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A Research Framework for the Archaeology of Wales

 

East and North East Wales Archaeological Resource Audit

 

Section 3:  Environmental Data

 

The following environmental data are derived from Cadw's Environmental Database for Wales (with six additional records derived from the SMR), curated by Astrid Caseldine of the University of Wales College Lampeter.  The summary table (arranged by the ‘primary’ period of their site of origin) are followed by lists of sites yielding environmental data supplied with the database. The list of C14 dates relates only to this environmental work - for other C14 dating see section 2

 

Cadw Envirnomental Database records listed by Period of site sampled and type of sample

 

Unknown

                    2   Charcoal

                    3   Pollen

                    2   Waterlogged Plant Macrofossils

                    1   Wood

Palaeolithic

                    2   Animal Bone

                    1   Molluscs

                    2   Pollen

                    1   Wood

Mesolithic

                    2   Animal Bone

                    3   Charcoal

                    1   Charred Plant Macrofossils

                    2   Molluscs

                    2   Other

                    4   Pollen

                    1   Soil

                    1   Waterlogged Plant Macrofossils

Neolithic

                    7   Animal Bone

                    5   Charcoal

                    5   Charred Plant Macrofossils

                    1   Dendrochronology

                    1   Fish Bone

                    1   Insects

                    5   Molluscs

                    2   Other

                    3   Pollen

                    3   Soil

                    2   Waterlogged Plant Macrofossils

                    1   Wood

Bronze Age

                    4   Animal Bone

                    1   Bird Bone

                  11   Charcoal

                  10   Charred Plant Macrofossils

                    1   Fish Bone

                    1   Insects

                    1   Molluscs

                  14   Pollen

                    1   Sediment

                    8   Soil

                    2   Soil Micromorphology

                    1   Waterlogged Plant Macrofossils

                    1   Wood

Iron Age

                    8   Animal Bone

                    5   Charcoal

Iron Age

                    9   Charred Plant Macrofossils

                    2   Insects

                    1   Molluscs

                    2   Pollen

                    2   Soil

                    4   Waterlogged Plant Macrofossils

Roman

                    1   Animal Bone

                    5   Charred Plant Macrofossils

                    1   Other

                    3   Pollen

                    2   Waterlogged Plant Macrofossils

                    2   Wood

Medieval

                    6   Animal Bone

                    1   Bird Bone

                    1   Botanical remains

                    8   Charcoal

                    8   Charred Plant Macrofossils

                    4   Dendrochronology

                    3   Fish Bone

                    4   Insects

                    3   Molluscs

                    3   Other

                    9   Pollen

                    1   Soil

                    1   Unknown

                    3   Waterlogged Plant Macrofossils

                    5   Wood

Multiperiod

                    2   Charcoal

                    3   Charred Plant Macrofossils

                    2   Diatoms

                    2   Insects

                    3   Microfossils

                    4   Molluscs

                    1   Ostracod

                    4   Other

                  76   Pollen

                    2   Sediment

                  22   Soil

                    5   Waterlogged Plant Macrofossils

                    1   Wood