A Research Framework for the Archaeology of Wales

East and Northeast Wales – Medieval, Key Sites

22/12/2003

 

Agriculture and Subsistence

 

Rhos Fynach Wier, Conwy

A fishing weir possibly 13th century and connected with the monastery at Rhos Fynach. Trial excavation 1993 recorded two phases of construction C14 date between AD1500 and AD1660. (CPAT SMR PRN 100501)

Excavation GAT / 1993

Survey GAT / 1993

Watching brief GAT / 1993

Flook, R, 1992; Jones, N, 1997; RCAHM, 1914; Riley, H & Flook, H, 1993; Williams, D H, 1990;

 

Defence

 

Brecon Town Defences, Brecon, Powys

Town defences of Brecon (formerly comprising several towers and gates predominantly mid C13th), subject to numerous excavations (CPAT SMR PRN 604)

Excavation Dorling, P / 1991

Excavation GGAT / 1995

Evaluation EAS / 1997(06/06/97) -

Excavation Monmouth Archaeological Society, 1997;

Burnham, H, 1995; Cole, J R, Dodd, L J, Garner, D J & Walker, W S, 1997; Colvin, H M, 1963; Dorling, P, 1991; Jones, T, 1909; Locock, M, 1995; Locock, M, 1996; Locock, M & Marvell, A G, 1995; Lennox, P J, 1992; Nenk, B S, Margeson, S & Hurley, M, 1993; Parry, E G, 1985; Silvester, R J, 1993; Soulsby, I, 1983; Thomas, H, 1967; Turner, H L, 1971;

 

Caergwrle Castle, Hope, Flintshire

Late 13th century remains of stone castle situated on steep sided isolate hill. Series of excavation 1980s (CPAT SMR PRN 101294)

Excavation Manley, J / 1988-89

Burnham, H, 1995; Davies, E, 1949; Harston, C L, 2000; King, D J C, 1974; Lloyd-Morgan, G, 1983; Manley, J, 1989; Manley, J, 1990; Manley, J, 1992; Nenk, B S, Margeson, S & Hurley, M, 1991; RCAHM, 1912; Taylor, A J, 1992; Welsh Office, 1962;

 

Castell Blaenllynfi Castle, Llanfihangel Cwmdu with Bwlch and Cathedine, Powys

Simple masonry castle subject to 'private' excavation and latterly detailed building survey. (CPAT SMR PRN 651)

Excavation Blackham / 1968ff

Survey CPAT-BBNP / 1993ff

Jones, T, 1805; King, D J C, 1961; Nenk, B S, Margeson, S & Hurley, M, 1991; Salter, M, 1991; Silvester, R J, 1990; Silvester, R J & Dorling, P J, 1993;

 

Denbigh, Exchequer Gate, Denbighshire

Excavated town gateway (CPAT SMR PRN 15633)

Watching brief Smith, C / 1977(01/12/77) -

Excavation Smith, C / 1982(01/07/82) -

Anon, 1887; Butler, L A S, 1976; Gee, T, 1829; Hemp, W J, 1926; Smith, C, 1988; Smith, C, 1988;

 

Dolforwyn Castle (multiple), Llandyssil, Powys

C13th stone castle. Extensive excavations from 1981. Final consolidation work finished 2002 (CPAT SMR PRN 154)

Excavation York University / 1981-1998Pasture

Beresford, M G, 1967; Burnham, H, 1995; Butler, L, 1981; Butler, L, 1989; Butler, L, 1989; Butler, L, 1989; Butler, L, 1990; Butler, L, 1990; Butler, L, 1991; Butler, L, 1992; Butler, L, 1993; Butler, L, 1994; Butler, L, 1994; Butler, L, 1995; Butler, L, 1998; Butler, L & Arnold, C, 1983; Butler, L & Arnold, C J, 1982; Butler, L & Arnold, C J, 1984; Butler, L & Arnold, C J, 1985; Clark, G T, 1877; Emery, A, 2000; Haith, C & Bradley, J, 1997; Hemp, W J, 1935; Hogg, A H A, 1979; Lloyd, J E, 1941; Nenk, B S, Margeson, S & Hurley, M, 1992; Sandford, G, 1873; Silvester, R J, 1992; Spurgeon, C J, 1966; Spurgeon, C J, 1972; Williams, R, 1901; Youngs, S M, Clark, J & Barry, T, 1983; Youngs, S M, Clark, J & Barry, T, 1984; Youngs, S M, Clark, J & Barry, T, 1986; Youngs, S M, Clark, J, Gaimster, D, 1988; Williams, R, 1901;

 

Flint Castle, Flintshire

Edwardian stone castle of 1277 possibly on site of 1157 castle. Extensive excavation. (CPAT SMR PRN 100325)

Excavation Miles, T / 1970Public

Excavation Miles, T / 1971-74

Evaluation Hannaford, H R / 1988

Watching brief Greenfield Heritage Park / 1996

Burnham, H, 1995; Craster, O E, 1966; Edwards, J G, 1952; Giffords, 1994; Hannaford, H R, 1988; Hannaford, H R, 1989; Hemp, W J, nd; Hurst, J G, 1966; King, D J C, 1958; Linnard, W, 2000; Maxwell, H, 1843; Miles, T J, 1971; Miles, T J, 1971; Miles, T J, 1972; Miles, T J, 1973; Miles, T J, 1996; Morgan, D, 1996; Muir, R, 2000; RCAHM, 1912; Rigold, S E, 1975; Simpson, W D, 1940; Taylor, A J, 1947; Taylor, H, 1899; Taylor, H, 1917; Taylor, H, 1922; Thompson, F H, 1912; Welsh Office, 1950; Welsh Office, 1983; Williams, J G, 1988;

 

Hen Domen motte and bailey, Montgomery, Powys

Classic motte and bailey. Extensive excavation from 1960. Numerous finds building plans etc. Pollen sampling site (CPAT SMR PRN 165)

Excavation Barker, PA / 1960ff

Geophysics Stratascan / 1991Minor Use Pasture

Barker, P & Higham, R, 1988; Barker, P A, 1961; Barker, P A, 1962; Barker, P A, 1963; Barker, P A, 1964; Barker, P A, 1965; Barker, P A, 1966; Barker, P A, 1967; Barker, P A, 1968; Barker, P A, 1969; Barker, P A, 1969; Barker, P A, 1970; Barker, P A, 1972; Barker, P A, 1973; Barker, P A, 1976; Barker, P A, 1977; Barker, P A, 1977; Barker, P A & Higham, R, 1982; Barker, P A & Lawson, J, 1971; Britnell, W J, Martin, C H R & Hankinson, R, 2000; Burnham, H, 1995; Higham, R & Barker, P, 2000; Hurst & Wilson, 1964; Nenk, B S, Margeson, S & Hurley, M, 1991; Nenk, B S, Margeson, S & Hurley, M, 1993; RCAHM, 1911; Seymour, W P, 1980; Spurgeon, C J, 1966; Stratascan, 1991; Webster, L E & Cherry, J, 1976; Webster, L E & Cherry, J, 1977; Webster, L E & Cherry, J, 1978; Wilson, D M & Moorhouse, S, 1971; Youngs, S M, Clark, J & Barry, T, 1984; Youngs, S M, Clark, J & Barry, T, 1986;

 

Mathrafal Castle, Llangyniew, Powys

Enigmatic square plan motte and bailey with alleged early medieval origins. Series of excavations C14 dates (CPAT SMR PRN 69)

Excavation Jones, H L / 1840

Excavation Unknown / 1870

Excavation Jones, R / 1929

Excavation Davies, A S / 1930

Excavation Arnold, C J & Huggett, J / 1985

Excavation Arnold, C J & Huggett, J / 1989

Anon, 1873; Anon, 1873; Anon, 1912; Anon, 1912; Arnold, C J & Huggett, J W, 1986; Arnold, C J & Huggett, J W, 1986; Arnold, C J & Huggett, J W, 1995; Burnham, H, 1995; Clancy, J P, 1970; Clancy, J P, 1970; Clancy, J P, 1970; Collingwood, R G & Taylor, M V, 1931; Collingwood, R G & Taylor, M V, 1931; Davies, A S, 1932; Davies, A S, 1932; Davies, A S, 1937; Davies, A S, 1937; Fenton, R, 1917; Fenton, R, 1917; Gleanor, 1846; Gleanor, 1846; Gleanor, 1846; Huggett, J W & Arnold, C J, 1985; Jones, H L, 1849; Jones, H L, 1849; Jones, M C, 1868; Jones, M C, 1868; Jones, M C, 1868; Jones, O, Williams, E & Pughe, W O, 1870; Jones, O, Williams, E & Pughe, W O, 1870; Jones, O, Williams, E & Pughe, W O, 1870; Jones, T, 1952; Jones, T, 1952; Jones, T, 1952; Jones, T, 1955; Jones, T, 1955; Jones, T, 1955; Lloyd, J E, 1911; Lloyd, J E, 1911; Lloyd, J E, 1936; Lloyd, J E, 1936; Lloyd, J E & Gardner, W, 1923; Lloyd, J E & Gardner, W, 1923; Musson, C R & Spurgeon, C J, 1988; Powel, D, 1584; Powel, D, 1584; Pryce, F N, 1930; Pryce, F N, 1930; RCAHM, 1911; RCAHM, 1911; Rhys, J, 1883; Rhys, J, 1883; Sandford, G, 1871; Sandford, G, 1871; Smith, L, 1906; Spurgeon, C J, 1966; Spurgeon, C J, 1966; Williams, R, 1888; Williams, R, 1888; Williams-Wynn, W, 1879; Williams-Wynn, W, 1879;

 

Montgomery Castle, Powys

C13th stone castle. Extensive excavations (CPAT SMR PRN 169)

Excavation Knight, J K / 1964-65

Excavation Knight, J K / 1966-68

Excavation Knight, J K / 1972-73

Watching brief CPAT / 1994

Britnell, W J, Martin, C H R & Hankinson, R, 2000; Burnham, H, 1995; Clark, G T, 1877; Clark, G T, 1877; Emery, A, 2000; Higham, R & Barker, P, 2000; Knight, J K, 1992; Knight, J K, 1993; Knight, J K, 1994; Leonard, J, Preshous, D, Roberts, M, Smyth, J & Train, C, 2000; Lewis, J M, 1968; Lloyd, J D K, 1955; Lloyd, J D K, 1965; Lloyd, J D K & Knight, J K, 1973; Lloyd, J E, 1911; Moore, D, 2000; O'Neil, B H St J & Foster-Smith, A H, 1940; Robinson, W R B, 1999; Sandford, G, 1877; Sandford, G, 1883; Silvester, R J, 1992; Spurgeon, C J, 1966; Williams, J G, 1988;

 

Montgomery Medieval Town Defences, Powys

Series of C13th stone built town defences. Numerous excavations  (CPAT SMR PRN 170)

Excavation O'Neil / 1940

Excavation CPAT / 1982

Excavation CPAT / 1988

Excavation CPAT / 1989

Excavation CPAT / 1990

Excavation CPAT / 1990

Excavation CPAT / 1992

Excavation CPAT / 1992

Excavation CPAT / 1993

Excavation CPAT / 1995

Excavation CPAT / 1995-7

Britnell, W J, Martin, C H R & Hankinson, R, 2000; Burnham, H, 1995; Jones, N W & Britnell, W J, 1998; O'Neil, B H St J & Foster-Smith, A H, 1940; Silvester, R J, 1992; Silvester, R J, 1992; Taylor, A J, 1947; Turner, H L, 1971; Turner, H L, 1971;

 

New Radnor, Powys

Elaborate motte and bailey sited at corner of walled town (see below). Extensive (but poorly documented) C19th excavations and latterly subject of extensive documentary research and assessment. (CPAT SMR PRN 1075)

Excavation Unknown / 1864

Delaney, C J & Soulsby, I N, 1975; Downman, E A, 1916; Gregory, D, 1994; Hogg, A H A & King, D J C, 1967; Musson, C R & Spurgeon, C J, 1988; Parker, K, 1998; RCAHM, 1913; Remfry, P, 1994; Remfry, P, 1996; Renn, D F, 1968; Silvester, R J, 1994; Silvester, R J, 1994;

 

Powis Castle, castle, Welshpool, Powys

C13th stone castle with extensive later development and remodelling, and now surrounded by C17th and later gardens. Series of minor excavations and surveys of castle fabric. (CPAT SMR PRN 123)

Excavation Arnold, C J / 1984-85

Watching brief Arnold, C J / 1985-86

Survey Arnold, C J / 1986

Survey Arnold, C J / 1987-89

Excavation National Trust / 1997(11/09/97) - Private space

Anon, 1861; Anon, 1882; Anon, 1978; Arnold, C J, 1985; Arnold, C J, 1985; Arnold, C J, 1986; Arnold, C J, 1987; Arnold, C J, 1988; Arnold, C J, 1989; Arnold, C J, 1990; Arnold, C J, 1990; Arnold, C J, 1993; Brown, R L, 1996; Burnham, H, 1995; Davies, J, 1999; Department of the Environment, 1981; Emery, A, 2000; Linnard, W, 2000; Moore, D, 2000; Morgan, R, 1980; National Trust, 1987; National Trust, 1998; RCAHM, 1911; Rees, S E, 1997; Smith, D W, 1984; Welsh Historic Gardens Trust, 1998?; Williams, J G, 1988; Youngs, S M, Clark, J & Barry, T, 1986;

 

Sycharth Castle, Llansilin, Powys

Motte and bailey with late C13th re-occupation associated with Owen Glyndwr (documented in poem of c1390) Pollen site (CPAT SMR PRN 101074)

Excavation Hague, D B & Warhurst, C / 1962-63

Burnham, H, 1995; Caseldine, A, 1990; Crampton, C B, 1966; Davies, R R, 1995; Davies, R R, 1995; Emery, A, 2000; Emery, A, 2000; Hague, D B, 1962; Hague, D B, 1963; Hague, D B & Warhurst, C, 1964; Hague, D B & Warhurst, C, 1966; Higham, R & Barker, P, 1992; Owen, D H, 1989; Peate, I C, 2000; RCAHM, 1914;

 

Symon's Castle, Churchstoke, Powys

Motte and bailey subject to series of excavations and surveys. Internal buildings etc. (CPAT SMR PRN 199)

Survey Huggett, J W & Arnold, C / 1985

Excavation Huggett, J W & Arnold, C / 1986

Excavation Huggett, J W & Arnold, C / 1988

Excavation Huggett, J W & Arnold, C / 1992

Arnold, C & Huggett, J, 1992; Arnold, C J & Huggett, J W, 1985; Arnold, C J & Huggett, J W, 1987; Arnold, C J & Huggett, J W, 1987; Arnold, C J & Huggett, J W, 1988; Blockley, K, 1988; Britnell, W J, Martin, C H R & Hankinson, R, 2000; Burnham, H, 1995; Hogg, A H A & King, D J C, 1967; Huggett, J W & Arnold, C J, 1986; Lewis, E A, 1915; Lloyd, W V, 1880; RCAHM, 1911; Spurgeon, C J, 1966; Youngs, S M, Clark, J & Barry, T, 1986;

 

Tomen Llansantffraed Motte, Rhayader, Powys

Minor motte with recorded section across whole diameter (due to later building disturbance) (CPAT SMR PRN 259)

Excavation CPAT / 1982

Excavation CPAT / 1990

Hogg, A H A & King, D J C, 1963; Nenk, B S, Margeson, S & Hurley, M, 1991; RCAHM, 1913; Silvester, R J, 1990; Silvester, R J, 1991; Silvester, R J, 1994; Williams, J, 1858;

 

Domestic

 

Althrey Hall, Bangor Is-y-coed, Wrexham

Medieval hall house encased in C16th and later two storey timber-framed gabled mansion. Most of the half timberwork is sham; beams have been largely replaced by boarding. Survey and excavation in conjunction with restoration (CPAT SMR PRN 101680)

Excavation CPAT / 1991(/ /) -

CPAT, 1991; Cole, J; Cole, J R, 1991; Emery, A, 2000;

 

Beili Bedw Deserted Village, St Harmon, Powys

Deserted medieval settlement comprising a large number of platform houses and associated field systems. Partially excavated 1961-69, 14th to 15th century occupation suggested by pottery. Possible post-medieval occupation. (CPAT SMR PRN 1666)

Excavation Alcock, L / 1961-62

Excavation Courtney, P / 1991

Alcock, L, 1961; Alcock, L, 1962; Anon, 1934; Butler, L A S, 1971; Caseldine, A, 1990; Courtney, P, 1991; Crampton, C B & Webley, D P, 1964; St Joseph, J K, 1961;

 

Castle Madoc Ringwork, Honddu Isaf, Powys

Ringwork Partially excavated by Talbot and Field in 1960. (CPAT SMR PRN 451)

Excavation Talbot and Field / 1960

King, D J C & Alcock, L, 1966; St Joseph, J K, 1958; Talbot, E J & Field, B V, 1968;

 

Crickhowell, Tower St 1, Crickhowell, Powys

Excavation of part of multiperod building Part C14th. (CPAT SMR PRN 5367)

Excavation RCAHMW / 1984

 

Dolforwyn town earthworks, Llandyssil, Powys

Series of low banks and platforms at SO15139499 may represent site of former medieval market town of Dolforwyn. Survey and excavation (CPAT SMR PRN 35877)

Excavation Butler, L A S / 1997

Butler, L 1997 ms note

 

Hay-on-Wye, Belmont Road, Powys

Excavation recovered stone-lined cesspit and stone-built oven. Pottery suggesting pre-15th century and later buildings (CPAT SMR PRN 17402)

Excavation GGAT / 1992

Lennox, P J, 1992; Lennox, P J, 1992; Nenk, B S, Margeson, S & Hurley, M, 1993;

 

Hay-on-Wye, Heol-y-Dwr, Powys

Building foundations C12th - C13th pottery. (CPAT SMR PRN 17216)

Excavation CPAT / 1990

Silvester, R J, 1990; Silvester, R J & Jones, N W, 1992; Silvester, R J & Jones, N W, 1992;

 

Hen Caerwys DMV, Caerwys, Flintshire

Deserted medieval village site with partial excavation. 14th century pottery (CPAT SMR PRN 102461)

Excavation Leach & Pennant-Williams / 1962

Survey GAT / 1984

Leach, G B, 1963; Leach, G B, 1965; Leach, G B & Pennant-Williams, T, 1966; Leach, G B & Pennant-Williams, T, 1966; Muckle, P, 1994; Pennant-Williams, T T, 1964; Rogers, T, 1979; Unknown, 1964;

 

Llanfilo medieval building, Felin-fach, Powys

Substantial well-preserved stone building found in pre-planning evaluation. C13th - C15th pottery (CPAT SMR PRN 15935)

Evaluation CPAT / 1994

Excavation CPAT / 1994

Thomas, D, 1994;

 

Montgomery, Bunner's Yard, Powys

Excavation revealed domestic occupation debris including waterlogged deposits C14 date (CPAT SMR PRN 17406)

Excavation CPAT / 1991

Britnell, W J, Martin, C H R & Hankinson, R, 2000; Gibson, A, 1991; Gibson, A, 1991; Gibson, A, 1992; Nenk, B S, Margeson, S & Hurley, M, 1992;

 

Montgomery, Plas Du, Powys

Ancestral homes of Lords Herbert of Chirbury after moving from Montgomery Castle. Site (in garden of later Plas Du) excavated by owner. (CPAT SMR PRN 17649)

Excavation Ashton & Garwood / 1980-82

Excavation Ashton & Garwood / 1986-87

Evaluation CPAT / 1995

Watching brief CPAT / 1995

Excavation Ashton & Garwood / 1997(01/10/97) -

Ashton, N & Garwood, P, 1985; Britnell, W J, Martin, C H R & Hankinson, R, 2000; Tucker, N D, 1997;

 

Montgomery, Pool Road, Powys

Extensive excavation of house plot on the medieval frontage of Pool Road carried out by CPAT during 1984 in advance of building revealed medieval building and yard.  Multi-phased house post construction followed by beams Hearth and oven located C13th - C15th.  (CPAT SMR PRN 5412)

Excavation CPAT / 1984

Britnell, J & Jones, N, 1989; Britnell, W J, Martin, C H R & Hankinson, R, 2000; Silvester, R J, 1992; Youngs, S M, Clark, J & Barry, T, 1985;

 

New Radnor, The Porth, Powys

Excavations in 1991 revealed partial plans of stone and timber buildings. Latrine and rubbish pits, ovens and corn drying kiln located behind assumed Medieval and later buildings located fronting onto Church Street. C13th/14th pottery (CPAT SMR PRN 17409)

Excavation CPAT / 1991

Cadw, 1997; Cadw, 1997; Jones, N, 1993; Jones, N W, 1991; Jones, N W, 1992; Jones, N W, 1992; Jones, N W, 1998; Nenk, B S, Margeson, S & Hurley, M, 1992; Nenk, B S, Margeson, S & Hurley, M, 1993; Silvester, R J, 1994;

 

Penley Old Hall, Maelor South, Wrexham

Survey of ostensible C17th brick farmhouse revealed substantial C15th/C16th timber hall encased by later structure. Attic rooms retain a number of medieval painted roof trusses  (CPAT SMR PRN 17318)

Excavation CPAT / 1992

Cole, J R & Parkinson, A J, 1992;

 

Talgarth Church, medieval settlement, Powys

Medieval settlement found during pre-planning evaluation adjacent to St Gwendoline's Church, Talgarth. Pits burnt material, important collection of domestic cooking pots and bowls from the C12th.  C12th-early C15th occupation - crop processing and possible malting. Tap-slags and hearth bottoms suggest smithing and smelting (CPAT SMR PRN 13094)

Evaluation CAP / 1996

Excavation DAT / 1997(01/11/97) -

Blockley, K, 1996; Ludlow, N, 1997; Ludlow, N, 2000;

 

Ty Mawr house, Castle Caereinion, Powys

Medieval aisled house, 14th/15th century. Extensively surveyed (with minor excavation) and recently restored to habitation. Dendrochronology dated building to AD1458 or AD1460. C14 dates. 'Building of the Year' award from the Royal Institution of Chartered Surveyors in 2000 (against direct competition from the Sydney Olympic village!)  (CPAT SMR PRN 2419)

Assessment Borne & Dixon / 1979

Excavation CPAT / 1996

Excavation CPAT / 1997

Cadw, 1997; Emery, A, 2000; Miles, D H & Haddon-Reece, D, 1996; Miles, D H & Worthington, M J, 1998; RCAHM, 1971; Saunders, M, 1997; Saunders, M, 1997; Suggett, R, 1996;

 

Tyddyn-llwydion house, Llanrhaeadr-ym-mochnant, Powys

Cruck-framed and timber-walled building surveyed and excavated by CPAT Dendrochronology dates of AD1554 and 1602 (CPAT SMR PRN 34371)

Excavation CPAT / 1994-95

 

 

Gardens, Parks and Urban Spaces

Ruthin, Nantclwyd House, garden, Denbighshire

Survival of the garden of an important town house, with late medieval walls and a seventeenth or early eighteenth-century gazebo. Partially excavated  (CPAT SMR PRN 22981)

Excavation CCC / 1990

Cadw, 1995; Welsh Historic Gardens Trust, 1998?;

 

Industrial

 

Beacons Reservoir Furnace, Glyn Tarell, Powys

Circular furnace base slag etc  - partially excavated

Excavation Briggs, C S / 1986

Excavation CPAT/RCAHMW / 1987

Briggs, C S, 1986;

 

Denbigh Tile Kiln, Denbigh, Denbighshire

Medieval tile kiln C14th C15th pottery revealed in building work  (CPAT SMR PRN 102021)

Excavation Newstead, R / 1938

Lewis, J M, 1976; Newstead, R, 1938;

 

Religious, Ritual and Funerary

 

Abbey Cwmhir abbey, Powys

Cistercian abbey. Extensive C19th excavation and latterly building survey  (CPAT SMR PRN 245)

Excavation Unknown / 1825

Excavation Williams, S / 1889

Building survey CPAT / 1988

Building survey CPAT / 1996

Building survey CPAT / 1998

Geophysics Geoquest / 1998(01/12/98) -

Consolidation CAP / 1999

Building survey CPAT / 2000

Adams, M, 1988; Anon, 1849; Banks, R W, 1888; Blockley, K, 1998; Blockley, K, 1999; Brooksby, H, 1970; Burnham, H, 1995; Charles, B G, 1970; Cooke, L, 1965; Cooke, L T, 1964; Cooke, L T, 1981; Cooper, R N, 1992; Day, E H, 1911; Gregory, D, 1994; Haslam, R, 1979; Jones, N W, 1997; Jones, N W, 2000; Knowles, D & Hadcock, R N, 1953; Knowles, D & Hadcock, R N, 1971; Leonard, J, Preshous, D, Roberts, M, Smyth, J & Train, C, 2000; RCAHM, 1913; Radford, C A R, 1982; Ralegh Radford, C A, 1982; Rees, W J, 1849; Remfry, P M, 1994; Robinson, D, 1998; Silvester, R J, 1994; Thomas, D, 1998; Williams, D H, 1976; Williams, D H, 1984; Williams, D H, 1990; Williams, D H, 1999; Williams, S W, 1896;

 

Bleddfa Church (St Mary Magdalene), tower, Llangunllo, Powys

Remains of 14th century church tower discovered during excavation of mound abutting church (CPAT SMR PRN 19255)

Excavation Butler, L A S / 1961

Butler, L A S, 1962; Silvester, R J, 1994;

 

Capel Maelog Church, Llandrindod Wells, Powys

Totally excavated medieval church and churchyard site with earlier site use. Church plan graves etc C14 dates (CPAT SMR PRN 2055)

Excavation CPAT / 1984-87

Arnold, C J, Britnell, W & Dorling, P, 1984; Britnell, B, 1985; Britnell, B, 1986; Britnell, W J, 1986; Britnell, W J, 1990; Britnell, W J & Jones, N W, 1987; Cunningham, C, 1999; Edwards, N, 1999; Morris, T E, 1917; Silvester, R J, 1994; Youngs, S M, Clark, J & Barry, T, 1985; Youngs, S M, Clark, J, Gaimster, D, 1988;

Hope Church, Hope, Flintshire

Excavation, watching brief and recording was carried out at Hope Church Structural sequences identified. (CPAT SMR PRN 16798)

Excavation CPAT / 2000

Jones, N W, 2000;

 

Llangwyfan Church (St Cwyfan), Llandyrnog, Denbighshire

Medieval church with partial excavation yielding earth floors and traces of C17-18th wall paintings (CPAT SMR PRN 102284)

Excavation CPAT / 1997

Britnell, W J, 1997; Britnell, W J, 1998; Hubbard, E, 1986; Lloyd-Williams & Underwood, 1872; RCAHM, 1914; Thomas, D R, 1911; Welsh Office, 1966;

 

Pennant Melangell Church (St Melangell), Llangynog, Powys

Extensive excavation around medieval (and earlier) church. Site of former shrine to St Melangell (reconstructed within church). (CPAT SMR PRN 14)

Excavation CPAT / 1989ff

Britnell, B, 1990; Britnell, B, 1991; Britnell, W J, 1992; Britnell, W J, 1994; Britnell, W J, 1994; Britnell, W J & Jones, N W, 1989; Britnell, W J & Watson, K, 1994; Department of the Environment, 1946; Evans, G G, 1994; Gaimster, D R M, Margeson, S & Hurley, M, 1990; Glynne, S R, 1885; Glynne, S R, 1894; Gray, M, 2000; Heaton, R B & Britnell, W J, 1994; Nenk, B S, Margeson, S & Hurley, M, 1991; Nenk, B S, Margeson, S & Hurley, M, 1992; Parkinson, A J, 1994; Pryce, H, 1994; Ridgway, M H, 1994; Silvester, R J, 1992;

 

Strata Marcella Abbey, Welshpool, Powys

Cistercian abbey excavated C19th and latterly subject to geophysics and documentary research. Site virtually levelled (CPAT SMR PRN 1253)

Excavation Williams, S W / 1891

Geophysics Bradford / c.1990

Cadw, 1997; Cooper, R N, 1992; DRT, 1886; Insley, C, 1999; Jones, M C, 1871; Knowles, D & Hadcock, R N, 1953; Knowles, D & St Joseph, K, 1952; Leonard, J, Preshous, D, Roberts, M, Smyth, J & Train, C, 2000; RCAHM, 1911; Robinson, D, 1998; Williams, D H, 1976; Williams, D H, 1990; Williams, D H, 1992; Williams, D H, 1999; Williams, S W, 1891; Williams, S W, 1892;

 

Valle Crucis Abbey, Llantysilio, Denbighshire

Cistercian abbey in guardianship. Various building recording, surveys, excavation and other work. (CPAT SMR PRN 101169)

Excavation Unknown / C19th

Geophysics Unknown / 1992

Excavation CPAT / 1993

Burnham, H, 1995; Butler, L A S, 1971; Butler, L A S, 1972; Butler, L A S, 1976; Butler, L A S, 1976; Clwyd Fine Arts Trust, nd; DRT, 1886; Dungannon, 1852; Emery, A, 2000; Evans, D H, 1995; Geophysical Surveys, 1992; Knowles, D & Hadcock, R N, 1963; Leonard, J, Preshous, D, Roberts, M, Smyth, J & Train, C, 2000; Lloyd-Williams & Underwood, 1872; Moore, D, 2000; Pratt, D, 1987; Pratt, D, 1995; Pratt, D, 1997; RCAHM, 1914; Ralegh Radford, C A, 1974; Rees, S E, 1997; Richardson, G C, 1888; Robinson, D, 1998; Thomas, D, 1993; Thomas, D, 1993; Thomas, D, 1993; Thomas, D, 1994; Thomas, D, 1995; Vernon Price, G, 1935; Welsh Office, 1960;

 

 

 

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