A Research Framework for the Archaeology of Wales

Southeast Wales – Palaeoenvironmental Evidence

22/12/2003

 

 

Broad categories of evidence are indicated. Animal bone may include bird and fish bone, plant macrofossils includes carbonised and/or waterlogged plant remains and soil studies may include phosphate, soil studies micromorphology etc . Full details and references to appear in Environmental Archaeology in Wales 2nd edition

 

Palaeolithic

 

Bacon Hole

Animal bone, molluscs.

 

Bosco's Den

Animal bone (no Palaeolithic evidence).

 

Cathole Cave

Animal bone, pollen, molluscs

 

Lewes Castle Cave

Animal bone (no Palaeolithic evidence).

 

Long Hole

Animal bone, pollen, molluscs

 

Minchin Hole

Animal bone, molluscs

 

Paviland Cave/Goat's Hole

Animal bone, sediment.

 

Hound's Hole/Goat's Hole West/Little Paviland

Animal bone, sediment.

 

Foxhole Cave

Animal bone, sediment.

 

Worm's Head Cave Animal bone

 

Selected pollen sites Llanilid

 

Mesolithic

 

Goldcliff

Pollen, wood id., insects.

 

Uskmouth

Pollen, foraminifera, sediments.

 

Neolithic

 

Cefn Cilsanws

Hazelnuts, charcoal id.

 

Nicholaston

Charcoal id.

 

Ogmore on Sea

Plant macrofossil impression.

 

Ogmore, Fairwood Common

Plant macrofossil impression.

 

Rumney

Animal bone.

 

Uskmouth

Animal bone.

 

Bronze Age

 

Beech Court Farm, Ewenny

Pollen, plant macrofossils, charcoal id.

 

Bridgend Standing Stone

Charcoal id.

 

Caldicot

Animal bone, pollen, plant macrofossils, wood id, roundwood studies, dendrochronology, diatoms, molluscs, ostracods, insects.

 

Chapel Tump I

Plant macrofossil, wood id.

 

Chapel Tump II

Animal bone, plant macrofossils, charcoal id.

 

Coed y Cymdda

Animal bone

 

Cold Harbour

Animal bone, plant macrofossils, wood id.

 

Crick

Charcoal id.

 

Crug-yr-Avon

Pollen.

 

Goldcliff

Pollen, plant macrofossils, wood id., dendrochronology, diatoms.

 

Llanbleddian

Charcoal, soil studies.

 

Marlborough Grange

Plant macrofossils, charcoal id.

 

Pant Sychbant

Pollen.

 

Pant Sychbant (cairn)

Pollen

 

Pond Cairn

Animal bone, plant macrofossils, charcoal id.

 

Princetown Hoard peat site

Pollen, plant macrofossils, wood id.

 

Redwick

Animal bone, pollen, plant macrofossils, wood id., insects.

 

Rumney Great Wharf

Animal bone, pollen, plant macrofossil, wood id.

 

St. Brides Soil studies.

 

Sant-y-nyll

Animal bone.

 

Simondston Cairn

Animal bone, charcoal id.

 

Welsh St. Donat's

Plant macrofossils.

 

Iron Age and Romano-British

 

Barland's Farm Roman Boat

Pollen, plant macrofossils, wood id., dendrochronology, molluscs,sediments.

 

Biglis

Animal bone, plant macrofossils, molluscs.

 

Bishopston Burch

Charcoal id.

 

Caerleon

Animal bone, plant macrofossils, charcoal id., wood id.,dendrochronology, molluscs.

 

Caerwent

Animal bone, plant macrofossils, molluscs.

 

Castle Ditches

Animal bone.

 

Church Farm, Caldicot

Animal bone, plant macrofossils.

 

Castle Wood,

Fonmon Plant macrofossils.

 

Coldknap, Barry.

Animal bone, charcoal id., molluscs.

 

Cowbridge

Animal bone, plant macrofossils, charcoal id.

 

Dan y Graig

Plant macrofossils.

 

Goldcliff

Animal bone, pollen, plant macrofossils,wood id, tree-ring studies,dendrochronology,

insects, mites, diatoms, soil studies.

 

Goldcliff Hill Farm Pond

Pollen, plant macrofossils.

 

Great Pencarn Farm, Newport

Animal bone, pollen, plant macrofossils, diatoms.

 

Gwent Levels Wetland Reserve

Pollen, plant macrofossils, charcoal id.,

 

Hill Farm, Gwent Levels Wetland Reserve

Pollen, plant macrofossils, diatoms, foraminifera, sediments.

 

High Pennard

Charcoal id.

 

Harding's Down

Pollen.

 

Llandough

Animal bone.

 

Llanmelin

Animal bone.

 

Llantwit Major

Animal bones, molluscs.

 

Loughor Roman Fort

Animal bones, plant macrofossils, molluscs.

 

Llyn Fawr Hoard

Pollen.

 

Magor Pill

Animal bone.

 

Mynydd Bychan

Animal bone, charcoal id., molluscs.

 

Nash

Animal bone, pollen, plant macrofossils, diatoms, foraminifera, soilstudies.

 

Nurston

Plant macrofossils.

 

Roman Marching Camp

Pollen.

 

Rumney Great Wharf

Animal bone, pollen, plant macro fossils, charcoal id., wood id.

 

Sudbrook Camp

Pollen (not preserved), animal bone, charcoal id.

 

Thornwell Farm, Chepstow

Animal bone, pollen, plant macrofossils, molluscs, soil studies.

 

Upton Track

Pollen, plant macrofossils, wood id., sediments.

 

Usk

Animal bone, plant macrofossils, soil studies.

 

Whitton

Animal bone, plant macrofossils, molluscs, insects.

 

Early Medieval, Medieval and Post-medieval

 

Atlantic Trading Estate

Plant macrofossils

 

Barry, Medieval Village

Animal bone, molluscs.

 

Hen Gastell, Briton Ferry

Animal bone.

 

Caerleon

Animal bone.

 

Cefn Drum

Botanical, soil studies.

 

Cefn Hirgoed

Pollen.

 

Coldknap, Barry.

Animal bone, charcoal id.

 

Cosmeston

Animal bone, plant macrofossils, molluscs, soil studies.

 

Cowbridge

Animal bone, pollen, plant macrofossils, wood id.

 

Crossridge Dykes

Pollen

 

Dinas Powys

Animal bone, soil studies.

 

nr Kenfig Castle ?animal bone

 

Hen Gwrt, Llantillo

Animal bone, molluscs.

 

Langstone Villa

Plant macrofossils

 

Llandough

Animal bone .

 

Llanelen charcoal platform

Animal bone, charcoal id.

 

Llanelen

Molluscs.

 

Llantrithyd

Animal bone.

 

Loughor Castle

Animal bone, plant macrofossils, charcoal id., molluscs.

 

Magor Pill

Animal bone, pollen, plant macrofossils, wood id., dendrochronology, diatoms,

animal fibres.

 

Merthyrgeryn Grange

Animal bone.


 

Monmouth

Animal bone, pollen, plant macrofossils, charcoal id.,wood id.

 

Monnow Bridge

Dendrochronology.

 

Pelenna

Pollen.

 

Redwick fishtraps

Wood id, dendochronology failed

 

Rhossili

Animal bone, molluscs.

 

Rumney Castle

Animal bone, plant macrofossils.

 

Rumney Great Wharf

Wood id, geochemistry.

 

Sudbrook Fishtraps

Wood id., tree-ring studies, dendrochronology.

 

Tintern Abbey

Animal bone.

 

Usk

Animal bone, mineralised seeds.

 

 

 

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