A Research Framework for the Archaeology of Wales

Southeast Wales – Later Prehistoric, key sites

22/12/2003

 

 

Late Bronze Age

 

Domestic

 

HEN DRE'R GELLI, Rhondda Valley, Rhondda Cynon Taff  SAM Gm354 (SS97579397)

Early excavation of a circular hut site. Lithics, no pottery

Griffith 1906

 

CALDICOT CASTLE LAKE (ST48738863)

Fishing structures and boat; dendro, palaeo, C14

Nayling and Caseldine 1997

 

CHAPELTUMP (ST44708514)

Roundhouse, craft activities, C14, palaeo

Whittle 1990; Locock et al. 1997

 

RED WICK (ST42278357)

Rectangular buildings

Neumann 2000, 292-299; Ongoing

 

THORNWELL (ST53959167)

Large area excavation of an open settlement of Late Bronze Age and Early Iron Age date, later becoming partly surrounded by a bank in the Late Iron Age and continuing through the Romano-British period. A single large diameter roundhouse of LBA date was discovered.

Hughes 1996

 

ATLANTIC TRADING ESTATE (ST13206275)

Roundhouse settlement Sell 1998

 

RUMNEY GREAT WHARF (ST22777723)

Roundhouses; fishing structures, C14

Allen 1996;

Nayling 1999

 

BEECH COURT FARM, EWENNY (SS905766)

Enclosure

Ongoing

 

COED-Y CYMDDA (ST13297398)

Univallate enclosure, never completed; few interior features identified, but they did include a hearth. Sections through defences, excavation of approx half interior; pottery (mainly late Middle Bronze Age; little Late Bronze age and Iron Age, Roman), flints, stone axe, copper alloy object (Roman), animal bone, radiocarbon

dates.

Owen-John 1988

 

Burials

 

ELBA TINPLATE WORKS, CRYMLYN BURROWS, SWANSEA (SS702933)
Unlooped shield pattern palstave associated with a human inhumation of early Middle Bronze Age date (Acton Park). Discovered in 1926 during building work.

Williams 1937;

Burgess 1976

Swansea Institution

 

HIRWAUN, RHONDDA CYNON TAFF (SN93250663)

Small cairn cemetery of probable Middle Bronze Age date - nine burials excavated.

No artefacts reported.

Fox & Thriepland 1942-3

 

WELSH ST DONATS, VALE OF GLAMORGAN (ST 04117495)

Secondary cremation burials around Barrow 3. Deverel-Rimbury tradition pottery (MBA). Ehrenburg et al 1982

 

Hoards and metalwork associations Taunton / Cemmaes (1400-1275BCcal)

 

CWMLLYNFELL, LLANGUICKE, (SN 744 128)

Found in 1984 during the digging of garden wall foundations. Comprises five Group III looped palstaves.

Sell AW 24; Northover in prep

NMGW 84.88H/1 -5

 

Penard (1275-1140BCcal)

PENARD, GOWER, SWANSEA (SS 56 89)

Found in 1827 by a quarryman at Llangrove, Pennard. Comprises one Early slender socketed axe, one plain pegged spearhead, three Ballintober Type sword fragments, and one barbed and tanged bronze arrowhead.

Dillwyn 1840; Crawford & Wheeler 1920-1; Burgess 1962-4; 1968; Jockenhovel 1975; Savory 1980; GCH; Schmidt & Burgess O'Connor 1980; Northover in prep

NMGW 15.277/1-6

Acton Park -Wilburton

 

LLANMADOG, GOWER, SWANSEA (SS 44 93)

'Dozens of palstaves'

Davies History of  West Gower, 1877-94 vol II; Savory GCH; Northover in prep

 

RAGLAN, MONMOUTHSHIRE (SO 41 07)

Found by a man working in a ditch near Raglan. Eight or ten palstaves of unknown type.

RCAHMW files; Northover in prep

Lost

Ewart Park (950-750BC)

 

BEAUFORT, BLAENAU GWENT (SO 16391246)

PRN 01825G

Found in 1922 on a steep slope on the east side of the Ebbw Valley. Hoard comprising two South Wales Type socketed axes, five socketed axes of unknown type and one Late Palstave.

Wheeler 1922b; AC 1922; Fox & Hyde 1939; McNeil 1973; Moore 1978; Savory

1980; Needham 1981; Northover in prep

NMGW 21.20/1-2 (on loan to Newport Museum)

Rest in private possession

 

BRIGAM FARM, LLANHARRY, VALE OF GLAMORGAN (SS 9862 8044)
Metal detector find during 1998. Comprises three South Wales Type socketed axes, one plain socketed axe, one sword blade fragment, two small blade fragments.
Lodwick in prep

Private possession

 

CHAPEL HILL, TINTERN, MONMOUTHSHIRE (ST 535 978)

PRN 00747G

Found circa 1924 in a corner of a field near the Monmouth-Chepstow road. Hoard comprising two Armorican type socketed axes and "found with other axes" of unknown type. Casual discovery.

Savory 1946; 1946-7; 1975; 1980; Burgess 1962; O'Connor 1980; Northover in prep

NMGW 43.221/1-2 Remainder of hoard lost

 

CHURCH FARM,  LLANDDEWI  RHYDDERCH, MONMOUTHSHIRE (SO34801310)

PRN 01360G

Hoard comprising one South Wales Type socketed axe, one faceted (short) socketed axe and ten further bronzes (mostly socketed axes of unknown type).

Wheeler  1921; Fox &  Hyde  1939;  McNeil  1973;  Moore  1978;  Savory  1980;

Needham 1981; Northover in prep

NMGW 20.528/1-2 Remainder of hoard lost

 

COED ITHEL, MONMOUTHSHIRE (ST 289 032)

Metal detector find 1980. Hoard comprising two South Wales Type socketed axes.

Stanton 1983, Northover in prep

NMGW 81.4H/1 –2

 

CYNCOED, LLANISHEN, CARDIFF (ST 190 810)

Comprises one Late palstave and one South Wales Type socketed axe.

Fox & Hyde 1939; Moore 1978; Savory 1980 GCH; Needham 1981.

NMGW

 

FAIRWATER, LLANDAFF, CARDIFF (ST 139 774)

Found in excavation of pipeline trench. Comprises one South Wales Type socketed axe and one slender, faceted, socketed axe.

Grimes 1935; Fox & Hyde 1939; Moore 1978; Savory 1980 GCH; Needham 1981;

Northover in prep.

NMGW

 

HEN DRE'R GELLI, YSTRAD RHONDDA ( SS 982 946)

Found near earthwork, Hendre'r Gelli Quarry. Comprises a number of socketed axes;

Wheeler 1921; 1922; Savory GCH; Northover in prep.

 

LIVEOAKS FARM, ST. ARYANS, MONMOUTHSHIRE (ST 543 972)

PRN 00746g

Hoard discovered in

Comprises one South Wales Type socketed axe, two South Welsh hybrid socketed axes, two faceted (slender) socketed axes, one Croxton Type socketed axe and one ribbed socketed axe.

Wheeler  1925-7; Fox & Hyde  1939; McNeil  1973; Savory  1980; Moore  1978;

Needham 1981; Northover in prep

NMGW 26.280/1-7 & 7

Private possession (1)

 

LLANDOW (?), VALE OF GLAMORGAN (SS 94 73)

Metal detector discovery during 2001.   Some uncertainty over the provenance, but certainly South Wales. Comprises four South Wales Type socketed axes, three South Wales hybrid socketed axes, one Yorkshire Type socketed axe, one Gillespie (variant Leith) Type socketed axe, three spearhead fragments and one Ewart Park sword fragment. As many as six further socketed axes may have been found but remain unseen.

Lodwick in prep

Private possession

 

LLANFIHANGEL GOBION, MONMOUTHSHIRE (SO 34 09)   

PRN 04387G

Hoard discovered during metal detecting in 1989.  Comprises two South Wales Type socketed axes, one plain socketed axe, two axe fragments of unknown type, two plain pegged spearheads and one reworked socketed knife.

Trett & Hudson 1989; Northover in prep

Private possession

(Newport Museum Enquiry No. 1895)

 

LLANTILIO PERTHOLEY, MONMOUTHSHIRE (SO 3116)

Hoard discovered during metal detecting in 1990. Comprises, four South Wales Type socketed axes, one plain socketed axe, one faceted (slender) socketed axe and one socketed gouge.

Trett & Hudson 1990; 1991; Newton in prep; Northover in prep

Newport Museum 90.2/1-6; 91.72

 

LLANTWIT MAJOR, VALE OF GLAMORGAN (SS 967 686)

Comprises one Late palstave, seven South Wales Type socketed axes, one Croxton Type socketed axe, three plain socketed axes, two plain pegged spearheads, one tanged and riveted sickle and one casting jet.

Storrie AC 1887; Wheeler 1921-3; Fox & Hyde 1939; Burgess 1969; McNeil 1973;

Moore 1978; Savory 1980 GCH; Needham 1981; Schmidt & Burgess; Northover in

prep.

NMGW 34.637/1-16

 

MARGAM, (SS 769 850)

Metal detector find in 1988. Found over a distance of 4m in the in-washed fill of a channel cut through the peat and lower blue-grey clay. Comprises three plain socketed axes and one South Wales Type socketed axe.

Wear in prep; Northover in prep

NMGW 88.48H/1-4

 

MICHAELSTON-SUPER-ELY, CARDIFF (ST 121 764)

Hoard of a bronze socketed axe (Croxton Type) with two fragments of gold inserted in the socket. These were a fragmentary coiled-end gold bracelet (Class B2) and a fragment of gold ribbon. Metal detector find.

Green & Northover 1996; Northover in prep.

NMGW

 

MYNYDD MARCH HOWEL, BLAENHONDDAN (SN 76 03 / 76 04)
'Celts' and a sword found in a cairn on Mynydd March Howel. Comprises slender faceted socketed axe and Ewart Park Type sword and socketed axes of unknown type.
Rutter, RCAHMW, Savory GCH

Swansea Institute & Lost

 

NAVIGATION HOUSE, ABERCYNON, (ST 083 950)

Found during construction of Aberdare railway. Comprises one faceted and slender socketed axe and one Ewart Park Type sword fragment

Wheeler 1923-5; Savory 1980; GCH; Northover in prep

NMGW 25.58 & Lost

 

OLD KEMEYS, NR. BULMORE, NEWPORT  (ST 38 93)

Hoard discovered during metal detecting and excavated by archaeologists whilst in situ. Buried within a small isolated pit. Comprises five South Wales Type socketed axes, three South Welsh hybrid socketed axes and one faceted (short) socketed axe.

Gwilt & Macdonald 2000; in prep

Private possession

NMGWPA

 

PENARTH, VALE OF GLAMORGAN (ST 179 702)

Found in 1900, whilst laying out a new road. Comprises one South Wales Type socketed axe, one Ewart Park sword fragment and one casting jet.

Wheeler 1921-3; Fox & Hyde 1939; McNeil 1973; Moore 1978; Savory 1980 GCH;

Needham 1981; Northover in prep

NMGW 01.115/1-3

 

PENDOYLAN, (ST 075 754)

Found in 1978 in a hedge bank. Comprises three South Wales Type socketed axes, two Plain socketed axes and one ribbed socketed axe.

GGAT Report 1977-8; Needham 1981; Savory GCH; Northover in prep

NMGW78.48H/1-6

 

PRINCETOWN, BLAENAU GWENT (SO 117 101)

PRN 02316G

Hoard discovered during road construction in 1964. Comprises two spearheads (1 fillet defined, 1 pegged). Brass lump found nearby is probably not associated.
Savory 1972; 1980; Green & Northover 1981

NMGW 70.32H/1 -2

 

RAGLAN, MONMOUTHSHIRE (SO 41 08)

Possible hoard of two South Wales Type socketed axes - reported singly.

Moore 1978; Needham 1981

Norwich Castle Museum 31.22.08

Manchester University Museum 0.8658

 

ST FAGANS, CARDIFF (ST 12 77)

Found c. 1847 whilst quarrying stone for the South Wales Railway, Great Wood. Comprises four South Wales Type socketed axes, one ribbed socketed axe, two plain pegged spearheads and on sword fragment of possible Ewart Park type.

Kemble 1863; Evans; Wheeler 1921-3; Fox & Hyde 1939; McNeil 1973; Moore

1978; Savory 1980; GCH; Needham 1981; Northover in prep

NMGW British Museum Lost

 

ST MELLONS, CARDIFF (ST 227 807)

PRN 00639S  

Hoard discovered in 1983. Comprises 25 South Wales type socketed axes and one casting jet. Another single South Wales type socketed axe may belong to the same hoard.

Stanton 1984; Northover in prep

NMGW 21.226(7); 83.37H; 83.86H

 

ST NICHOLAS, VALE OF GLAMORGAN (NGR not known)
Metal detector find in 2002. Archaeological excavation of depositional context undertaken, revealing an isolated pit cut into subsoil. The hoard comprises seven South Wales Type socketed axes, one South Wales Variant socketed axe, one Southern English ribbed axe, one plain socketed axe, one slender faceted axe, seven undiagnostic  socketed axe fragments,  one Type  Thorndon socketed knife, two socketed gouges, nine sword fragments (inc. Ewart Park Type), two spearheads, one sword scabbard mount, one penannular bronze bracelet fragment, four casting jets, two cake fragments.
Gwilt in prep

Private possession (loan to NMGW)

 

TREHAFOD STATION, YSTRADYFODWG, RHONDDA (ST 045 911)

Found c. 1890 during the building of Trehafod station. Comprises two South Wales Type socketed axes.

Wheeler 1921-3; Fox & Hyde 1939; McNeil 1973; Moore 1978; Savory 1980; GCH;

Needham 1981; Northover in prep.

NMGW 38.833/1-2

 

TROSTREY, MONMOUTHSHIRE (SO 362 049)

PRN 04293G

Metal detector find in 1987. Comprises two socketed axes of unknown type and one sword fragment of possible Ewart Park type.
Trett 1987; Northover in prep

Newport Museum 87.166/1 -2 & 7

 

WINDMILL FARM, LLANSANNOR, VALE OF GLAMORGAN (SS 99 78)

Metal detector find in 1998. One South Wales Type socketed axe fragment and one blade fragment of a socketed axe of unknown type.

Gwilt in prep

Private possession

 

YNYSHIR, YSTRADYFODWG, RHONDDA (ST 025 935)

Found on the edge of a small quarry near Heath Terrace, Ystradyfodwg. Comprises two South Wales Type socketed axes.

Wheeler 1921-3; Fox & Hyde 1939; McNeil 1973; Moore  1978; Savory 1980;

Needham 1981; Northover in prep

NMGW 21.524/1-2

Ewart Park / Llyn Fawr (950-700BC)

 

TINTERN, MONMOUTHSHIRE (ST 53349736?)

Two Armorican type socketed axes. Casual discovery.

Savory 1946; 1946-7

NMGW check

Llyn Fawr (750-700 BC)

 

LECKWITH MOORS, CARDIFF (ST 165 755)

Found in 1928 on flood plain between Rivers Taff and Ely. Comprises one rib and pellet socketed axe, one socketed axe fragment, four leatherworking knives, two socketed sickles, two razors and a chariot pole cap.

Nash-Williams   1933b;   Piggott   1946;   Burgess   1968;   Savory   1980   &   GCH;

Jockenhovel O'Connor

NMGW

 

LLYN FAWR, RHIGOS, RHONDDA CYNON TAFF (SN 917 035)

Found in 1911-12 lying in peat of lake when drained for reservoir construction. Finds reported on more than one occasion. Two previously unreported Sompting type axes were more recently published. Comprises six Sompting Type socketed axes, one plain socketed axe, one socketed axe fragment, two socketed sickles, one iron socketed sickle, three socketed gouges, one razor, three phalera, two cheek pieces, two belt fittings, one plain iron spearhead, two Class Bl cauldrons and an iron Mindelheim sword.

Crawford & Wheeler 1920-1; Wheeler 1921-3; Leeds 1930; Fox & Hyde 1939; Fox 1939; Hawkes & Smith 1957; Alcock 1961; Burgess 1968; Savory 1975; 1976; 1980; GCH; O'Connor 1975; 1980; Jockenhovel; Green 1978; 1985; Northover 1983 & Mount Batten in prep; Gerloff 1991

 

Unknown date

 

LLANARTH, MONMOUTHSHIRE (SO 393 128)

Possible hoard - 'weapons' of unknown type reported as discoveries.

Brading/Bradney check; Northover in prep.

Lost

 

MERTHYR MAWR, (SS 86 77)

Possible hoard found on Merthyr Mawr Warren. Not clear whether the fragments come from the same spearhead, or whether they were associated. Comprises one lozenge sectioned spearhead fragment and another spearhead fragment of unknown type.

Grimes; Savory 1980 GCH; Northover in prep

NMGW 01.363/1

 

Single finds

 

YSTRADOWEN, VALE OF GLAMORGAN (ST 018 783)

Gold ingot of probable Late Bronze Age date. Metal detector find. Green & Northover 1996

 

 

Iron Age

 

Settlement

 

DUNRAVEN CASTLE SAM Gm 350 (SS88677279)

Multivallate promontory fort. Geophysical survey has located hut sites and further defences. Casual find of human remains (not necessarily Iron Age).

Savory 1950; Barker and Mercer 2000

 

NASH POINT SAM Gm 33 (SS91486848)

Multivallate promontory fort. Geophysical survey has located possible pits and  structures

Barker and Mercer 1999a

 

CASTLE DITCHES, LLANTWIT MAJOR SAM Gm 19 (SS96026742)

Multivallate promontory fort. Geophysical survey has located complex internal features of more than one phase. Barker and Mercer 1999c

 

CAER DYNNAF SAM Gm 100 (SS98357427)

Multivallate hillfort; interior contains a complex of paddocks and at least one building of Roman date. Partial excavation of interior; pottery, iron shears (LIA, Roman).

Davies 1967b

 

THE BULWARKS, PORTHKERRY SAM Gm 29 (ST08206630)

Multivallate promontory fort.  Interior contains roundhouses and pits, and a building sequence against the rampart extending into the Roman period. Section through defences, limited excavation of interior, geophysical survey; pottery (Iron Age, Roman), animal bone.

Davies 1973a

 

LODGE WOOD HILLFORT, CAERLEON SAM Mm 23 (ST32309130)

Multivallate fort. Ongoing excavation.

Howell and Pollard 2000

 

COED-Y-BWNYDD (BETTWS NEWYDD) SAM Mm 75 (SO365068)

Multivallate fort with multi-period defences.  Interior probably densely occupied over a considerable period; buildings include four roundhouses. Sections though defences, limited excavation of interior; inconclusive geophysical survey; radiocarbon dates. Babbidge 1977

 

LLANMELIN SAM Mm 24 (ST46109257)

Multivallate fort with multi-period defences, annexe and outwork. Little in the way of identified internal structures, apart from two medieval buildings in the annexe. Section though defences, limited excavation of interior; pottery (Iron Age, Roman, medieval), human remains, animal bone.

Nash-Williams 1933

 

SUDBROOK SAM Mm 48 (ST50558732)

Multivallate promontory fort with multi-period defences.   Section though defences, limited excavation of interior, revealing structures; geophysical survey; pottery (LIA, Roman, medieval), metalwork, glass, iron slag, animal bone.

Nash-Williams 1939; Barker 1999, Sell et al 2001

 

TWYN Y GAER (CWMYOY) SAM Mm 148 (SO29402195)

Multivallate fort with multi-period defences; internal divisions; remains of hut platforms. Section through defences and crossbank; pottery (Iron Age), ironwork, querns, sling stones, iron slag.

Probert 1976

 

THE KNAVE SAM Gm 127 (SS43188637)

Multivallate promontory fort; pesthole and hearth from interior. Sections through defences, limited excavation of interior; pottery (Iron Age), potboilers, sling stones, hammerstone

Williams 1939b

 

HIGH PENNARD SAM Gm 45 (SS56778663)

Multivallate promontory fort; three possible huts from interior. Sections through defences, limited excavation of interior; pottery (Roman, medieval), glass, potboilers, slingstones, animal bone, charcoal ID

Williams 1941

 

BISHOPSTON VALLEY SAM Gm 126 (SS56938780)

Small promontory fort with multiple defences; evidence for a hut against the rampart. Sections through defences, limited excavation of interior; pottery (Iron Age, Roman), copper alloy brooch, iron finger ring, iron slag, charcoal identification.

Williams 1940

 

MYNYDD BYCHAN SAM Gm 76 (SS96307560)

Small fort with multiple defences and internal divisions; interior contains series of buildings from the LIA to early roman periods; reoccupied in the Middle Ages. Sections through defences, limited excavation of interior; pottery (Iron Age, Roman, medieval), human remains, animal bone, charcoal ID, molluscs.

Savory 1954; 1955b

 

HARDINGS DOWN SAM Gm 60 (SS43439078)

Enclosure with  widely  spaced  multiple  defences; internal   structures  include  a probable roundhouse.    Section through defences, limited excavation of interior; pottery (LIA) pollen analysis.

Hogg 1973

 

THE BULWARK, LLANMADOC SAM Gm 61 (SS44309275)

Enclosure with widely spaced multiple defences of two periods. Section through defences; slingstones, animal bone.

Davies 1964.

 

CAE SUMMERHOUSE SAM Gm 102 (SS86397798)

Enclosure with widely spaced multiple defences, not an original feature of the settlement. Internal structures include roundhouses.   Section through the defences, excavation of approx half the interior; pottery (Iron Age, Roman),

Davies 1967a; 1973b

 

MAENDY CAMP SAM Gm 99 (SS95739551)

Enclosure with widely spaced multiple defences, includes within its area a Bronze Age cairn and cairnfield. Limited excavation produced a possible hut site between the defences; most of finds relate to excavation of cairn.

Williams 1902

 

BURRY HOLMS PROMONTORY FORT SAM Gm88 (SS39889258)

Single rampart and ditch cutting promontory. Section through defences; pottery (Roman).

RCAHMW 1976b, 19; Williams 1939a, 29 no.52

 

CASTLE DITCHES, LLANCARFAN SAM Gm 71 (ST05907002)

Single rampart and ditch; preceded by smaller enclosure of different plan surrounded by stone wall but no ditch.   Section through defences; excavation of small area of interior revealed a round house and evidence for iron and copper working. Pottery (LIA and Roman), metalwork, slags, human remains

Hogg 1976

 

BIGLIS (ST14206940)

Settlement, initially open, then enclosed; two phases roundhouses in interior, followed by Roman-period occupation.   Complete excavation of substantial area of defences and interior; whetstones, slingstones, potboilers, human remains animal bone, pottery and other finds largely Roman.

Parkhouse 1988

 

DINAS POWYS SAM Gm 23 (ST14827203)

Two phases of Iron Age occupation on site of later Early Christian defensive enclosure and vicinity. EIA occupation represented by postholes, LIA by ?unfinished bank. Trenching; Iron Age finds represented by pottery.

Alcock 1955; 1957; 1963

 

CALDICOT (ST473893)

Settlement, possibly enclosed; possible huts, followed by Roman-period occupation. Complete excavation of significant area; finds largely Roman

Vyner and Allen 1988

 

DAN-Y-GRAIG (SS84037803)

Postholes underlying villa activity. No dating evidence, but could be prehistoric.

Newman 1990

 

LLANDOUGH (ST168732)

Iron Age occupation on site of later villa represented by ditches and roundhouse.

Salvage excavation; animal bone (other finds largely Roman).

Owen-John 1988a

 

BURROWS WELL, MERTHYR MAWR (SS85587720)

EIA phase of multiperiod settlement represented by postholes, possibly of a hut. Small excavation; Iron Age finds pottery (EIA), ?brooch fragment, plant macrofossil. Savory 1955a

 

THORNWELL (ST54009198)

Partially enclosed multiperiod settlement, beginning in Bronze Age and going on to Roman period.  Pottery (Bronze Age, Iron Age, Roman), metalwork, human remains, animal bone, molluscs, plant macrofossils, soil studies.

Hughes 1997

 

WHITTON (ST08117133)

Two phases of Iron Age occupation on site of later villa represented by enclosure bank and ditch, roundhouses, and post-hole structures. Total excavation of enclosure; Iron Age finds represented by pottery, ?animal bone

Jarrett and Wrathmell 1981

 

GREENMOOR ARCH (ST400866)

Rectangular timber buildings. Area excavation; pottery (MIA-LIA); radiocarbon dates

Locock 1999

 

GOLDCLIFF

Series of buildings and contemporary trackways and palaeochannels. Area excavation; animal bone, wood ID, insect and other invertebrate identification, pollen analysis, soil studies

Bell et al 2000

 

FONMON CASTLE WOOD (ST04466823)

Partial section through ditch of univallate enclosure. Only datable material was Roman pottery from top of fill; plant macrofossils.

Evans 2000

 

NURSTON (ST055676)

Iron Age occupation on site of Roman ?farmstead represented by a ditch; pottery, animal bone, plant macrofossils (other finds largely Roman).

Evans 2000

 

COWBRIDGE (SS99197478)

Structure in Westgate Street area, underlying Roman occupation; the remains of either a roundhouse or a round barrow. Area excavation; no associated finds.

Valentin and Robinson 2001

 

RAD YR(ST13448003)

Burnt mound. Trenched; pottery (LIA), charcoal ID

Grimes and Hyde 1935

Burials (from A Gwilt, NMGW)

 

CASTLE DITCHES, LLANCARFAN, VALE OF GLAMORGAN (ST 059 700)

Small excavation of the ditch and rampart defences and interior of this multivallate hillfort. Adult female inhumation in an upper fill of the defensive ditch. Hogg 1976

 

COED Y CYMDDA, VALE OF GLAMORGAN (ST 1329 7398)

Large area excavation of interior of hillslope enclosure. Radiocarbon dated disarticulated adult human burial in lower fill of ditch terminal (East entrance, south terminal).

Owen John 1988

 

LLANMELIN CAMP, NEAR CAERWENT, MONMOUTHSHIRE (ST46109257)

Small sized excavation of the defences and interior of this multivallate hillfort with annexe. Two human burials were discovered: an adult male in the south-western ditch of Enclosure A in the annexe and a probable adult female found outside the north-east defences of Enclosure B in the annexe. Both probably belong to the LIA. Nash-Williams 1933; Whimster 1981; Murphy and Williams 1992

 

MERTHYR MAWR WARREN, BRIDGEND (SS 855 771)

1.. (Robert's Cist Burial) A cist containing a crouched inhumation of a child, investigated by archaeologists in 1948. Proximity of Iron Age settlement and a diagnostic bronze ring suggest an Iron Age date.

Savory 1945-48; 1949; Whimster 1981; Murphy and Williams 1992

2.   Cairn covering a crouched inhumation.

Savory 1952; 1956; Whimster 1981; Murphy and Williams 1992

3.          Crouched adult inhumation (female?). Penannular brooch found in close proximity.
Savory 1956; Murphy and Williams 1992

Crouched adult male inhumation, revealed after storm in 1923.

Wheeler 1925; Murphy and Williams 1992 5. Crouched inhumation beneath a small cairn. Savory 1973; Murphy and Williams 1992

 

MYNYDD BYCHAN, LLYSWORNEY, VALE OF GLAMORGAN (SS 963 756)

Large area excavation of the defences and interior of this defended hilltop enclosure / small hillfort. LIA, Early Romano-British and Medieval occupation and complex entrance development sequence.

Three individuals from LIA phase (II): 1. adult male, 2. skull of young adult female, 3. fragmentary adult - sex unknown. Found in upper south ditch terminal fill of the south-western entrance. 2. Accompanied by catch plate of iron brooch and 3. Accompanied by two iron bow brooches of LIA or ERB date. Savory 1950; 1954; 1955; Murphy and Williams 1992

 

NASH POINT, MARCROSS, VALE OF GLAMORGAN (SS 914 684)

Crouched adult male inhumation in lower fill of defensive ditch of an outwork associated with a hillfort. Mutilated before interment.

Extended inhumation probably from same context as 1 above.

Savory 1945-48; 1948-50; Murphy and Williams 1992

 

OLD CASTLE DOWN, VALE OF GLAMORGAN (SS 90 75)

Nineteenth century discovery of the two 'Ogmore helmets' associated with barbed iron dagger, other iron artefacts and human skulls, now lost. Original location of burials recently rediscovered.

Arch Cam 1856 check; Anon. 1871-2; Wheeler 1925; RCAHMW 1976, 6; Savory

1976;   Whimster   1981;   Murphy  and  Williams   1992;   Stead   1995;  Toft  2001;

Macdonald ?;

 

THORNWELL FARM, CHEPSTOW, MONMOUTHSHIRE (ST 539 919)

Large area excavation of an open settlement (LBA/EIA) later surrounded by a stone bank in the LIA/ERB period. One child or adolescent and seven foetal-neonatal human burials discovered, one of which radiocarbon dated to the LIA or Early Romano-British period (1890±60 bp).

Hughes 1996

 

Hoards (from A Gwilt, NMGW)

 

LESSER GARTH, PENTYRCH, CARDIFF (ST 123 822) LIA (100BC-75AD)

Bronze: Large bossed and enamelled terret (La Tene Stage 5 art motifs). Iron: bridle bit, linch-pin, knives (2), latch lifter, billet, chisel, cauldron ring and staple, cauldron hanger, cauldron chain.

Savory 1966 NMGW (Ace. No. 65.82)

 

SEVEN SISTERS, NEATH-PORT TALBOT (CHECK NGR) LIA/CONQUEST (25- 75AD)

Hoard found scattered in a stream-bed. Casual discovery during the C19th. Possibility that some pieces were lost.

List to add here.

Allen 1905; Taylor and Brailsford 1985

 

Significant single finds (from A Gwilt, NMGW)

 

CHEPSTOW, MONMOUTHSHIRE (PROBABLY) (ST 5170 9796)

Bronze animal head, highly stylised (LA Tene III decoration). Possible mount for a rectangular container. Metal detector find.

Megaw, Megaw and Trett 1992 Newport Museum 88.104

 

CHEPSTOW, MONMOUTHSHIRE

Strap union

Taylor and Brailsford 1985 Private possession

 

CAERWENT, MONMOUTHSHIRE

Tankard handle. Unstratified find in the Romano-British town of Caerwent. First century AD.

Simpson 1972 Newport Museum

 

CAERWENT, MONMOUTHSHIRE

Worton Type sword hilt. Context unknown. First century AD.

Boon 1974 NMGW

 

Re-use of earlier monuments

 

MARLBOROUGH     GRANGE     BARROW,     LLANBLETHIAN,     VALE     OF GLAMORGAN (SS 9734 7351)

EIA occupation layer discovered during excavation of an Early Bronze Age barrow. Pottery (EIA)

Savory 1969

 

 

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