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Historic Landscape Characterisation

Clywedog Valley
Published sources

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Andrews, L. S., 1940. Changes in land utilisation in the Upper Severn valley, Montgomeryshire, 1750-1936, unpublished MSc thesis, University of Wales.

Anthony, C. R., 1995 , ‘Penson’s Progress: the work of a nineteenth-century county surveyor’, Montgomeryshire Collections 83, 115-75.

Apsimon, A. M., 1973. ‘The excavation of a bronze age barrow and a menhir at Ystrad-Hynod, Llanidloes 1965-6’, Archaeologia Cambrensis 122 , 35-54.

Ashton, O. R., 1971. ‘Chartism in Mid Wales’, Montgomeryshire Collections 62, 10-57.

Barton, P. G., 1999. ‘A history and conspectus of Montgomeryshire water corn mills’, Montgomeryshire Collections 87, 00-00.

Barton, P. G., 2003. ‘The timber and sawmilling trade in Montgomeryshire’, Montgomeryshire Collections 91, 29-52.

Baugham P. E., 1980. A Regional History of the Railways of Great Britain. Vol 11. North and Mid-Wales.

Beresford, M., 1988. New Towns of the Middle Ages.

Bick, D. E., 1975. The Old Metal Mines of Mid Wales 2.

Bick, D. E., 1977. The Old Metal Mines of Mid Wales 4.

Bick, D. E., 1985. Dylife: a Famous Lead Mine, Newent.

Bick, D. E., 1990. The Old Mines of Mid-Wales.

Bridgeman, G. T. O., 1868. ‘The princes of upper Powys’, Montgomeryshire Collections 1, 105-6.

Bridgeman, G. T. O., 1868. ‘The Welsh lords of Kerry and Arwystli’, Montgomeryshire Collections 1, 233-52.

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Britnell, W., 1999. ‘Iron Age’, in D. Jenkins (ed.), The Historical Atlas of Montgomeryshire, 26-9.

Britnell, W., 1999. ‘Roman period’, in D. Jenkins (ed.), The Historical Atlas of Montgomeryshire, 30-3.

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Britnell, W., 2002. Mynydd Hiraethog: Historic Landscape Characterisation, CPAT Report 455.

Britnell, W., 2003. Maelor Saesneg: Historic Landscape Characterisation, CPAT Report 525.

Britnell, W., 2003. Ty Draw, Llanarmon Mynydd Mawr, Powys: Interim Report on Survey and Excavation in 2002/03, CPAT Report 541.

Britnell, W., 2004. Elan Valley Historic Landscape. Historic Landscape Characterisation, CPAT Report 613.

Britnell, W., 2005. Vale of Llangollen and Eglwyseg Historic Landscape Characterisation, CPAT Report 683.

Britnell, W., 2006. Middle Usk Valley: Brecon and Llan-gors: Historic Landscape Characterisation, CPAT Report 764.

Britnell, W. J. and Martin, C. H. R., 1999. Dyffryn Clwyd Historic Landscape: Historic Landscape Characterisation, CPAT Report 320.

Britnell, W. J. and Martin, C. H. R., 1999. Dyffryn Tanat Historic Landscape: Historic Landscape Characterisation, CPAT Report 319.

Britnell, W. J. and Martin, C. H. R., 2000. Bro Trefaldwyn Historic Landscape. Historic Landscape Characterisation, CPAT Report 356.

Britnell, W. J., Martin, C. H. R. and Hankinson, R., 2000. Holywell Common and Halkyn Mountain Historic Landscape. Historic Landscape Characterisation, CPAT Report 357.

Brown, M., 2005. Dylife. The industrial and social history of a famous Welsh lead mine.

Burnham, H., 1995. A Guide to Ancient and Historic Wales: Clwyd and Powys.

Burt, R., Waite, P. and Burnley, R., 1990. The Mines of Shropshire and Montgomeryshire (Mineral Statistics).

Cadw, 1999. Powys. Register of Landscapes, Parks and Gardens of Special Historic Interest in Wales. Part 1: Parks & Gardens.

Cadw, 2001. Register of Landscapes, Parks and Gardens of Special Historic Interest in Wales. Part 2.2: Landscapes of Special Historic Interest.

Carr, A. D., 1992. ‘A debatable land: Arwystli in the Middle Ages’, Montgomeryshire Collections 80, 39-54.

Carter, H., 1965. The Towns of Wales: A Study in Urban Geography.

Collens, J., 1988. Iron Age and Romano-British Settlement in the Upper Severn Valley, unpublished PhD thesis, University of Birmingham.

Cozens, Lewis, 1953. The Van and Kerry Railways, with the Kerry Tramway.

Cozens, L., Kidner, R. W. and Poole, B., 2004. Mawddwy, Van & Kerry Branches.

Davies, D., 1969-70. ‘An essay on Llanidloes, 1861’, Montgomeryshire Collections 61, 97-114.

Davies, E., 1975. A Gazetteer of Welsh Place-Names.

Davies, J. A., 1973. Education in a Welsh Rural County 1870-1873

Davies, J. Conway, 1943-44. ‘Montgomeryshire manorial records in the National Library of Wales from 1536 onwards’, Montgomeryshire Collections 48, 53-85.

Davies, J. Conway, 1945-46. ‘Lordships and manors in the county of Montgomery’, Montgomeryshire Collections 49, 74-150.

Davies, J. I., 1985. ‘The history of printing in Montgomeryshire 1789-1960: the printers of Llanidloes – 1827-1960’, Montgomeryshire Collections 73, 38-53.

Davies, J. L. and Jones, R. H., 2006. Roman camps in Wales and the Marches.

Davies, R., 2005. Hope and Heartbreak. A Social History of Wales and the Welsh, 1776-1871.

Davies, W., 1810. A General View of the Agriculture and Domestic Economy of North Wales, London.

Edlin, H. L., 1952. ‘Britain’s new forest villages’, Unasylva 6, No. 4

Ellis, D. M., 1935. Astudiaethau o Enwau Lleoedd Sir Drefaldwyn, unpublished MA thesis, University of Wales.

Environment Agency, 2000. Severn Uplands Local Environment Agency Action Plan (LEAP), Environment Agency Wales.

Evans, E., 1949-50. ‘Arwystli and Cyfeiliog in the sixteenth century. An Elizabethan inquisition’, Montgomeryshire Collections 51, 23-37.

Evans, G. G., 1986. ‘Stream names of the Severn basin in Montgomeryshire’, Montgomeryshire Collections 74, 49-69.

Evans, J., 1800. A Tour through Part of North Wales, in the Year 1798, and at Other Times.

Evans, J., 1812. The Beauties of England and Wales.

Forde-Johnston, J., 1976. Hillforts of the Iron Age in England and Wales.

Foster, C. Le Neve, 1880. ‘Notes on the Van Mine’, Royal Geological Society of Cornwall Transactions, 10, 33-46.

Foster-Smith, J. R., 1978. The Mines of Montgomery and Radnorshire, British Mining 10, Northern Mines Research Society.

Gasquoine, C. P., 1922, A Biography of a Railway.

George, T. Neville, 1970. British Regional Geology: South Wales.

Gibson, A. M., 1998, Prehistoric Funerary & Ritual Sites: Upper Severn Valley, CPAT report 277.

Gilman, K., 2002. Modelling the effect of land use change in the upper Severn catchment on flood levels downstream, English Nature Research Reports 471.

Godwin, F. and Toulson, S., 1977. The Drovers’ Roads of Wales. Grimes, W. F., 1951. Prehistory of Wales.

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Grimes, W. F., 1951. Prehistory of Wales.

Hamer, E., 1868-69. ‘Ancient Arwystli, its earthworks and other ancient remains’, Montgomeryshire Collections 1 (1868), 207-32; 2 (1869), 51-65.

Hamer, E., 1872-76. ‘Parochial Account of Llanidloes’, Montgomeryshire Collections 4 (1871), 413-32; 5 (1872), 189-248; 6 (1873), 155-96; 7 (1874), 37-60; 9 (1876), 247-86; 10 (1877), 231-312; 11 (1878), 45-60.

Hamer, E., 1879. ‘A parochial account of Trefeglwys’, Montgomeryshire Collections 12, 1-28.

Haslam, R., 1979. Buildings of Wales: Powys.

Hemp, W. J., 1929 , ‘A Neolithic camp in Wales’, Archaeologia Cambrensis 84 , 145.

Hogg, A. H. A., 1979. British Hill-Forts. An Index, British Archaeological Reports, British Series 62.

Horsfall-Turner, E. R., 1908. A Municipal History of Llanidloes.

Howell, A., 1875-83. ‘Roads, bridges, canals, and railways in Montgomeryshire’, Montgomeryshire Collections 8 (1875), 313-34; 9 (1876), 177-92; 16 (1883), 1-22.

Hughes, S., 1981. The Archaeology of the Montgomeryshire Canal.

Hughes, S. J. S., 1991. ‘The Van Mine, Llanidloes, Powis, Wales’, UK Journal of Mines and Minerals 9, 16-23.

Jarrett, M. G., (ed.), 1969. The Roman Frontier in Wales.

Jenkins, D., 1990. ‘The deomography of late Stuart Montgomeryshire, c.1660-1720’, Montgomeryshire Collections 78, 73-1113.

Jenkins, J. G., 1963-64. ‘The woollen industry in Montgomeryshire’, Montgomeryshire Collections 58, 50-69.

Jenkins, J. G., 1969. The Welsh Woollen Industry.

Jervoise, E., 1936. The Ancient Bridges of Wales and Western England.

Jones, A., 1984. Welsh Chapels.

Jones, Cyril, 1994. Calon blwm: portread o ardal Dylife ym Maldwyn. Llandysul: Gomer.

[Jones, E. K.] 1904. ‘Staylittle Tumulus’, Montgomeryshire Collections 33, 158.

Jones, F., 1954. The Holy Wells of Wales.

Jones, G. D. B., 1961. ‘Montgomeryshire. Caersws: the Roman road system’, Bulletin of the Board of Celtic Studies 19, 177–92.

Jones, G. R. J., 1964. ‘The distribution of bond settlements in north-west Wales’, Welsh History Review 2 (1964), 1-36.

Jones, H. Longueville, 1870. ‘On the antiquities of Montgomeryshire’, Montgomeryshire Collections 3 (1870), 203-10.

Jones, I. E., 1983. ‘The Arwystli enclosures 1816-1828’, Montgomeryshire Collections 71, 61-69.

Jones, I. E., 1985. ‘The enclosure of the Llanidloes and Caersws Commons’, Montgomeryshire Collections 73 (1985), 54-68.

Jones, I. G., 1980. ‘Patterns of religious worship in Montgomeryshire in the mid-nineteenth century’, Montgomeryshire Collections 68, 93-118.

Jones, J. A. and Moreton, N. J. M., 1977. Mines and Minerals of Mid-Wales.

Jones, N., Walters, M, and Frost, P., 2004. Mountains and Orefields: metal mining landscapes of mid and north-east Wales, Council for British Archaeology Research Report 142.

Jones, M. C., 1870. ‘The devolution of the manors of Montgomeryshire’, Montgomeryshire Collections 3 (1870), 29-50.

Jones, M. C., 1879. ‘Enclosure of common lands in Montgomeryshire’, Montgomeryshire Collections 12, 267-96.

Jones, O. T., 1922. ‘Lead and Zinc. The Mining District of North Cardiganshire and West Montgomeryshire’, Memoirs of the Geological Survey 20.

Krause, J., 1983. ‘Field excursion to the Clywedog reservoir and dam, and the Dylife lead mining area’, Proceedings of the Shropshire Geological Society 3, 12-14.

Lewis, E. A., 1942. ‘Leet proceedings of the manor of Arwystli Uwchcoed at the National Library of Wales: 1784 to 1800’, Montgomeryshire Collections 47, 183-207.

Lewis, E. A., 1943-44. ‘Leet proceedings of the manor of Arwystli Uwchcoed at the National Library of Wales: 1802 to 1819’, Montgomeryshire Collections 48, 11-29.

Lewis, S., 1833. Topographical Dictionary of Wales.

Miles D. and Suggett, R., 2003. ‘List 144. Welsh Dendrochronological Project – Phase Seven’, Vernacular Architecture 34, 120–1.

Moore, P. D. and Chater, E. H., 1969. ‘Studies in the vegetational history of mid-Wales: 1, the post-glacial period in Cardiganshire’, New Phytologist 68, 183-96.

Moore-Colyer, R., 1993. Welsh Cattle Drovers.

Morgan, R., 1982. ‘The territorial divisions of medieval Montgomeryshire’, Montgomeryshire Collections 70, 11-39.

Morgan, R., 1983. ‘A Powys lay subsidy roll, 1293’, Montgomeryshire Collections 71, 106-7.

Morgan, R., 2001. A Study of Montgomeryshire Place-Names.

Morgan, R, Chapman, M. Ll. and Morris, E. R., 1991. ‘A history of Llanidloes’s Borough Charters’, Montgomeryshire Collections 79 (1991).

Morris, E. R., 1959-60. ‘Quakerism in west Montgomeryshire’, Montgomeryshire Collections 56, 45-65.

Morris, E. R., 1961-62. ‘Quakerism in west Montgomeryshire’, Montgomeryshire Collections 57, 17-22.

Morris, E. R., 1963-64. ‘Who were the Montgomeryshire Chartists?’, Montgomeryshire Collections 58, 00-00.

Morris, E. R., 1967-68. ‘Edward Hamer, Llanidloes, 1840-1911’, Montgomeryshire Collections 60, 47-50.

Morris, E. R., 1982. ‘Monasteries, religious houses and their properties’, Montgomeryshire Collections 70, 134-6.

Morris, E. R., 1993. Llanidloes Town and Parish.

O’Neil, B. H. St. J., 1934. ‘The castle and borough of Llanidloes’, Montgomeryshire Collections 43, 47-65.

Owen, B., 2003. Transportation by Montgomeryshire Courts 1788-1868.

Parliamentary Gazetteer, 1843. The Parliamentary Gazetteer of England and Wales, adapted to the new Poor-law, franchise, municipal and ecclesiastical arrangements, and compiled with a special reference to the lines of railroad and canal communication, as existing in 1840-43. Illustrated by a series of maps forming a complete county-atlas of England, and by four large maps of Wales. With an appendix containing the results, in detail, of the census of 1841.

Peate, I. C., 1940. The Welsh House.

Purseglove, J., 1989. Taming the Flood: A History and Natural History of Rivers and Wetlands, Oxford.

Putnam, W. G., 1961-62. ‘Excavations at Pen-y-crocbren’, Montgomeryshire Collections 57, 33-41.

RCAHM, 1911. Inventory of the Ancient Monuments in Wales and Monmouth I - County of Montgomery, 171-2.

Rees, Sian E., Jones, Nigel W. and Silvester, Robert J., 2007. ‘Conservation and investigation at Cwmhir Abbey, Powys’, Archaeologia Cambrensis 154, 00-00.

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Smith, R. T. and Taylor J. A., 1969. ‘The post-glacial development of vegetation and soils in Northern Cardiganshire’, Transactions of the Institute of British Geographers, No. 48 (Dec., 1969), 75-96

Silvester, R. J., 1992. Montgomeryshire Historic Settlements, CPAT report 40 October 1992.

Soil Survey of England and Wales. Soils of England and Wales. Sheet 2 Wales, Scale 1:250,000.

Soulsby, I., 1983. The Towns of Medieval Wales.

Sothern, E. and Drewett, D. R., 1991. Montgomery Inventory of Ancient Woodland (Provisional), Nature Conservancy Council.

Spurgeon, C. J., 1966. ‘The castles of Montgomeryshire’, Montgomeryshire Collections 59, 1-60.

Spurgeon, C. J., 1972. ‘Enclosures of Iron Age Type in the upper Severn Basin’, in C. Burgess and F. Lynch (eds), Prehistoric Man In Wales and the West, 00-00.

Stephenson, D., 2005. ‘The most powerful persons in the land: patterns of power in Arwystli in the twelfth and thirteenth centuries’, Montgomeryshire Collections 93 (2005), 17-36.

Stephenson, D., 2006. ‘The Arwysli case’, Montgomeryshire Collections 94, 1-13.

Taylor J. A., 1973. ‘Chronometers and chronicles: a study of the palaeoenvironments of west central Wales’, Progress in Geography 5, 248–334.

Taylor, M. P. and Lewin, J., 1996. ‘River behaviour and Holocene alluviation: the river Severn at Welshpool, mid Wales, UK’, Earth Surface Processes and Landforms 2, 77-91.

Taylor, W., 1989. ‘Staylittle School: the early years of a rural school in Wales, 1870-1879’, Montgomeryshire Collections 77 (1989), 107-36.

Thomas, D., 1998. Hafren Forest Archaeological Assessment, CPAT report 281 June 1998.

Thomas, G. C., 1997. The Charters of the Abbey of Ystrad Marchell.

Thomas, J. G., 1955-56. ‘The distribution of the commons in part of Arwystli at the time of the enclosures’, Montgomeryshire Collections 54, 27-33.

Timberlake, S., 1996. ‘Dylife Lead Mine’, Archaeology in Wales 36 , 79 .

Vaughan Owen, C. E., 1957-58. ‘An Arwystli Note-Book: No. 5’, Montgomeryshire Collections 55, 193-200.

Vaughan Owen, C. E., 1969-70. ‘Llanidloes Market Hall’, Montgomeryshire Collections 61, 58-64.

Walters, M., 1993. Powys Metal Mines Survey 1993: consultation draft, CPAT report 89 January 1994 .

Williams, C J., 2002. ‘Cobden and Bright and the Dylife lead mines’, Welsh History Review, 21 118-148.

Williams, C. J. and Bick, D., 1992. ‘List of metalliferous mine sites of industrial archaeological importance’, in C. S. Briggs, Welsh Industrial Heritage: A Review.

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For further information please contact the Clwyd-Powys Archaeological Trust at this address, or link to the Countryside Council for Wales' web site at

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