A Research Framework for the Archaeology of Wales

Southeast Wales – Radiocarbon dates

22/12/2003

 

 

Palaeolithic

 

Location

NGR

Lab Code

C14 Date

Cal

Range

Material

Description

 

Foxhole, Paviland Complex, Gower

SS 43836 86014

OxA-8311

10785 ± 65

 

Bone

Reindeer tibia

 

Foxhole

SS 43836 86014

OxA-

8312

10685± 65

 

Bone

Reindeer astragalus

 

Foxhole

SS 43836 86014

OxA-8313

10200± 60

 

Bone

Artie hare radius

 

Goat's Hole, Paviland Complex, Gower

SS 4372 8588

OxA-1815

26350      ± 550 BP

 

Bone

Burial. Pleistocene fauna,  palaeolithic artefacts   etc.   The 'Red     Lady     of Paviland'     burial, c25   yr   old   Cro-Magnon         male found    with    sea shells,   ivory  rods and rings and red iron oxide

 

Goat's Hole

SS 4372 8588

OxA-

8025

25840 ± 280 BP

 

Bone

Human bone

 

Goat's Hole

SS 4372 8588

OxA-

1790

23670 ± 400 BP

 

Bone

Bone spatula

 

Goat's Hole

SS 4372 8588

OxA-7081

22780 ± 320 BP

 

Bone

Bone spatula

 

Goat's Hole

SS 4372 8588

OxA-

7082

>38100BP

 

Bone

Coelodonta antiquitatis

 

Goat's Hole

SS 4372 8588

OxA-7086

35200 ± 1500BP

 

Bone

Coelodonta antiquitatis

 

Goat's Hole

SS 4372 8588

OxA-

6934

34250 ± 950 BP

 

Bone

Coelodonta antiquitatis

 

Location

NGR

Lab Code

C14 Date

Cal Range

Material

Description

Goat's Hole

SS 4372 8588

OxA-

6937

33400 ± 800 BP

 

Bone

Coelodonta antiquitatis

Goat's Hole

SS 4372 8588

OxA-

6936

32500 ± 700 BP

 

Bone

Coelodonta antiquitatis

Goat's Hole

SS 4372 8588

OxA-

6935

29220 ± 460 BP

 

Bone

Coelodonta antiquitatis

Goat's Hole

SS 4372 8588

OxA-

7089

>37800 BP

 

Antler

Rangifer tarandus

Goat's Hole

SS 4372 8588

OxA-

7085

35400 ± 1600BP

 

Antler

Rangifer tarandus

Goat's Hole

SS 4372 8588

OxA-

7083

33600 ± 1200BP

 

Antler

Rangifer tarandus

Goat's Hole

SS 4372 8588

OxA-

7084

28500 ± 650 BP

 

Antler

Rangifer tarandus

Goat's Hole

SS 4372 8588

OxA-6985

19980± 220 BP

 

Bone

Rangifer tarandus

Goat's Hole

SS 4372 8588

OxA-

6932

32600 ± 950 BP

 

Bone

Bison priscus

Goat's Hole

SS 4372 8588

OxA-6924

3 1600 ± 850 BP

 

Bone

Bison priscus

Goat's Hole

SS 4372 8588

OxA-

6931

31100± 800 BP

 

Bone

Bison priscus

Goat's Hole

SS 4372 8588

OxA-6984

27140 ± 360 BP

 

Bone

Bison priscus

Goat's Hole

SS 4372 8588

OxA-

6925

29850 ± 700 BP

 

Bone

Bison sp/Bos sp

Goat's

Hole

SS 4372 8588

BM-

1367

27600 ± 1300 BP

 

Bone

Bison sp/Bos sp

Goat's Hole

SS 4372 8588

OxA-6926

26820 ± 460 BP

 

Bone

Bison sp/Bos sp

Goat's Hole

SS 4372 8588

OxA-6928

25940 ± 420 BP

 

Tooth

Equusferus

Goat's Hole

SS 4372 8588

OxA-

6927

23580 ± 320 BP

 

Tooth

Equus ferus

Goat's Hole

SS 4372 8588

OxA-

6930

30450 ± 750 BP

 

Tooth

Megalocerus giganteus

Goat's Hole

SS 4372 8588

OxA-

7111

24140 ± 400 BP

 

Ivory

Mammoth      ivory pendant

Goat's Hole

SS 4372 8588

OxA-

7108

22620 ± 340 BP

 

Ivory

Mammuthus primigenius


Location

NGR

Lab Code

C14 Date

Cal Range

Material

Description

Goat's Hole

SS 4372 8588

OxA-

7112

21100± 550 BP

 

Ivory

Mammoth      ivory lissoir-like object

Goat's Hole

SS 4372 8588

OxA-6929

15250 ± 120 BP

 

Bone

Cervus elaphus

Goat's Hole

SS 4372 8588

OxA-

6923

30300 ± 700 BP

 

Tooth

Ursus arctos

Goat's Hole

SS 4372 8588

OxA-

6933

29300 ± 480 BP

 

Bone

Ursus arctos

Goat's Hole

SS 4372 8588

OxA-6982

27860 ± 400 BP

 

Tooth

Ursus arctos

Goat's Hole

SS 4372 8588

OxA-

6922

26820 ± 460 BP

 

Tooth

Ursus arctos

Goat's Hole

SS 4372 8588

OxA-6983

24760 ± 260 BP

 

Tooth

Ursus arctos

Goat's Hole

SS 4372 8588

OxA-6981

17670± 140 BP

 

Tooth

Ursus arctos

Goat's Hole

SS 4372 8588

OxA-6980

27750 ± 500 BP

 

Tooth

Crocuta crocuta

Goat's Hole

SS 4372 8588

OxA-

7087

17880± 180BP

 

Bone

Crocuta crocuta

Goat's Hole

SS 4372 8588

OxA-6994

27400 ± 500 BP

 

Tooth

Cam's lupus

Goat's Hole

SS 4372 8588

OxA-6986

27060 ± 360 BP

 

Tooth

Canis lupus

Goat's Hole

SS 4372 8588

OxA-6884

23800 ± 220 BP

 

Tooth

Canis lupus

Goat's Hole

SS 4372 8588

OxA-

6921

27900 ± 550 BP

 

Bone

Vulpes   sp/Alopex sp

Goat's Hole

SS 4372 8588

OxA-

7789

28860 ± 260 BP

 

Bone

Charred         bone, undet species

Goat's Hole

SS 4372 8588

OxA-

7877

27780 ± 320 BP

 

Bone

Charred         bone, undet species

Goat's Hole

SS 4372 8588

OxA-

365

29600 ± 1900BP

 

Bone

Charred         bone, undet species

Goat's Hole

SS 4372 8588

OxA-

7343

21940 ± 320 BP

 

Bone

Unidentified

Llanilid

 

AA-17682

10960±110

 

 

 


Mesolithic

 

Location

NGR

Lab Code

C14Date

Cal Range

Material

Description

Barland's Farm, Gwent

Levels

 

Beta-

72510

5380±50

4350-4040

Peat

Woody fen peat

Barland's Farm,

Gwent Levels

 

Beta-

72511

5920±50

4940-

4720

Peat

Basal fine organic mud

Foxhole, Paviland Complex, Gower

SS     43836 86014

OxA-

8316

6785± 50 BP

 

Tooth

Human

Goat's Hole, Paviland Complex, Gower

SS       4372 8588

OxA-681

7190± 80 BP

 

Bone

Paviland 2, human bone

Goldcliff

ST     37735 81852

Beta-60761

6770±70

5740-5490

Wood

Young oak in peat at -3.7m od from thin basal peat

Goldcliff

 

OxA-6683

6760±80

5750-5450

C. Elaphus bone

Cut deer bone

Goldcliff

ST     37997 81905

Car-1502

6480±70

5490-5330

Charcoal

Charcoal      below peat, gf east, -3.9m od

Goldcliff

ST 369 820

GU-2759

6430±80

5440-5280

Charcoal

Charcoal layer

Goldcliff

ST     36906 81938

SWAN-28

6420±80

5440-5280

Charcoal

Charcoal, mesolithic        site trench 50

Goldcliff

ST     38076 82205

Car-659

5950±80

4950-4720

Peat

Site     1,     165cm, phragmites peat

Goldcliff

ST     36918 82005

Car-1501

5920±80

5060-4660

Peat

Base  of fenwood peat, pit 15, c 0.7m od

Goldcliff

ST     38076 82205

Car-658

5850±80

4890-4570

Peat

Site     1,     160cm, phragmites peat

Goldcliff

 

GrN-

24143

5820±50

4790-4540

Peat

Monolith 1722


Location

NGR

Lab Code

C14 Date

Cal Range

Material

Description

Goldcliff

ST 36917 82005

SWAN-236

5720±80

4770-4360

Peat

Base of fen peat, pit 15, 141-143 cm

Goldcliff

ST 36917 82005

SWAN-235

5660±80

4720-4350

Peat

Fen peat, pit 15, 121-123cm

Goldcliff

ST 37859 82090

Car-

778

5660±80

4720-4350

Peat

Site 2, 53 cm, 'muddy' deposit with abundant wood, some reeds present

Goldcliff

ST 38076 82205

Car-657

5530±90

4700-4150

Peat

Site 1, 138 cm, laminated reedy wood peat

Goldcliff

ST 37859 82090

Car-776

5480±80

4510-4040

Peat

Site 2, 45 cm, base of reedswamp peat

Goldcliff

ST 38076 82205

Car-655

5440±80

4460-4040

Peat

Site 1, 115 cm, reedswamp peat

Goldcliff

 

OxA-6682

5415±75

4460-4040

Corylus avellana

Hazelnut

Goldcliff

ST 38076

82205

Car-656

5360±80

4360-4000

Peat

Site 1, 122 cm, reedswamp peat

Goldcliff

ST 35781 82120

SWAN-32

5190±80

4240-3780

Phragmites peat

Base of peat below building 6, 0.335-0.345 m OD

Goldcliff

ST 36917 82005

SWAN-234

5190±80

4240-3780

Peat

Fen peat, pit 15, 101-103 cm

Goldcliff

ST 37859 82090

Car-

775

5180±80

4240-3780

Peat

Site 2, 32 cm, transition reed peat to wood peat

Goldcliff

ST 3692 8194

 

 

5500-5200 BC

 

Settlement. Charcoal,      lithics scatter             and butchered    animal bone      on      soil horizon        below peat,   representing temporary base for hunting.    C    site 1202

Gwent Levels Wetland Reserve

 

Beta-

155550

6360±40

 

 

Monolith 1006 40-44


Location

NGR

Lab Code

C14 Date

Cal Range

Material

Description

Longley, Inner Estuary

ST761 128

Beta-

80693?

6130±80

5250-4840

Peat

Base of peat

Magor

ST     43346 84265

OxA-

2626

5720±80

4770-4360

Peat

Peat             below footprints •

Magor

 

Beta-73059

5680±70

4720-4360

Peat

Start      of     peat accumulation      at magor

Sudbrook

ST     49953 86611

Beta-79886

6660±80

5670-5430

Peat

Peat, C333-340

Sudbrook

ST     49495 96313

Beta-79887

6360±70

5440-5140

Organic mud

Freshwater  silt  & clay, oscar 3,  10-34cm

Sudbrook

ST     49437 86766

Beta-

54829

6040±70

5080-

4780

Wood

Alnus root in ice wedge cast, s3

Sudbrook

ST     49437 86766

Beta-54827

5760±70

4780-4460

Wood

Submerged forest, s3

Uskmouth

ST     33708 82046

Car-1178

6260±90

5280-5060

Organic mud

Organic mud , site d

Uskmouth

ST     33478 82061

OxA-

2627

6250±80

5280-5060

Organic mud

Organic mud, site a

Uskmouth

ST     33478 82061

OxA-

2628

5810±80

4780-4540

Peat

Lower         woody peat, site a

Uskmouth

ST       3408 8193

OxA-

4574

6180±80

5260-5000

Antler

Perforated     antler mattock

Uskmouth

ST     33761 81979

OxA-

3307

6140±100

5240-4940

Peat

Lowermost    peat, above footprints

Vurlong Keen      I, Gwent

Levels

ST 452 873

Beta-

63595

5760±70

4780-4460

Peat

Beginning of tilia decline

Vurlong Keen      I, Gwent

Levels

ST 452 873

Beta-

63594

5420±70

4460-4040

Peat

Alder peat


Neolithic

Early Neolithic

 

Location

NGR

Lab Code

C14 Date

Cal Range

Material

Description

Goldcliff

ST 38076 82205

Car-654

5090±80

4250-3700

Peat

Site 1, 101 cm, reedswamp peat

Goldcliff

ST 38076 82205

Car-

652

5020±80

4000-3680

Peat

Site 1, 95 cm, tilia decline

Goldcliff

ST 37859 82090

Car-774

4980±80

3980-3630

Peat

Site 2, 26 cm, raised bog peat

Goldcliff

ST 36918

82005

Car-1500

4900±60

3910-

3520

Sphagnum

Base of raised bog peat, Pit 15

 

Neolithic

 

Location

NGR

Lab Code

C 14 Date

 Cal Range

Material

Description

Barland's Farm, Gwent Levels

 

Beta-72508

4480±60

3360-2930

Peat

Raised bog peat

Barland's Farm,

Gwent Levels

 

Beta-72509

4810±70

3780-3370

Peat

Base of raised bog peat

Caldicot

Levels

 

Car-1322

4370±80

 

Fill

Palaeochannel G. 1

Caldicot

Levels

 

Car-1323

4670±80

 

Fill

Palaeochannel G. 1

Cefn-yr-Esgryn

 

CAR-

1467

4190±70

 

 

Monolith 2 45

Foxhole, Paviland Complex, Gower

SS      43836 86014

OxA-

8410

4900±220

 

Bone

Burnt               bone

fragments

Foxhole

SS       43836 86014

OxA-8315

4940±45

 

Bone

Human phalange

Foxhole

SS       43836 86014

OxA-8318

4840±45

 

Bone

Human phalange


Location

NGR

Lab Code

C 14 Date

Cal Range

Material

Description

Foxhole

SS       43836 86014

OxA-

8317

4625±40

 

Tooth

Human

Goldcliff

ST      38076 82205

Car-

651

4740±80

3700-3350

Peat

Site 1, 88 cm, base of raised bog peat

Goldcliff

ST      38076 82205

Car-

653

4720±80

3700-3340

Peat

Site 1, 98 cm, reedswamp peat

Goldcliff

ST      38076 82205

Car-650

4660±80

3650-3100

Peat

Site 1, 77 cm, raised bog peat

Goldcliff

ST      38076 82205

Car-649

4440±80

3340-2930

Peat

Site 1, 60 cm, raised bog peat

Goldcliff

ST       36917 82005

SWAN-233

4520±80

3500-2900

Sph/Cal peat

Raised bog peat, heather?, Pit 15,61-63 cm

Goldcliff

ST      36917 82005

OxA-

7783

4350±35

3090-2910

Sph/Cal peat

Raised bog peat below human cranium, Pit 15

Goldcliff

ST       36917 82005

OxA-

7782

4305±35

3040-2780

Sph/ Cal peat

Raised bog peat above human cranium, Pit 1 5

Goldcliff

 

GrN-

24144

4440±45

3340-2920

Peat

Monolith 2099

Goldcliff

ST      37859 82090

Car-

773

4390±80

3340-2890

Peat

Site 2, 7 cm, transition to raised bog peat

Goldcliff

 

SWAN-133

4320±80

3350-2650

Peat

Base of woodpeat, hill farm pond, c 4m od

Newport Interceptor Sewer

 

Wk-9822

4437±70

5300-4860 BP/

3350-2910 BC

 

 

Rumney

ST      22946 77465

Car-851

4060±70

2880-2460

Bone

Aurochs bone

Uskmouth

ST        3392 8212

Car-1096

4660±70

3640-3130

Bone

Aurochs skeleton

Vurlong Reen     II,

Gwent Levels

ST 452 873

Beta-63598

4790±60

3700-3370

Peat

Alder fenwood, first tilia decline


Location

NGR

Lab Code

C14Date

Cal Range

Material

Description

Vurlong Reen       I, Gwent Levels

ST 452 873

Beta-63593

4250±70

3040-2610

Peat

Alder peat, rapid rise & fall of tilia shortly after this date

Vurlong Reen      II, Gwent Levels

ST 452 873

Beta-63597

4320±70

3350-2650

Peat

Alder fen wood, regional woodland recovery after this date

Late Neolithic

 

Location

NGR

Lab

Code

C14

Date

Cal

Range

Material

Description

Goldcliff

ST        38076

Car-

4050±70

2880-

Peat

Site 1, 43 cm, light

 

82205

648

 

2460

 

brown              little

 

 

 

 

 

 

humified      calluna

 

 

 

 

 

 

peat

Newport

ST 317 841

OxA-

3995±45

2860-

Bone

Human cranium

 

 

7656

 

2390

 

 

Rumney

ST 2294 7745

CAR

4060±70

2875-

Bone

The incomplete and

 

 

851

be

2464

 

partially  articulated

 

 

 

 

BC

 

skeleton      of     an

 

 

 

 

 

 

aurochs             was

 

 

 

 

 

 

excavated   by   the

 

 

 

 

 

 

NMW and GGAT

Vurlong

ST 452 873

Beta-

4010±60

2970-

Peat

Alder    fen    wood,

Reen     II,

 

63596

 

2460

 

marking   woodland

Gwent

 

 

 

 

 

clearance

Levels

 

 

 

 

 

 

Vurlong

ST 452 873

Beta-

3950±70

2900-

Peat

Base of sedge peat,

Reen      I,

 

63592

 

2200

 

marks       woodland

Gwent

 

 

 

 

 

decline

Levels

 

 

 

 

 

 

Neolithic/Bronze Age

 

Location

NGR

Lab

Code

C14 Date

Cal Range

Material

Description

Cefn Glas

 

CAR-

359

3880±70

 

 

Site B Series 1 95-98


Location

NGR

Lab Code

C14 Date

Cal Range

Material

Description

Cefn Glas

 

CAR-

360

3820±70

 

 

Site B Series 2 93-95

Peterstone

ST        26218 79174

GrN-

24149

3910±60

2580-2200

Wood

Post 523 in palaeochanhel

 

Bronze Age

Early Bronze Age

 

Location

NGR

Lab Code

CI4 Date

Cal Range

Material

Description

Barland's Farm, Gwent Levels

 

Beta-

72507

3740±60

2450-1970

Peat

Raised bog, marks beginning of woodland clearance and tilia decline

Cefn Ffordd

 

Car

3625±80

 

 

 

Cefn Glas

 

CAR-

358

3670±70

 

 

Site B Series 1 93-95

Goldcliff

ST 36917 82005

SWAN-232

3780±70

2460-2030

Sph/ Cal peat

Raised bog peat, Pit 15, 19-21 cm

Goldcliff

ST 38076 82205

Car-

647

3780±70

2460-2030

Peat

Site 1, 33 cm, light brown little humified calluna peat

Goldcliff

ST 36148 82062

SWAN-134

3680±70

2290-1880

Peat

26 cm below surface of raised bog peat below building 2

Goldcliff

ST 38076 82205

Car-646

3670±70

2290-1880

Peat

Site 1, 30 cm, well humified calluna peat

Bronze Age

 

Location

NGR

Lab

Code

C14 Date

Cal Range

Material

Description

Beech Farm, Ewenny

SS 9041 7657

Beta-

148233

3490± 60 BP

1890

1730 BC

Fill      of post pit

Hilltop enclosure

Caldicot

Levels

 

Car-

1314

3550± 70

 

Fill

Palaeochannel C.2.1 (472)

Caldicot Levels

 

Car-

1317

3620± 80

 

Fill-

Palaeochannel C.2.1

(472)


Location

NGR

Lab Code

C14 Date

Cal

Range

Material

Description

Caldicot

Levels

 

 

Car-

1319

3060±

70

 

 

Fill

 

Palaeochannel E.6.1

 

Caldicot

Levels

 

 

Car-

1320

3160±

70

 

 

Fill

 

Palaeochannel E.3.1

 

Caldicot

Levels

 

 

Car-

1321

3440±

60

 

 

Fill

 

Palaeochannel E.3.1

 

Caldicot

Levels

 

 

Car-

1407

3000±

60

 

 

Fill

 

Palaeochannel C.3.4

 

Caldicot

Levels

 

 

Car-

1409

no date

pub­lished

 

 

Fill

 

Palaeochannel A.3.1

 

Caldicot

Levels

 

 

Car-

1411

3390±

70

 

 

Fill

 

Palaeochannel C.3.3

 

Caldicot

Levels

 

 

Car-

1412

3380±

70

 

 

Fill

 

Palaeochannel E.3.1

 

Caldicot

Levels

 

 

Car-

1413

3380±

70

 

 

Fill

 

Palaeochannel C.3.1

 

Caldicot

Levels

 

 

Car-

1414

3290±

70

 

 

Fill

 

Palaeochannel C.3.1

 

Caldicot

Levels

 

 

Car-

1415

3430±

70

 

 

Fill

 

Palaeochannel C.2.1

 

Caldicot

Levels

 

 

CB-

3472

3439±

19

 

 

Fill

 

Palaeochannel B.3.3

 

Cefn

Bryn, Great

Carn

Ring Cairn 1

 

 

 

SS 4907 9072

 

 

 

 

 

 

Birm-

1150

 

 

 

 

 

3415±

70 BP

 

 

 

 

 

1520

-

1900

BC

or 1640

-

1820

/

1870

BC

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


 

Location

NGR

Lab Code

C14 Date

Cal Range

Material

Description

Cefn

Bryn, Great

Cam

Ring Cairn 2

 

 

 

SS 4908 9075

 

 

 

 

 

 

Birm-

1179

 

 

 

 

 

3510±

60 BP

 

 

 

 

 

1685

-

1990

/203

0 BC or

1750

-

1925

BC

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cefh

Ffordd

 

 

Car

 

2970±

50

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cefn

Ffordd

 

 

Car

 

3155±

55

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cefn Glas

 

 

 

CAR-

361

3440±

80

 

 

 

 

Site B Series 2 98-

100

Cefn Glas

 

 

 

CAR-

357

3400±

70

 

 

 

 

Site B Series 1 89-91

 

Cefn Glas

 

 

 

CAR-

351

3340±

70

 

 

 

 

Site A 139-140

 

Cefn Glas

 

 

 

CAR-

350

3370±

70

 

 

 

 

Site A 138-139

 

Cefn Glas

 

 

 

CAR-

356

3040±

70

 

 

 

 

Site B Series 1 85-87

 

Coed     y Cymdda, Wenvoe

 

ST 1329 7398

 

CAR-

304

 

3105± 65

 

 

 

 

 

Bone,     antler    and charcoal       samples from          excavated

enclosure.

Chapeltu mp

ST          44578 85189

Car-992

3170± 70

1620

-

1260

Wood

Roundhouse, pointed birch    stake    from northern     part     of circumference, f7

Chapeltu mp

ST          44601 85126

Car-956

3080± 70

1520

-

1130

Bone

Human femur

Collister

Pill

ST          45620

85640

GrN-

24152

3050±

65

1450

-

1100

Wood

 

Brushwood         425

trackway

Goldcliff

 

 

ST          37072

82099

 

Car-

1505

 

3670±

60

 

2280

-

1890

 

Charcoal

 

 

Charcoal         below

marine               clay, correlates with tilia

decline


Location

NGR

Lab Code

C14 Date

Cal Range

Material

Description

Goldcliff

ST           36918 82005

Car-1499

3640± 60

2200

-

1880

Peat

Top of raised bog, pit 15, evidence of erosive hiatus at top

Goldcliff

 

GrN-

24148

3500± 30

1910

-

1740

Peat

Monolith 171 8

Goldcliff

ST          38076 82205

Car-

645

3440± 70

1950

--

1530

Peat

Site     1,     17     cm, compressed sphagnum peat with calluna

Goldcliff

ST          38076 82205

Car-

644

3130± 70

1610

-

1210

Peat

Site 1 , uppermost raised bog peat

Goldcliff

 

GrN-

24147

3360± 40

1750

-

1520

Peat

Monolith 171 8

Goldcliff

 

SWAN -104

3180±

70

1640

-

1300

Alnus charcoal

Charcoal layer in pond, top of peat

Goldcliff

ST          36917 82005

OxA-

7744

3095± 40

1450

-

1260

Bone

Human cranium, pit 15

Ilston

Valley

 

 

3170± 70

 

 

 

Levels

ST          44578 85189

 

3040± 49

 

 

Truncated part of roundhouse

Newport Interceptor Sewer

 

Wk-

9823

3005±

52

3350

-

3000 BP / 1400

-

1050 BC

 

 

Peterstone

ST 2638 7928

GrN-24150

3000± 70

1420

-

1040

Wood

Peg 458 in palaeochannel

Redwick

ST          42244 83683

SWAN -227

3060± 70

1510

-

1100

Wood

Building 1, easternmost . axial post(25)ofbetula


Location

NGR

Lab Code

C14 Date

Cal Range

Material

Description

Redwick

ST           42205 83680

SWAN -228

2950± 70

1400 -990

Wood

Building 5, north west corner quercus post

Redwick

ST          42374 93752

SWAN -226

2940± 70

1390 -940

Wood

Building 2, south wall corylus avellana post (73)

Redwick

ST          42396 93746

SWAN -225

293 0± 70

1320 -930

Wood

Building 4, eastern axial quercus post (205)

Rumney

ST          23990 77944

Beta-46951

3080± 50

1510

-

1210

Wood

Roundhouse

Rumney

ST          23660 77815

Beta-

61746

2950± 110

1450 -900

Wood

Derived wood from ditch a5

Slimbridge,     Inner Estuary

ST 723 029

Beta-80696

3110± 50

1520

-

1260

Peat

Top of peat below clay

Vurlong Reen     I, Gwent Levels

ST 452 873

Beta-63591

3380± 60

1880

-

1520

Peat

Sedge peat

Western Valley Pipeline

 

Wk-9826

3028± 58

3380

-

3030 BP 1430

-

1080 BC

 

 

 

Late Bronze Age

 

Location

NGR

Lab Code

C14 Date

Cal Range

Material

Description

Barland's Farm,

Gwent Levels

 

Beta-

72506

2900±60

1300-920

Peat

Uppermost organic layer


Location

NGR

Lab Code

C14 Date

Cal

Range

Material

Description

Caldicot Castle Lake

ST 4873 8863

CAR-1215

2750± bp

 

Wood

Brushwood trackway      which traversed the relict channels on an E-W              bearing. Constructed    from roundwood bundles, whole log uprights, limestone blocks              and domestic rubbish

Caldicot Levels

 

Car-

1416

2710±70

 

Fill

Palaeochannel B.7.1 (1401)

Caldicot

Levels

 

Car-1316

2750±60

 

Fill

Palaeochannel

E.7.2

Caldicot

Levels

 

Car-1318

2800±70

 

Fill

Palaeochannel

G.7.1

Caldicot Levels

 

Car-

1410

2810±70

 

Fill

Palaeochannel D.6.1

Caldicot Levels

 

Car-1216

2850±60

 

Fill

Palaeochannel A.6/7.1 (9014)

Caldicot Levels

 

Car-

1217

2910±70

 

Fill

Palaeochannel A.6/7.1 (9014)

Caldicot Levels

 

Car-1315

2930±70

 

Fill

Palaeochannel

G.6/7.1

Caldicot

Levels

 

Car-1214

2940±70

 

Fill

Palaeochannel D.7.1 (22441)

Cefn Glas

 

CAR-

349

2840±70

 

 

Site A 123-125

Cefn Glas

 

CAR-

348

2700±70

 

 

Site A 120- 123

Chapeltump

ST 44578 85189

Car-

402

2910±70

1370-920

Wood

Roundhouse, central        pointed oak(?) Post fl

Chapeltump

ST 4460 8512

Car-961

2830±70

1220-830

Wood

Oak post

Cold Harbour

ST 42784 83977

Car-991

2900±60

1300-920

Charcoal

Charcoal scatter

Goldcliff

ST 35781 82120

SWAN-31

2760±70

1100-800

Peat

Raised   bog   peat within building 6, surface   truncated, 0.843-0.84m od


Location

 

NGR

 

Lab

Code

C14

Date

Cal

Range

Material

 

Description

 

Goldcliff

 

ST      36599

82052

Car-

1434

2720±70

 

1040-

790

Alnus

glutinosa

Boat             plank,

horizontal, cut

Goldcliff

 

 

 

OxA-

6461

2685±45

 

920-

800

Canid

bone

Unstratified

mandible of young

 

 

 

 

 

 

adult dog/wolf

Rumney

 

 

ST      23639

77835

 

Beta-

44058

 

2890±50

 

 

1260-

920

 

Wood

 

 

Alder  wood  from

peat below organic

silt at rumney-1

Rumney

 

 

ST      24473

78309

 

Beta-

61751

 

2800±80

 

 

1220-

810

 

Peat

 

 

Derived         peaty

material  ditch  c3,

filll

Western

Valley

Pipeline

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Wk-

9824

 

 

 

 

2932±44

 

 

 

 

 

3250-

2940

BP    /

1300-

990

BC

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Western

Valley

Pipeline

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Wk-

9825

 

 

 

 

2863±84

 

 

 

 

 

3020-

2770

BP    /

1270-

830

BC

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Bronze Age/Iron Age

 

Location

NGR

Lab Code

C14Dafc

Cal Range

Material

Description

Caldicot Levels

 

Car-1408

2580±70

 

Fill

Palaeochannel

D.7.1 (22441)

Chapeltump

ST 4460 8512

Car-899

2520±70

810-410

Charcoal

Charcoal from occupation site

Coed        y Cymdda,

Wenvoe

ST 1329 7398

CAR-

205

2600±65

 

 

Bone, antler and charcoal samples from excavated enclosure.

Coed        y Cymdda,

Wenvoe

ST 1329 7398

CAR-

207

2680±65

 

 

Bone, antler and charcoal samples from excavated enclosure.


Location

NCR

Lab Code

C 14 Date

Cal Range

Material

Description

Cold Harbour

ST     42907 84037

SWAN-241

2520±60

790-530

Wood

Vertical  piece  of roundwood   (230) from fishtrap

Goldcliff

ST    369247 820038

SWAN-102

2600±70

920-510

Salix/ Populus

Structure 1208

Goldcliff

ST    361474 820622

Car-

1438