (survey of archaeological sites in area of Windfarm, funded by developer via Powys County Council). Llanbrynmair Historic Landscape Assessment, Montgomeryshire (a desktop study as part of a pilot project funded by the Countryside Council for Wales, as part of LANDMAP, an integrated landscape assessment and planning tool being developed by CCW).

Education and publication
All the Trust's activities contribute directly or indirectly towards a greater understanding of the historic environment. Only a small proportion of the grant aid which the Trust currently receives is given specifically for educational purposes, but every opportunity is taken to undertake educational work when circumstances allow.

Further developmental work was undertaken during the year on the educational initiative called Powys Past, a pilot scheme being developed by the Trust and Powys County Council noted in last year's annual report, with intended uses for schools and tourist information centres. Work undertaken during 1997/98 included the development of a demonstration version of an interactive virtual-reality model of Caersws Roman fort, undertaken for the Trust by Pavan of Aberystwyth, and further developmental work on a web site for Powys Past, carried out for the Trust by the GeoData Institute, University of Southampton.

As in previous years the Trust was able to provide training and work experience for students undertaking Oxford University's Postgraduate Diploma in Field Archaeology. Two students were accommodated for periods of three months each, undertaking a variety of work including field survey, work with GIS applications and air photographic mapping and rectification.

As part of an initiative funded by the European Commission, the Trust, together with archaeologists from Gemeente Zwolle, Monumentenzorg en Archeologie (Netherlands), the University of Gent (Belgium), undertook a project named PLIME (Prehistoric Links in Modern Europe) designed to look at the effects of land-use on archaeological sites in Europe. Three case-studies were examined _ the effects of agriculture on prehistoric sites in the Walton area of Radnorshire, the effects of afforestation in Zwolle Ittersumerbroek (Netherlands), and the effects of industrial expansion on the archaeological heritage of Flanders. The results of the study will be published during 1998/99 financial year.

Publication work during the year included work on the following, some of which have continued from the previous financial year: Abercynafon, Talybont on Usk (report on site producing Neolithic wooden structures, with funding and help from Cadw, Brecon Beacons National Park, National Museum of Wales); Castell Collen, Llandrindod Wells (continued work on recording and analysis of Roman artefacts found by local detectorist, with the help of funding from the Board of Celtic Studies of the University of Wales and Cadw); Walton, Radnorshire (continued work on the report on extensive survey and assessment of important archaeological sites and finds of prehistoric, Roman and later date in the New Radnor area, with funding from Cadw and the National Museum of Wales); Plas Du, Montgomery (report on recording of medieval town defences undertaken during reconsolidation work to tower and wall); Berwyns, Denbighshire (report on survey work carried out on ancient field systems identified in the Llandrillo area).

Just under 50 project and topic reports were produced during the course of the year for limited circulation. Short reports on individual projects undertaken by the Trust are generally summarised in Archaeology in Wales, published annually by the Council for British Archaeology: Wales. Other publications by Trust staff during the course of the year included the final report on the excavation of a Bronze Age roundhouse at Glanfeinion, near Llandinam (published in the journal Proceedings of the Prehistoric Society), the final report on the excavation of Pen-y-fan and Corn Du, two Bronze Age cairns on the summit of the Brecon Beacons (published by the University of Wales Press, in Studia Celtica), the report on excavations at Plas Machynlleth and the report on recording work carried out on Luggy Motte, Berriew and at the medieval Llanwddyn hospitium (published in Montgomeryshire Collections, the journal of the Powysland Club). A summary of work on one of the two important Neolithic enclosures appeared in a book entitled Prehistoric Ritual and Religion, published by Sutton Publishing and jointly edited by Dr Alex Gibson of the Trust staff. Two articles by Bob Silvester, Deputy Director, appeared in a book entitled Landscape and Settlement in Medieval Wales, published by Oxbow Books.

Archaeological Services
With the help of funding from the Royal Commission the Trust maintains an archive and computerized record of sites, finds, historic buildings and areas of archaeological importance known as the Regional Sites and Monuments Record, covering Powys, part of Conwy, Denbighshire, Flintshire, Powys, and Wrexham The main purposes of the record are to provide advice about the archaeological implications of planning policies and developments, advice about the management of archaeological sites and landscapes, and to serve as a resource for initiatives concerning the preservation, interpretation and presentation of the archaeology and historic landscapes of Wales. The total number of entries in the computerised record now stands at 33,730 of which about 1,641 new records were added and 4,267 existing records were edited during the course of the year, new information being gathered from recent fieldwork and from published sources. The record has now been formally adopted for planning purposes by both Wrexham County Borough Council and Denbighshire County Council, following adoption by Powys County Council in a previous year. It is anticipated that similar arrangements will also be made with Conwy Borough Council and Flintshire County Council in due course.

With the help of funding from Cadw: Welsh Historic Monuments the Trust continued to provide management, development control and strategic planning advice about all aspects of the historic environment in central and north-east Wales to national and local planning authorities, public and private sector developers, and other local and national organisations. Continuous liaison was maintained with staff of Powys, Conwy, Brecon Beacons National Park, Denbighshire, Flintshire and Wrexham planning departments during the year.

The Trust received notifications of 6,500 planning applications, highway scheme proposals and minerals applications from local authorities during the course of the year, all of which were checked to see whether they had significant archaeological implications. As a consequence about 390 recommendations for further action were made within the framework of Planning Policy Guidance (Wales) and Welsh Office circulars 60/96 and 61/96, including ones for archaeological assessments or evaluations or recording work in advance of development. The Trust was also involved with over 250 consultations of various kinds outside the planning process including the following: Scheduled Ancient Monument Consent applications; Environmentally Sensitive Area management schemes; Woodland Grant Scheme applications; Forest Design Plans; Environment Agency capital and management schemes; schemes proposed by various utility companies including Welsh Water, Severn Trent Water and the Wrexham Water Company, MANWEB, SWALEC, MEB, British Gas/Transco. Regular liaison meetings were also held with staff of the Forestry Authority, the Environment Agency and the Countryside Council for Wales.

In terms of strategic planning advice the Trust has continued to be consulted by local authorities on the subject of Unitary Development Plans. Submissions were prepared for Denbighshire Countryside Strategy, the Conwy Countryside Strategy and for the Wrexham Tourism Strategy.

Written submissions were made to various documents including consultations on the draft of the Welsh Office's All Wales Agri-Environmental Scheme (AWAES) proposals, revisions to Department of Energy Transport and the Region's Hedgerow Regulations; draft of Liverpool Bay Shoreline Management Plan, and the Department of Culture, Media and Sport's Review of Ecclesiastical Exemption.


The Trust is managed by a board of Trustees elected from the Trust Members at the Annual General Meeting. The Trustees met on four occasions during the course of the financial year, in April, June, September 1997 and January 1998. The Trust Committee, comprising the Trustees, other Members co-opted by the Trustees, and an observer nominated by Cadw: Welsh Historic Monuments. The Committee met on two occasions during the year, in April and September 1997. Nominations for membership is by invitation from local authorities, museums, local historical and archaeological societies, and other bodies with interests in the historic environment of Wales. Members normally meet once a year at the Annual General Meeting. A list of the Trustees, Committee Members, Members, Staff and Advisors during 1997/98 is given at the end of this page.


The Trust continues to be heavily dependent upon the funding it receives from Cadw: Welsh Historic Monuments, an Executive Agency of the Welsh Office, and the Royal Commission on Ancient and Historical Monuments of Wales. Cadw provides a contribution to the Trust's administrative costs, within the terms of the Welsh Office's support for Voluntary Sector Organisations. Most of the remainder of the Trust's income comes in the form of grant aid and contract awards from the public and private sectors, and is almost exclusively designated for the provision of archaeological services and for specific field or office-based projects within the Trust's annual programme of work.


Trustees/Company Directors
Mrs F M Lynch Llewellyn, Chairman, University of Wales, Bangor
Dr J L Davies, Vice Chairman, University of Wales, Aberystwyth
Dr C J Arnold, University of Wales, Aberystwyth
Mr D F Petch, University of Liverpool
Mr D W L Rowlands, Llanerfyl

Advisory Committee
Dr S H R Aldhouse-Green, University of Wales College, Newport
Mr J Barfoot, Machynlleth
Mr K S Brassil, National Museums and Galleries of Wales
Mr P Dorling, Brecon Beacons National Park
Mr D M Evans, Society of Antiquaries of London
Mrs F Gale, Denbighshire County Council
Mr S Grenter, Wrexham County Borough Council
Mr D F Keast, Powys County Council
Ms D Morgan, Flintshire County Council
Dr S Rees, observer for Cadw: Welsh Historic Monuments
Mr C J Spurgeon, Aberystwyth

Miss J Ashton, Radnorshire Society
Councillor G R Banks, Powys County Council
Miss E Bredsdorff, Powysland Museum
Mr R Brewer, National Museum of Wales
Councillor Mrs S D Francis, Powys County Council
Councillor Mrs B Greenaway, Wrexham County Borough Council
Ms J Henderson, Council for Museums in Wales
Councillor Mr J H Hughes, Powys County Council
Mr C R Musson, RCAHMW
Mrs N P Parker, Flintshire Historical Society
Mrs M T Read, Denbighshire Historical Society
Councillor Mrs L Thorpe, Conwy County Borough Council

Administration Team
Mr W J Britnell, Director/Company Secretary
Mrs J E Britnell, Administrative Officer
Mrs M Godsell, Finance Assistant

Curatorial Team
Mr C H R Martin, Principal Curatorial Officer
Dr C Earwood, Sites and Monuments Records Officer
Mr M Walters, Development Control Officer
Ms W J Owen, Senior Project Assistant/DC Assistant

Project Team
Mr R J Silvester, Deputy Director
Dr A M Gibson, Projects Manager
Mr N W Jones, Projects Officer
Mr D Thomas, Project Officer
Mr W G Owen, Senior Project Assistant
Ms P Frost, Project Assistant
Mr R Hankinson, Project Assistant

Tranter Lowe, Oakengates

Whittingham Riddell, Welshpool

Garrard Mitchell, Shrewsbury

National Westminster Bank, Welshpool

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