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A Research Framework for the Archaeology of Wales

East and North East Wales Archaeological Resource Audit

 

Post Medieval & Modern

 

Post Medieval

 

END records listed by Broad Class and Site Type

(bracketed numbers show how many of these 'sites' have an equivilent in the SMR)

 

Agriculture and Subsistence

           3   Animal shed                                         (3)

       884   Barn                                                     (156)

           1   Bone mill                                               (0)

         20   Byre                                                     (0)

           1   Cairnfield                                              (1)

           1   Calf pen                                               (0)

         62   Cart shed                                             (11)

         11   Cattle shelter                                        (0)

           3   Cider house                                         (0)

           1   Cider press                                          (0)

           5   Clearance cairn                                   (2)

           1   Corn drying kiln                                    (0)

           1   Corn house                                          (0)

         74   Corn mill                                               (0)

           8   Corn-drying kiln                                    (0)

       196   Cow house                                          (8)

         12   Dairy                                                    (3)

         11   Dovecot                                               (0)

         16   Dovecote                                             (15)

         32   Farm                                                     (32)

         32   Farm building                                        (28)

         42   Farm range                                          (6)

       470   Farmstead                                            (28)

           4   Field boundary                                     (0)

           8   Field system                                         (4)

           1   Fish pond                                             (1)

           3   Fishpond                                              (0)

           8   Fold                                                      (1)

           1   Food store                                           (1)

           1   Goose shelter                                      (0)

           1   Gorse mill                                             (0)

         13   Granary                                               (1)

           8   Hafod                                                   (8)

           3   Hay barn                                              (0)

           1   Hay store                                             (0)

           1   Hen roost                                             (0)

           9   House                                                  (0)

           1   Kennel                                                  (0)

           3   Kennels                                                (0)

       112   Lime kiln                                               (94)

         12   Lime working complex                         (0)

           1   Loose box                                            (0)

           6   Malt house                                           (3)

           1   Manure yard                                        (0)

         68   Mill                                                        (58)

       136   Mill (corn)                                             (136)

           2   Mill (corn/flannel)                                 (2)

           1   Mill (corn/fulling)                                   (1)

           2   Mill pond                                               (0)

           1   Mill range                                              (0)

           1   Nursery                                                (0)

           1   Park                                                      (1)

           3   Peat cutting area                                  (0)

           1   Peat mound                                          (1)

         12   Peat stand                                            (1)

           3   Piggery                                                 (2)

         26   Pigsty                                                   (3)

         50   Pillow mound                                        (34)

           1   Platform                                                (0)

           2   Platform house                                     (0)

           2   Pond                                                     (0)

           4   Potato clamp                                        (0)

           1   Poultry farm                                         (0)

           3   Poultry house                                       (1)

           1   Poultry shed                                         (0)

           6   Pound                                                   (5)

         11   Quarry                                                 (10)

           1   Quillet                                                   (1)

         28   Rabbit warren                                      (8)

           1   Ridge and furrow                                (0)

           1   Root shed                                            (1)

           4   Root store                                            (1)

           1   Rubbing stone                                      (0)

           1   Saw mill                                               (0)

           9   Sawmill                                                (0)

           1   Sheep dip                                             (0)

         37   Sheep fold                                           (21)

           2   Sheep shelter                                      (2)

           7   Shelter shed                                        (0)

           1   Slurry tank                                           (1)

           2   Small holding                                        (0)

         17   Smithy                                                  (0)

         35   Stable                                                   (35)

           2   Tithe barn                                             (1)

           5   Water wheel                                        (0)

           2   Windmill                                                (2)

   2580  records

 

Civil

           1   AA box                                                (0)

           7   Church hall                                           (0)

           1   Civic centre                                          (1)

           1   Clock                                                    (0)

           5   Council office                                       (0)

           1   County hall                                           (0)

           2   Court house                                         (2)

           2   Courthouse                                          (0)

           1   Drinking trough                                     (0)

           4   Fire station                                           (2)

           2   Gallows                                               (1)

           2   Gaol                                                     (1)

           2   Gaol wall                                              (0)

           1   Gibbet                                                  (0)

           2   Law court                                            (2)

           1   Lock-up                                                (0)

           1   Manor                                                   (1)

           1   Maypole                                               (0)

           1   Meeting place                                       (0)

           1   Meeting room                                       (0)

           1   Memorial fountain                                 (0)

           1   Memorial trough                                   (0)

           2   Miners institute                                     (2)

           3   Municipal building                                 (0)

           1   Municipal offices                                  (0)

           1   Pavilion                                                 (0)

           7   Police station                                        (5)

           7   Prison                                                   (7)

           5   Public building                                      (0)

           3   Public hall                                             (2)

           1   RAC box                                              (0)

           1   Rain gauge                                           (0)

           1   Registry                                               (0)

           6   Settlement                                            (6)

           1   Shire hall                                              (0)

           1   Stocks                                                  (1)

           1   Street                                                   (0)

         20   Town                                                   (1)

         20   Town hall                                             (11)

           1   Triangultion post                                  (0)

           1   Village hall                                            (0)

     124  records

 

Commemorative

           2   Commemorative monument                  (2)

           1   Memorial                                               (0)

           3   Monument                                            (2)

           4   War memorial                                       (3)

       10  records

 

Commercial

           2   Bakehouse                                           (0)

         24   Bank (financial)                                    (9)

           2   Brewery                                              (0)

           1   Butter market                                       (0)

           1   Cattle market                                        (0)

         38   Hotel                                                     (17)

           1   House                                                  (0)

         12   Inn                                                        (3)

           2   Laundry                                               (2)

           3   Market                                                  (3)

           1   Market cross                                        (0)

         12   Market hall                                            (8)

           4   Office                                                   (1)

           8   Post office                                           (4)

         95   Public house                                        (58)

         16   Shop                                                    (6)

         14   Warehouse                                          (8)

     236  records

 

Communications

           1   Post box                                               (1)

           5   Signal station                                       (0)

           3   Telegraph station                                 (2)

         12   Telephone kiosk                                   (7)

       21  records

 

Defence

           1   Ava workshop                                     (0)

         13   Barracks                                              (6)

           1   Cookhouse                                           (0)

           1   Drill hall                                                 (0)

           1   Duty officers quarters                         (1)

           2   Firing range                                          (0)

           1   Garrison                                               (1)

           2   Gatehouse                                           (2)

           2   Gun emplacement                                (0)

           1   Hillfort                                                   (1)

         16   Infantry trenches                                 (0)

           1   Quarry                                                 (0)

           1   Tower                                                  (1)

       43  records

 

Domestic

         13   Almshouse                                           (9)

           1   Brewhouse                                          (1)

           2   Cave occupation                                  (2)

         14   Coach house                                       (0)

       302   Cottage                                                (0)

           7   Cottages                                              (0)

       108   Country house                                     (0)

           1   Courtyard                                             (0)

           2   Deserted settlement                             (2)

           2   Drs                                                       (1)

           2   Enclosed settlement                             (2)

       661   Farmhouse                                           (6)

           3   Game larder                                         (3)

           1   Gasometer                                           (0)

           3   Hall                                                       (0)

           1   Homestead                                           (1)

     4943   House                                                  (2874)

           6   House platform                                    (6)

           1   Hunting lodge                                       (1)

         10   Hut                                                       (0)

           4   Kitchen                                                 (1)

           3   Laundry                                               (0)

         51   Lodge                                                   (34)

           1   Long house                                          (1)

         13   Long hut                                               (3)

         10   Longhouse                                           (2)

         14   Major dwelling                                      (1)

           2   Manor house                                        (2)

           5   Mansion                                               (0)

           1   Nunnery                                               (0)

         40   Outbuilding                                           (40)

           1   Parsonage                                           (0)

           2   Platform                                                (0)

           6   Platform house                                     (5)

           5   Platform settlement                              (5)

           2   Privy                                                     (0)

           1   Railway station                                    (0)

         45   Rectory                                                (27)

           3   School house                                       (0)

           7   Settlement                                            (0)

           1   Sewage tank                                       (0)

           4   Sunken shelter                                     (0)

         12   Terraced housing                                (0)

         35   Vicarage                                              (2)

           3   Villa                                                      (1)

           1   Village                                                  (0)

           5   Workers cottage                                  (0)

   6360  records

 

Education

           3   College                                                 (1)

           6   Public library                                        (3)

           1   Reading room                                       (1)

         75   School                                                  (26)

           1   School building                                     (1)

           1   School house                                       (1)

       87  records

 

Gardens, Parks and Urban Spaces

           1   Arbour                                                 (1)

           1   Bee garden                                          (1)

           2   Cable house                                         (1)

           2   Conservatory                                       (0)

         10   Estate                                                   (10)

           5   Estate office                                        (2)

         19   Folly                                                     (2)

           1   Fountain                                               (1)

       764   Garden                                                 (126)

           1   Garden feature                                    (1)

           1   Garden suburb                                    (0)

           1   Garden temple                                     (1)

           6   Garden wall                                         (2)

           1   Gate lodge                                           (1)

           2   Gatehouse                                           (2)

         24   Gateway                                              (24)

           6   Gazebo                                                (6)

           1   Greenhouse                                         (0)

           1   Grotto                                                   (1)

           1   Ha ha                                                   (1)

           1   Hotel                                                     (0)

           2   Hydro electric station                           (2)

           1   Ice house                                             (0)

         10   Icehouse                                              (10)

           2   Orangery                                             (1)

           1   Park                                                      (0)

           2   Park wall                                              (0)

           3   Pavilion                                                 (0)

           3   Statue                                                  (1)

           4   Summerhouse                                      (1)

           6   Sundial                                                 (4)

           7   Tower                                                  (7)

           1   Vine house                                          (0)

           5   Walled garden                                      (2)

           1   Weir                                                     (1)

     899  records

 

Health and Welfare

           3   Bath house                                          (2)

           1   Canteen                                               (0)

         19   Hospital                                                (7)

           1   House                                                  (0)

           3   Medicinal well                                      (3)

           1   Orphanage                                           (1)

           1   Spa building                                         (0)

           6   Workhouse                                          (6)

       35  records

 

Industrial

           1   Adit                                                      (1)

           1   Bleach works                                      (1)

           2   Bob pit                                                  (1)

           2   Boiler house                                         (0)

           1   Boring mill                                             (0)

           6   Brewery                                              (6)

           3   Brick drying shed                                 (0)

           4   Brick kiln                                               (0)

         11   Brickworks                                          (6)

           2   Buddle                                                  (1)

           1   Charcoal burning site                           (0)

           3   Chemical works                                   (0)

           8   Chimney                                               (4)

           3   Clay pit                                                 (0)

           3   Cloth mill                                               (3)

           1   Coal cleaning plant                               (1)

         18   Coalmine                                              (0)

         13   Colliery                                                 (12)

           1   Colliery building                                    (0)

           1   Colliery railway                                    (0)

           1   Colliery winding engine                        (1)

           1   Crane                                                   (0)

           1   Crusher house                                     (1)

           3   Crushing mill                                         (1)

           1   Culvert                                                 (1)

           1   Dressing floor                                      (0)

           1   Drying shed                                         (0)

         30   Engine house                                       (20)

           6   Factory                                                (4)

           4   Fan house                                            (1)

           1   Fieclay works                                      (0)

           4   Flannel mill                                            (4)

           4   Forge                                                   (3)

           7   Foundry                                               (5)

         19   Fulling mill                                             (16)

           9   Furnace                                               (9)

           1   Gas holder                                           (0)

           5   Gasworks                                            (0)

           5   Gravel pit                                             (0)

           1   Gunpowder works                              (1)

           1   Halvans plant                                       (1)

           1   Head gear                                            (1)

           1   Heapstead                                           (0)

           1   Horse whim                                         (1)

           1   House                                                  (0)

           1   Hushing channel                                  (1)

           1   Incline                                                   (0)

           6   Inclined plane                                       (0)

           1   Iron ore quarry                                     (0)

         21   Iron works                                           (3)

           1   Kiln                                                       (0)

           1   Kiln (malt)                                             (1)

           1   Lamp room                                           (0)

           7   Lead mine                                            (0)

         14   Leat                                                      (10)

           1   Leather works                                     (1)

           6   Level                                                    (3)

           1   Lime shed                                            (0)

           4   Limestone quarry                                 (0)

           2   Magazine                                             (2)

           4   Maintenance workshop                       (0)

           1   Mill (bone)                                            (1)

           1   Mill (cement)                                         (1)

           1   Mill (clover)                                          (1)

           1   Mill office                                              (1)

           2   Mill race                                                (0)

         23   Mine                                                     (5)

           2   Mine (coal)                                           (2)

           1   Mine (haematite)                                  (1)

           2   Mine (iron)                                            (2)

         10   Mine (lead)                                           (10)

           2   Mine (lead/copper)                               (2)

           1   Mine (lead/silver)                                 (1)

           7   Mine (lead/silver/zinc)                          (7)

           2   Mine (lead/zinc)                                   (2)

           3   Mine building                                        (1)

           1   Mine rescue station                             (0)

           1   Mine shaft                                            (0)

           1   Ore bin                                                 (1)

           4   Paper mill                                              (0)

           1   Peat processing works                       (1)

           1   Platform                                                (0)

         18   Pottery                                                 (1)

           1   Power house                                       (1)

           4   Power station                                      (0)

           1   Printing works                                      (1)

           1   Pug mill                                                 (0)

           1   Pump house                                         (1)

           1   Pump shed                                           (0)

         74   Quarry                                                 (6)

           1   Quarry (limestone)                               (1)

           2   Quarry (slate)                                      (2)

           2   Quarry workshop                                (0)

           2   Quarrying complex                              (0)

           1   Railway goods station                         (0)

           1   Retort house                                        (1)

           1   Rolling mill                                             (1)

           7   Saw mill                                               (7)

           1   Settling pit                                            (1)

           1   Sewer                                                  (0)

           3   Shaft                                                    (0)

           1   Silica works                                         (0)

           1   Slate quarry                                         (0)

           2   Sluice                                                   (0)

           5   Smelt mill                                              (5)

         12   Smithy                                                  (12)

           4   Spoil heap                                            (4)

           5   Spoil tip                                                (0)

           4   Tannery                                               (1)

           2   Tramroad culvert                                 (0)

           8   Tunnel                                                  (0)

           1   Turbine house                                      (1)

         13   Water wheel                                        (0)

           1   Waterwheel                                         (1)

           1   Wharfhouse                                         (0)

           4   Wheel pit                                              (4)

           1   Winch                                                   (0)

           1   Windmill                                                (0)

           1   Wire mill                                                (1)

           1   Wireworks                                           (1)

         78   Woollen factory                                   (2)

         35   Woollen mill                                          (17)

           8   Workshop                                            (2)

     647  records

 

Maritime

           1   Ferry                                                    (0)

           1   Lighthouse                                           (1)

           3   Pier                                                       (3)

           1   Ship find                                               (1)

           1   Shipyard                                              (0)

           1   Vessel                                                 (0)

           1   Wreck                                                  (1)

        9  records

 

Monument (by form)

           4   Bank                                                     (1)

         74   Building                                                (54)

           2   Cairn                                                    (0)

           4   Ditch                                                     (0)

           1   Door                                                     (1)

           2   Doorcase                                             (1)

         56   Enclosure                                             (18)

           2   Enclosure complex                              (2)

           5   Find                                                      (4)

           4   Gate                                                     (0)

           1   Gate pier                                              (0)

           2   Gatehouse                                           (0)

           1   Gatepost                                              (0)

           1   Gateway                                              (0)

           1   Linear earthwork                                 (1)

           1   Mound                                                  (0)

       297   Outbuilding                                           (0)

         25   Platform                                                (24)

           1   Seat                                                     (1)

         14   Shed                                                    (0)

           9   Shelter                                                 (7)

           1   Stone                                                   (0)

         10   Store                                                    (0)

           2   Structure                                              (1)

           2   Tower                                                  (0)

         28   Wall                                                      (23)

           1   Yard                                                     (0)

     551  records

 

Recreational

           1   Belvedere                                            (0)

           2   Cinema                                                 (1)

           9   Cockpit                                                 (7)

           6   Holiday camp                                       (0)

           1   Museum                                               (1)

           1   Pavilion                                                 (0)

           1   Pleasure ground                                  (0)

           1   Shooting butt                                        (1)

           6   Theatre                                                (2)

       28  records

 

Religious, Ritual and Funerary

           1   Bier house                                           (1)

           1   Cathedral building                                (0)

           1   Cemetery                                             (1)

           2   Chambered tomb                                  (1)

     1361   Chapel                                                  (5)

         36   Church                                                 (29)

           1   Convent                                               (0)

           1   Conventual buildings                            (1)

           1   Crematorium                                         (0)

           2   Cross                                                   (2)

           1   Diocesan office                                   (0)

           4   Friends burial ground                           (4)

           3   Friends meeting house                        (3)

           1   Gorsedd circle                                     (0)

           6   Holy well                                              (6)

           1   Inscribed stone                                    (0)

           1   Long barrow                                        (1)

           1   Mission church                                    (1)

         38   Nonconformist chapel                          (38)

           1   Round barrow                                     (1)

           1   Round barrow (ring cairn)                   (1)

           1   Round barrow cemetery                     (1)

           1   Sculpture                                             (1)

           3   Tomb                                                    (2)

   1470  records

 

Transport

         11   Aqueduct                                             (0)

           1   Boathouse                                           (0)

       195   Bridge                                                  (136)

           7   Canal                                                    (1)

           8   Canal aqueduct                                    (6)

           1   Canal basin                                          (0)

           2   Canal boat                                            (0)

         19   Canal bridge                                         (6)

           1   Canal building                                       (1)

           1   Canal crane                                         (1)

           1   Canal cutting                                        (0)

           1   Canal dry dock                                     (0)

           2   Canal embankment                               (0)

           2   Canal feeder                                        (0)

           2   Canal feeder weir                                (0)

           2   Canal flood arch                                  (0)

           1   Canal gauging station                          (0)

           8   Canal lock                                            (3)

           1   Canal pumphouse                                (0)

           1   Canal spillway                                     (1)

           1   Canal toll collectors hut                        (0)

           1   Canal weir                                           (1)

           7   Canal wharf                                         (0)

           1   Carriage house                                    (1)

           6   Coach house                                       (6)

           1   Coal wharf                                           (0)

           1   Depot                                                   (0)

           1   Dock                                                     (0)

           1   Dry dock                                              (0)

         16   Footbridge                                            (0)

           1   Footpath                                               (1)

           4   Ford                                                     (1)

           1   Funicular railway                                 (0)

           1   Funicular railway bridge                      (0)

           5   Garage                                                 (1)

           1   Guide post                                           (0)

           1   Hollow way                                         (0)

           1   Loading stage                                      (0)

         18   Milestone                                              (13)

         19   Railway                                                (3)

         18   Railway bridge                                     (0)

           2   Railway building                                   (2)

         14   Railway culvert                                    (0)

           2   Railway cutting                                    (0)

           3   Railway embankment                           (0)

           3   Railway goods shed                            (2)

           1   Railway goods yard                            (0)

           2   Railway halt                                         (0)

           2   Railway incline                                     (0)

           7   Railway junction                                  (0)

           2   Railway passing-loop                          (0)

           1   Railway platform                                  (1)

           1   Railway shed                                       (0)

           2   Railway sidings                                   (0)

           3   Railway signal                                     (3)

         10   Railway signal box                              (3)

           1   Railway stables                                   (0)

       138   Railway station                                    (32)

           1   Railway station garden                        (0)

           1   Railway terminus                                 (0)

           1   Railway transhipment                          (0)

           1   Railway tunnel                                     (0)

         16   Railway viaduct                                   (0)

         66   Road                                                    (5)

           1   Sett                                                      (1)

           1   Slate yard                                            (0)

       130   Stable                                                   (0)

           4   Toll gate                                               (4)

         10   Toll house                                            (8)

         43   Trackway                                            (7)

           7   Tramroad                                             (0)

           2   Tramroad bridge                                  (0)

           1   Tramroad engine shed                         (0)

           1   Tramroad office                                   (0)

           8   Tramway                                             (3)

           3   Tunnel                                                  (1)

           6   Viaduct                                                (4)

           2   Weigh house                                        (0)

         11   Wharf                                                   (4)

     883  records

 

Unassigned

           1   Beach                                                  (0)

           8   Boundary bank                                    (0)

           2   Boundary marker                                 (2)

           5   Boundary stone                                   (4)

           3   Boundary wall                                     (0)

           1   Crannog                                               (0)

           3   Fence                                                   (3)

           4   House                                                  (0)

           1   Mounting block                                     (0)

           1   Non antiquity                                        (1)

           9   Placename                                           (0)

         21   Platform                                                (0)

           1   Stepping stones                                   (0)

           1   Terrace                                                (0)

           2   Unknown                                             (0)

       63  records

 

Water Supply and Drainage

           1   Boundary bank                                    (0)

           3   Conduit                                                 (0)

           1   Culvert                                                 (0)

         15   Dam                                                      (9)

           1   Drain                                                    (0)

           2   Drainage ditch                                      (0)

           1   Flood prevention system                     (0)

           1   Holy well                                              (0)

           3   Latrine                                                  (3)

           2   Leat                                                      (0)

           1   Power house                                       (1)

           2   Pump                                                    (1)

           1   Rain gauge enclosure                          (0)

         14   Reservoir                                             (3)

           1   Reservoir tower                                  (0)

           1   Sewage works                                    (1)

           3   Spring                                                  (1)

           3   Valve tower                                         (1)

           4   Water supply                                       (0)

           1   Watercourse                                        (1)

         11   Weir                                                     (2)

         16   Well                                                      (10)

           1   Well house                                           (1)

       89  records

 

14135  records in total

 

 

 

Modern

 

Agriculture and Subsistence

           5   Dairy                                                    (0)

         15   Farmstead                                            (1)

           1   Pigsty                                                   (0)

           3   Quarry                                                 (3)

           1   Rabbit warren                                      (1)

       25  records

 

Civil

           2   Settlement                                            (2)

           1   Village cross                                        (1)

        3  records

 

Commemorative

           7   Commemorative monument                  (7)

           3   War memorial                                       (3)

       10  records

 

Commercial

           1   Office                                                   (0)

           1   Public house                                        (1)

           1   Restaurant                                           (0)

        3  records

 

Communications

           3   Post box                                               (3)

           1   Telephone exchange                           (0)

         44   Telephone kiosk                                   (44)

       48  records

 

Domestic

           2   House                                                  (2)

        2  records

 

Education

           1   School                                                  (1)

        1  records

 

Gardens, Parks and Urban Spaces

           4   Clock tower                                         (4)

           3   Fountain                                               (3)

           1   Gateway                                              (1)

           2   Statue                                                  (2)

       10  records

 

Health and Welfare

           2   Bath house                                          (0)

        2  records

 

Industrial

           1   Aircraft factory                                    (0)

           1   Engine house                                       (0)

           1   Factory                                                (0)

           1   Gasworks                                            (0)

           1   Lamp room                                           (0)

           1   Maintenance workshop                       (0)

           1   Mine (copper)                                      (1)

           8   Mine (lead)                                           (8)

           2   Mine (lead/silver)                                 (2)

           3   Mine (lead/silver/zinc)                          (3)

           1   Mine (lead/zinc/copper)                       (1)

           1   Mine office                                           (1)

           1   Mine trial                                               (1)

           4   Power station                                      (0)

           1   Pump house                                         (1)

           1   Shaft (coal & ironstone)                      (0)

           1   Spoil heap                                            (1)

       30  records

 

Monument (by form)

           1   Gate                                                     (1)

           1   Mound                                                  (1)

        2  records

 

Recreational

           1   Theatre                                                (1)

        1  records

 

Religious, Ritual and Funerary

           1   Chapel                                                  (1)

         10   Church                                                 (10)

           1   Churchyard                                          (1)

           1   Friends meeting house                        (1)

           1   Multiple site                                          (1)

       111   Nonconformist chapel                          (111)

     125  records

 

Transport

           1   Bridge                                                  (1)

           2   Depot                                                   (0)

           2   Petrol station                                        (0)

        5  records

 

Unassigned

           1   Fence                                                   (1)

        1  records

 

Water Supply and Drainage

           1   Pump                                                    (1)

        1  records

 

    269   records in total