Cymraeg / English
Historic Landscape Characterisation
Holywell Common and Halkyn Mountain
Defensive and military landscapes
The major defensive earthwork in the historic landscape area is the substantial late prehistoric hillfort at Moel y Gaer, Rhosesmor, extensively excavated in the 1970s, prior to the construction of a reservoir. The hillfort was occupied, perhaps discontinuously, between about the late 7th century BC until some time prior to the Roman conquest. In an earlier phase a settlement of substantial timber roundhouses was defended by a timber palisade. The defences were subsequently replaced by a ditch and rampart of stone and earth, in this instance protecting a settlement of stake-walled roundhouses with numerous rectangular structures with four large posts, possibly representing raised buildings for storing grain. Few other defensive or military works are known in the area.
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