A Research Framework for the Archaeology of Wales

Southwest Wales – Post Medieval, bibliography




This list is drawn from a number of sources : a small number derive from the original audit by Cambria Archaeology; more from a trawl through Ceredigion County Library, Aberystwyth; some from published bibliographies, but most from an incomplete search of current periodical literature. The compiler does not claim to have run all these to earth at first hand, so some page references, the names of publishers and some places of publication are missing. It should be noted that not all apparently authoritative published bibliographies - on the web and off it - are necessarily as complete as might be expected. Some may be biased by the interests or prejudices of their compilers. The Website on Mining Bilbiography is a good example. It excludes certain materials on processing and hydrology, and omits virtually everything the present writer has written on dating mines! The present writer regrets if his equally subjective selection inadvertently omits anything significant to the interests of its readers, but welcomes notification of it.


Bibliographical Sources


Dyfed 1990. Dyfed Llayfryddiaeth Ddethol: A Select Reading List, Adran Gwasanaethau Diwylliannol: Cultural Services Department.

[This is a very useful document as far as it goes. However, it is carelessly edited and rather thin on archaeology].

Jones, G. Lewis, u. D. (c1968) A Bibliography of Cardiganshire, Cardiganshire Joint Library Committee.




BBC Wales Southwest website.

Cadw 1998. Register of Landscapes of Outstanding Historic Interest in Wales, Cadw: Cardiff.

Cadw 2001. Register of Landscapes of Special Historic Interest in Wales, Cardiff: Cadw.

Colyer, R. J. 1987. The Teifi: Scenery and Antiquities of a Welsh River, Llandysul: Gomer.

Evans, G. E. 1903. Cardiganshire, Welsh Gazette.

Howell, D. W. 1993. (ed) Pembrokeshire County History 4: Modern Pembrokeshire 1815-1974, Haverfordwest: Pembrokeshire Historical Society.

Jenkins, G. H. and Jones, I. G. (eds). 1998. Cardiganshire County History vol.3: Cardiganshire in Modern Times, Cardiff: U. P. for Cardiganshire Antiquarian Society and RCAHMW.

John, B. S. 1976/1978. Pembrokeshire, Newton Abbott: David and Charles. Reprinted by Pan Books.

John B. S. Pembrokeshire 2000 Land and People. Newport, Greencroft Books.

Lewis, W. J. 1969. Hanes Darlunialdo o Geredigion/An Illustrated History of Cardiganshire, Aberystwyth: Cymdeithas Llyfrau Ceredigion.

Locock, M. 2002. ‘Researching the familiar past: priorities and opportunities in post-medieval archaeology,’ in Briggs, C. S. (ed), Towards a Research Agenda for Wales: the proceedings of a WIFA conference at Aberystwyth, 31st August-2nd September 2001, BAR 343 (Oxford) 145-152.

Miles, D. (ed). 1973. Pembrokeshire Coast National Park, London: HMSO.

Mirehouse, M. B. 1910. South Pembrokeshire: Some of its History and Records, London: David Nutt.

Owen, G.1603/1892. The Description of Pembrokeshire, Parts 1-4 (1603), (ed with notes and appendix by H Owen), C. J. Clark.

Parkinson, A. J. 1985. ‘Wheat, Peat and lead: settlement patterns in west Wales, 1500-1800’, Ceredigion 10, 111-30.

R. C. A. H. M. W.1917. An Inventory of the Ancient Monuments in Carmarthenshire, London: H. M. S. O.

RCAHMW. 1925. An Inventory of the Ancient Monuments in Pembrokeshire, London: H. M. S. O.


Agriculture: General


Davies, A. E. 1976. ’Enclosures in Cardiganshire 1750-1850’, Ceredigion 8, 100-140.

Davies, M. F.1939.  The Land of Britain: Pembrokeshire. The Report of the Land Utilisation Survey of Britain pt 32, London: Geographical Publications Ltd.

Dicks, T. R. B. 1967. ‘Farming in Elizabethan Pembrokeshire, 1588-1603’, Nat. Lib. Wales Jnl 15, 215-225.

Dresser, B. J. 1959. ‘Land-use and farm practice in the parish of Dale’, Field Studies 1 (I) 17-39.

Howell, E. J. 1946. The Land of Britain: Cardiganshire, Land Utilisation Survey of Britain, Rep Part 40, London: Geographical Publications Ltd.

Howells, B. E. 1955-6. ‘Pembrokeshire Farming c 1580-1620’, Nat. Lib. Wales Jnl 9, 230-40, 313-33, 413-39.

Howells, B. E. 1974-5. ‘Social and Agrarian Change in Early Modern Cardiganshire’, Ceredigion 7, 256-72.

Moore-Colyer, R. J. 1998. ‘Agriculture and Land Occupation in Nineteenth Century Cardiganshire’, 19-50 in Jenkins and Jones (eds).

Rees, D. 1977. Rings and Rosettes: The history of the Pembrokeshire Agricultural Society 1784-1977, Llandyul: Gomer Press.


Agriculture: Farms, Steadings, Fields and Droving


Atkinson, J. A. Banks, I. and MacGregor, G. 2000. Townships to Farmsteads: Rural settlement in Scotland, England and Wales, BAR British Series 293: Oxford.

Austin, D. 1988. ‘Excavation and survey at Bryn Cysegrfan, Llanfair Clydogau, Dyfed, 1979’, Medieval Archaeol 32, 130-165.

Austin, D. 1989. ‘The excavation of dispersed settlement in medieval Britain’, in M. Aston et al (eds), The rural settlements of medieval England, Basil Blackwell: Oxford.

Benson, D. and Crane, P. 1998.  ‘Tro’r Derlwyn’, Archaeology in Wales 38, 148-149.

Briggs, C. S. 1985. 'Problems of the early agricultural landscape in Upland Wales, as illustrated by an example from the Brecon Beacons', in Upland Settlement in Britain: the Second Millennium B. C. and after, Spratt, D. and Burgess, C. B. (eds), British Archaeological Report 143: Oxford, 285-316.

Cadw, 2002. Caring for lost farmsteads, Cardiff: Cadw.

Colyer, R. F. 1973. ‘The Gogerddan Demesne Farm 1818-22’, Ceredigion 7, 170-188.

Davies, E.1938. ’The Black Mountain: A Study in Rural Life and Economy’, Trans Carms Antiq. Soc. 28, 53-64.

Davies, E. 1980. ‘Hafod, Hafoty and Lluest: Their distribution, features and purpose’, Ceredigion 9, 1-41.        

Davies, M. 1973. ‘Field systems of south Wales’, in Baker, A. R. H. and Butlin, R. A. (eds), Studies of Field Systems in the British Isles, 480-529.

Dresser, B. J. 1959. ’Land-use and Farm practice in the parish of Dale’, Field Studies 1(1) 17-39.

Howells, B. E.1971. ’Open fields and farmsteads in Pembrokeshire’, Pembrokes Historian 3, 26-41.

Hughes, P. G. 1943/1988. Wales and the Drovers, Carmarthen: Golden Grove.

Kissock, J. A. 1991. ‘Farms, Fields and hedges: aspects of the rural economy of northeast Gower c. 1300-1650’, Archaeol. Cambrensis 140, 130-47.

Kissock, J. A. 1993. ‘Some examples of co-axial field systems in Pembrokeshire’, Bulletin of the Board of Celtic Studies 40, 190-7.

Leighton, D. K. 1997. Mynydd Ddu and Fforest Fawr, the evolution of an upland landscape in South Wales, Aberystwyth, RCAHMW.

Lethbridge, T. C. and David, H. E. 1930. ‘Gateholm Island’, Archaeol. Cambr. 85, 366-74.

Miller, E. 1991. The agrarian history of England and Wales: Vol. 3 1348-1500, Cambridge: U. P.

Owen, D. H. 1991. ‘Farming Practice and Techniques: Wales and the Marches’ in E. Miller, (ed), 238-53.

Murphy, K. 1988. ‘A medieval relict field system on Marros Mountain, Dyfed’, Carmarthens Antiq. 24, 23-32.

Murphy, K. 1999.  Upland Ceredigion: Historic Landscape Characterisation, unpublished report, Llandeilo: Cambria Archaeology.

Sambrook, P. 2000a. ‘Medieval or later deserted rural settlement in west Wales’, in J. A. Atkinson et al (eds), 90-95.

Sambrook, P. 2000b. ‘Deserted Rural Settlements Survey 2000’, Archaeol. in Wales 40, 22-3.

Sambrook, P. and Ramsey, R. 1998. Deserted rural settlement study 1997-8, unpublished report, Llandeilo: Cambria Archaeology.

Sambrook, P., Benson, D., Hall, J. and Wilson, H. 1999. Review of Upland Archaeology in Dyfed: 1989-99, unpublished DAT report for RCAHMW.

Sambrook, P. 1999. The Mynydd y Ffynnon Project Phase V: site management report.

Llandeilo. Cambria Archaeology unpublished report.

Sambrook, P.  2001.  The Mynydd y Ffynnon Project Phase VI (2000-1 Survey). Llandeilo. Unpublished report, Cambria Archaeology.

Silvester, R. J., 1997.  The Mynydd y Ffynnon Landscape Survey II, unpublished CPAT report.

Ward, A. M. 1995. ‘An incipient upland farmstead at Tro’r Derlwyn? Medieval or post-medieval buildings in the Nant Garw Valley and the role of transhumance in the dynamics of settlement on the Black Mountain, southeast Carmarthenshire’, Carmarthens Antiq. 31, 17-33.

Ward, A. M. 1997. ‘Transhumance and settlement on the Welsh uplands: a view from the Black Mountain’, in Edwards, N. (ed), 97-112.

Ward, A. M. 1999. ‘Transhumance and place-names: an aspect of early Ordnance Survey mapping on the Black Mountain Commons, Carmarthenshire’, Studia Celtica 33, 335-48.

Yates, M. J. 2000. ‘Medieval or later rural settlement in Wales: an introduction to the present work programme funded by CADW: Welsh Historic Monuments’, in A. J. Atkinson et al (eds), 31-33.


Architecture: General


Rees, V. 1963. Southwest Wales: Pembrokeshire and Carmarthenshire, a Shell Guide, London: Faber.

Rees, V. 1971. Mid-Western Wales: Cardiganshire and Merioneth: A Shell Guide, London: Faber.


Architecture: Bridges


General manuscript references in NMR


Anon. 1868. List of Several Bridges and Buildings in the County of Cardigan, Xerox in NMR.

Chater, A. O. 1987. ‘Inscriptions on Bridges in Ceredigion’, Ceredigion 8, 329-354.

Jerboas, E.1936. The Ancient Bridges of Western England and Wales, Architectural Press.

Richards, H. P. 1983. William Edwards, Architect, Builder, Minister: A Builder for Both Worlds, Cowbridge: D. Brown and Sons.


Architecture: Chapels


Anon. 1928. A Brief History of the tabernacle Congregational Church Narberth, Pembrokeshire, Narberth: Weekly News Offices.

Evans and Symond 1913. The History of the South Pembrokeshire Calvanistic Methodist Churches, Wrexham: Hughes and Son.

Griffith, S. 1990. A History of Quakers in Pembrokeshire.

Jones, A. 1984/1998. Welsh Chapels, Stroud: Alan Sutton for National Museums & Galleries of Wales.

Orbach, J.1994. ‘Some examples of Dyfed chapel architecture’, Carmarthens Antiq. 30, 51-6.

Parkinson, A. J. 1994. ‘Why study chapels?’ Carmarthens Antiq. 30, 43-50.

Percival, D.1998. ‘Inventory of Nonconformist Chapels and Sunday Schools in Cardiganshire’, 508-539 in Jenkins, G. and Jones, I. G. (eds).

Rawlins, B. J. 1987. The Parish Churches and nonconformist Chapels of Wales: their records and where to find them, Vol. 1, Carmarthenshire, Cardiganshire and Pembrokeshire, Celtic Heritage Research: Salt Lake City.


Architecture: Churches and Associated Buildings


Anon u. D The Church of Llanbadarn Fawr. Cambrian Printers, Aberystwyth.

Blair, J. and Pyrah, C. (eds) 1996. Church Archaeology: research directions for the future, Council for British Archaeology, Research Report 104: York.

Butler, L. A. S. 1996. ‘A landscape white with churches: Wales AD 1200-1600’, in Blair, J. And Pyrah, C., (eds), 104-111.

Caroe, W. D. 1917. ‘The Church at Llanfair-ar-y-bryn (Carmarthenshire)’, Archaeol. Cambrens.

Ellis, M. and Dafydd, M.1985.  Eglwysi Cymru, Talybont: Y Lolfa, Dyfed pp 136-158.

Evans, W. and Worsley, R. 1985. St David’s Cathedral 1188-1981, Yr Orield Fach Press.

Fitzgerald, M. and Knapp-Fisher, J.1989. Pembrokeshire Churches, Llandybie: Rosedale Publications.

Gregory, D. 1991. Country Churchyards in Wales, Llanrwst: Gwasg Carreg Gwalch.

James, T. A. 1981. ‘The Bishop’s Palace and Collegiate Church, Abergwili’, Carms Antiq. 15, 19-35.

John, L. R. 1965. Saint Alban’s Church, Llanelly, Jubilee 1915-1965, Llanelly Mercury.

Jones, I. G. 1973a. ‘The Rebuilding of Llanrhystud Church’, Ceredigion 7, 99-116.

Jones, I. G. 1973b. ‘Religion and Politics: the rebuilding of St Michael’s Church, Aberystwyth’, Ceredigion 7, 117-130.

Jones, I. G.1998. ‘Church and Chapel in Cardiganshire, 1811-1914’, 478-507 in Jenkins and Jones (eds).

Ludlow, N. 2000. Cadw: Welsh historic churches project: North Pembrokeshire Churches, unpubl report.

Rawlins, B. J. 1987. Parish Churches and Non-conformist chapels of Wales: their records and where to find them. Vol.1, Cardigan-Carmarthen-Pembrokes, Celtic Heritage Research.

Rees, O. G. 1960. ‘The Restoration of Llanbadarn Fawr Parish Church, Cardiganshire, 1862-1870’, Jnl Hist Soc. Church in Wales 15.

Rowlands, J. H. L.1973. The History of St Mary’s Church, Aberystwyth: Hanes Eglwys y Santes Fair, Aberystwyth, unpubl typescript.

Soden, R. W. 1984. A Guide to Welsh Parish Churches, Llandysul: Gomer Press.

Taylor, C. 1972. ‘Brief aspects of the History of St Michael’s Church, Aberystwyth’, Ceredigion 6, 415-422.

Thomas, R. J. 1965. Amgueddfa Tre’r Ddoll/The Museum, Tre’r Ddol,

Wallace-Hadrill, F. G. 1989. The Parish Church of St Mary, Newport, Pembrokeshire, Newport P. C. C.: Newport. Anon 1946, The Church of St Brynach Nevern, Pembrokeshire, 


Architecture: Churchyards, Graveyards and Cemeteries


Chater, A. O.1976/1977. ’Early Cardiganshire Gravestones’, Archaeol. Cambrensis 125 and 126, 140-161 and 116-138.

CWGC (Commonwealth War Graves Commission) 1994. 1939-1945 War Dead of the Commonwealth in Cemeteries and Churchyards: Merionethshire, Montgomeryshire, Radnorshire, Cardiganshire, Breconshire, Carmarthenshire and Pembrokeshire. Maidenhead CWGC.

Kilminster, G. and Mytum, H. 1987. ‘Mariners at Newport, Pembrokeshire: the evidence from gravestones,‘ Maritime Wales 11, 7-27.

Mytum, H.1990. ‘A study of Pembrokeshire graveyards: cultural variability in material and language,’ Bull. Council Brit. Archaeol, Churches Comm. 27, 6-11.

Mytum, H. 1994. ‘Language as symbol in churchyard monuments: the use of Welsh in nineteenth and twentieth century Pembrokeshire’, World Archaeol 26 252-67.

Mytum, H. 1999a. ‘The language of death in a bilingual community: nineteenth century memorials in Newport, Pembrokeshire’, in Blench, R. and Spriss, M (eds) Archaeology and Language III: Artefacts, Languages and Texts, One World Archaeology 34, London: Routledge, 211-30.

Mytum, H. 1999b. ’Welsh Cultural Identity in nineteenth century Pembrokeshire: the Pedimented headstone as a graveyard monument’, in Tarlow, S and West, S. (eds), The Familiar Past? Archaeologies of Later Historical Britain, London: Routledge, 215-30. 


Architecture: Cinemas and Theatres


Dictionary of British Theatres

Freeman, M. 2000. The Coliseum, Aberystwyth.

Thomas, B. 1997. Cytiau Chwain a Phalasau Breuddwydion: Fleapits and Picture Palaces, Cardiff: National Museums & Galleries of Wales.

Walker, R. F.1976. ‘ The College Theatre at Aberystwyth’ (1884-1918), Pts 1-2’, Ceredigion 7, 230-255; 8, 1-25.

[See also publications of the Theatre Preservation Society]


Architecture: Colleges and Schools


Davies, W. M. 1957. Ystrad Meurig Grammar School 1757-1957: Outline History of the School, Aberystwyth: Cambrian News.

Grigg, R.1998. Selfydliad Urddasol: Hanes Darliniadol Coleg y Drindod, Caerfyrrddin 1848-1998 / A Noble Institution: An Illustrated History of Trinity College, Carmarthen 1848-1998, Llandysul: Gomer.

Price, D. T. W. 1977. A History of St David’s University College, Lampeter: Vol 1 to 1898, Cardiff: U. W. P.

Thomas, G. J.1978. Ysgol Llannon (Canrif O Addysg-a Mwy)/Llannon School (A Century and More of Education), Llannon: Cyhoeddwyd gan Bwyllgor Dathlu Ysgol Llannon.

Thomas, J. 1984. ‘Saint David’s College, Lampeter: Tradition and innovation in the design of its first building’, Ceredigion 10, 57-81.

Webster, J. R. 1995. Old College, Aberystwyth: the evolution of a High Victorian Building, Cardiff: UP.


Architecture: Defensive Sites (see also Transport: Air)


Defence of Britain. 1998-2002. Online Database http:/ads. Ahds. Ac. Uk/catalogue/specColl/dob/ai_r. Cfm

Glover, D. G. 1990. ‘A Command Stop Line on Rhos Llangeler’, Carmarthenshire Antiq, 26, 81-90.

Hogg, I. V.1974. Coastal Defences of England and Wales 1856-1956, Newton Abbot: David and Charles.

Horn, H.1982. The Building of Fishguard Fort, Fishguard: Preseli Printers.

James, T. 1991. ‘Carmarthen’s Civil War Defences’, Carmarthenshire Antiq. 28, 21-30.

Jones, E. H. S. 1950. The Last Invasion of Britain, Cardiff.

Kinross, J. S.1974. Fishguard Fiasco, Tenby.

Leach, A. L. 1937. The History of the Civil War in Pembrokeshire and its Borders.

Murphy, K. 2002. ‘Military Defences’, in Davidson, A. (ed), 76-80.

Murphy. K. and O’Mahoney, C. 1985. ‘Excavation and survey at Cardigan Castle’, Ceredigion 9, 189-218.

Owen, B. 1995. History of the Welsh Militia and Volunteer Corps 1757-1908, Carmarthenshire, Pembrokeshire and Cardiganshire (Part 1) Regiments of Militia. Wrexham: Bridge Books.

Richards, W. L. 1965. Pembrokeshire Under Fire,  Haverfordwest, W. J. Hammond and Co.

Wheeler, N. J.1971. The fortification of Milford Haven and Pembroke Dock, Pembrokes Coast National Park Information Leaflet.

Also, see Publications of the Fortress Study Group


Architecture: Houses-Defensive


Austin, D. (ed.) 1993.  Carew Castle Archaeological Project: 1992 season interim report, unpublished report.

Austin, D. (ed.) 1995a. Carew Castle Archaeological Project: 1993 season interim report, unpublished report.

Austin, D.(ed.) 1995b. Carew Castle Archaeological Project: 1994 season interim report, unpublished report.

Avent, J. R. 1977. ‘Laugharne Castle, 1976’, Carmarthenshire Antiq. 13, 17-41

Avent, J. R. 1978. ‘Laugharne Castle, 1977’, Carmarthenshire Antiq. 14, 21-36

Avent, J. R. 1979. ‘Laugharne Castle, 1978’, Carmarthenshire Antiq. 15, 39-56

Avent, J. R. 1988. ‘Laugharne Castle Excavations, 1976-1988’, Archaeology in Wales, 28, 24-27.

Avent, J. R. 1992. ‘The medieval development of Laugharne Castle, Dyfed, Wales’, Chateau Gaillard 15, 7-18.

Avent, J. R. 1993. ‘Laugharne Castle’, Archaeology in Wales 33, 70-72.

Browne, D. M., Percival, D. J. and Parkinson, A. J. 1992. An Architectural Study: Newport Castle (Pembrokeshire), Aberystwyth: RCAHMW.

Murphy, K. and O’Mahoney, C. 1985. ‘Excavation and survey at Cardigan Castle’, Ceredigion 9, 189-218.

Johnson, G. and Greenland, A.1987. The Forgotten Castle of Cardigan, unpublished.


Architecture: Houses – Rural and Vernacular


Allen, R.1902. ‘Old farmhouses with round chimneys near St Davids’, Archaeol. Cambrensis 2, 1-24.

Anon. 1970. Farmhouses and Cottages in Wales, St Fagans: National Museum of Wales (Welsh Folk Museum).

Butler, L. A. S. 1988. ‘Rural building in England and Wales: Wales’, in H. E. Hallam, (ed), 933-65.

Butler L. A. S. 1991. ‘Rural building in England and Wales: Wales, in E. Miller, (ed), 891-919.

Cooper, K. J. 1982. ‘Rhyd-Hir Uchaf: The History of a Ceredigion farm’, Ceredigion 9, 245-256.

Davies, M.1991.   Save The Last of the Magic: Traditional qualities of the West Wales Cottage, Llandysul: Crown Print.

Davis, P. 1984. Great Little Tin Sheds of Wales, Cardiff: UCW Ffotogallery.

Davis, P. R. 1983. ‘Pen-y-banc, Aberarth’, Ceredigion 9,360-362.

Fox, C. 1937. ‘Peasant Crofts in North Pembrokeshire’, Antiquity 44.

Fox, C. 1942. ‘Some South Pembrokeshire Cottages’, Antiquity 16, 307.

Jones, P. E. 1997. ‘Council House Building in Aberystwyth 1900-1974: The local Implementation of National Policy’, Ceredigion 13, 79-114.

Lewis, R. and Wheatley, S. 1996. ‘Exploring the Residential Structure of Early Modern Aberystwyth’, Ceredigion 12, 21-32.

McDermott, M. 1978. ‘Two examples of vernacular architecture in the parishes of Llansantfraid and Aberarth’, Ceredigion 8, 323-328.

Owen, T. M.1970. ‘Social Perspectives in Welsh Vernacular Architecture’, in Moore, D. The Irish Sea Province in Archaeology and History, Cardiff: N. M. W., 108-115.

Peate, I. C. 1944. The Welsh House, London: Cymmrodorian.

Smith, P. 1976/86. Houses of the Welsh Countryside, RCAHMW, London: HMSO.

*Stevenson, G. 1930s Architecture, Shire Album.

Wiliam, E. 1995. ‘‘Home made homes’: dwellings of the Rural poor in Cardiganshire’, Ceredigion  12, 23-40. See also NMW pamphlet under same title of 1988.

Wiliam, E.1987. Historic Farm Buildings of Wales, Edinburgh, John Donald.

Worsley, R. 1989. The Pembrokeshire Explorer (Coastal Cottages of Pembrokeshire).


Architecture: Housing-Industrial


Lowe, J. 1977. Welsh Industrial Workers’ Housing 1775-1875, Cardiff: National Museum of Wales (Dyfed pp 10, 44, 52-3).


Architecture: Houses- Gentry and Country


Anon. C 1965. Dynevor Castle, Guide Book, Cardiff: E. Roberts printer, [Newton House 24-5].

Bliss, J. and Bliss, R. c 1970. Nanteos, Aberystwyth: Cambrian News.

Blockley, K. and Halfpenney, I. 2002. Aberglasney House and Gardens: archaeology, history and Architecture, British Archaeological Report Brit. Ser. 334, (Oxford).

Colyer, R. J.1980. ‘Nanteos: A landed estate in Decline’, Ceredigion 9, 58-79.

Crane, P. 2001. Park Hall 2001: archaeological evaluation, unpublished report by Cambria Archaeology.

Crimmin, P. K.1967. ‘Samuel Pepys Cockerell: His work in West Wales 1793-1810', Carms Hist. 4,7-21.

Davis, P. R. 1990. ‘Scotsborough House, a survey of a ruined mansion near Tenby’, Archaeology in Wales 30, 28-32.

Edkins, J. 1989. Y Plasdy a’r Ystad Gogerddan: Mansion & Estate, Aberystwyth: Welsh Plant Breeding Station.

Hext-Lewes, J.1971. ‘Llanllyr, 1180-1980’, Ceredigion 6, 341-349.

Howells, J. K. 2002. ‘The management and recording of historic buildings in Wales’, in Briggs, C. S. (ed),  Towards a Research Agenda for Wales: the proceedings of a WIFA conference at Aberystwyth, 31st August-2nd September 2001,  BAR 343, (Oxford) 171-178.

Joel, J.1995. Nanteos, Cardigan.

Jones, F.1974-5. ‘Blaendylan: Chronicle of a Minor Gentry House’, Ceredigion 7,307-331.

Jones, F.1979. ‘Gellidywyll’, Ceredigion 8, 369-88.

Jones, F.1980. ‘Laques and its families', Carms Hist. 17, 45-58.

Jones, F.1984. ‘Llechdwnni Revisited', Carms Antiq. 20, 29-49.

Jones, F. 1985. ‘The annals of Muddlescwm', Carms Antiq. 21,11-26.

Jones, F. 1987. Historic Carmarthenshire Homes and their families, Carmarthen: Carmarthenshire Antiq. Soc. and Dyfed C. C. Cultural Services Dept).

Jones, F. 1991. ‘Annals of an old manor house: Green Castle', Carms Antiq. 27,3-20.

Jones, F. 1996.  Historic Houses of Pembrokeshire and their families, Brawdy Books.

Jones, F. 1998. Treasury of Historic Pembrokeshire, Brawdy Books.

Jones, F. 2000. Historic Cardiganshire Homes and their families, Brawdy Books.

Lloyd, T. 1983. ‘Old Llangoedmore’, Ceredigion 9, 357-9.

Lloyd, T. 1985. Houses in Danger, unpubl. list presented to Historic Buildings Council.

Lloyd, T. 1986, 1989.  The Lost Houses of Wales: a survey of country houses demolished since c. 1900 (SAVE Britain’s Heritage, London) (1st edition 1986; 2nd edition 1989).

Lloyd-Fern, S.1987. ‘Vanishing Heritage of Wales', Archaeology Today, Sept. 1987, 40-45.

Lloyd Fern, S.1988. Middleton Hall, Carmarthen: Dyfed C. C. and M. S. C.

Lloyd-Johnes, H. J.1974. ‘A House that Borrow Admired (Dolaucothi)', Carms Hist. 11, 79.

Mirylees, c 1965. Nanteos Historic Monument, Aberystwyth: Cambrian News.

*Morgan, G. 2001. Nanteos

Nash, G. 1989. ‘Pentre Ifan Barn: the remains of a Tudor Gentry House? An interim report’, Jnl Pembrokes Hist. Soc. 3, 9-27.

Orbach, J.1995. Cilwendeg: Three Hundred Years, Carmarthen: Dyfed County Council.

Palmer, C. and Laidlaw, R. 1999. ‘William Ritson Coultart and the Llanerchaeron Billiard Room’, Ceredigion 8, 43-46.

Smith, P. 1988. Houses of the Welsh Countryside, London: HMSO.

Smith, P.1998. ‘The Domestic Architecture of the County’, 233-288 in Jenkins and Jones (eds).

Suggett, R. F. 1995. John Nash Architect - Pentair, Aberystwyth: NLW and RCAHMW.

Thomas, J. A.1974-5. ‘The Architectural Development of Hafod’, Ceredigion 7, 152-169, 215-229.

White, P. R. 1998. ‘The Secular Architecture in Context’, 288-98 in Jenkins and Jones (eds).

X. Y. Z. 1939. ‘Great House, Llanelly', Trans Carms Antiq. Soc. 29,97. 


Architecture: Gardens, Parklands and Estates


Beamon, S. P. and Roaf, S. 1990. The Ice-Houses of Britain, London: Routledge.

Bennion, J. E. (ed Howells, R.) 1966. Stackpole and the Bennions, Llandyssul.

Bewers, P. 1995. Hafod: the Ladies' Walk, Report on Geophysical Survey at Hafod, (unpubl report to the Hafod Trust).

Blockley K, forthcoming, Excavations at Middleton Hall.

Blockley, K. and Halfpenney, I. 2002. Aberglasney House and Gardens: archaeology, history and Architecture, British Archaeological Report Brit Ser 334, Oxford.

Breudeth, F. 1967. 'Llysnewydd', Carms Hist. 4, 74-80.

Briggs, C. S. 1991a. ‘Garden Archaeology in Wales: a review', in Brown, A. E. (ed.), Garden Archaeology, CBA Res. Rep. 7: London, 140-60

Briggs, C. S. 1991b. 'Welsh Gardens under threat: an Archaeological perspective', Jnl Garden Hist. Internat. Quart. 11, 199-206, Yale.

Briggs, C. S. 1997a. 'Conserving Hafod's Wilderness Picturesque',  Friends of Hafod Newsletter 14 (1996\7), 2-5.

Briggs, C. S. 1997b. 'Gardens and Parklands in the Extended National Database on Sites and Monuments in Wales', in Gerddi (The Journal of The Welsh Historic Gardens Trust), I (i), 1996/7, 26-35

Briggs, C. S. 1997c. 'The fabric of Parklands and gardens in the Tywi Valley and beyond', Carmarthenshire Antiquary 33, 88-105.

Briggs, C. S. 1998. 'A New Field of Welsh Cultural History: Inference and evidence in gardens and landscapes since c 1450', in Pattison, P. (ed), There by Design: Fieldwork in Parks and Gardens , Garden History Society and RCHME, 65-74

Briggs, C. S. 1999. 'Aberglasney: the theory, history and archaeology of a post-medieval landscape’, Post-Medieval Archaeology 33, 242-284.

Briggs, C. S.  2001. ‘Archaeology of Gardens’, in. Shoemaker, C. A (ed),  Chicago Botanic Garden Encyclopaedia of Gardens: History and Design, Vol. I, Fitzroy Dearborn: Chicago and London, 70-73.

Briggs, C. S. and Kerkham, C. R. 1995. 'Archaeology at Hafod in 1994: A Comment', Friends of Hafod Newsletter.

Briggs, C. S. and Kerkham, C. R. 1988. 'Hafod', Archaeol. In Wales 28, 77-8.

Briggs, C. S. and Kerkham, C. R. 1990 'The Archaeological potential of the Hafod Demesne', Ceredigion 11, 191-210.

Cadw/ICOMOS UK 2002. Register of Landscapes, Parks and Gardens of Special Historic Interest in Wales part  (Parks and Gardens):Dyfed, Cadw: Welsh Historic Monuments: Cardiff.

De Bois 1990. WNBG: Middleton Hall Landscape Survey.

Dinefwr Park Survey Report. Survey undertaken for the National Trust 1987-8 by C. E. Evans, C. Dignam, R. Jones, M. G. Williams and J. C. King under the auspices of the Manpower Services Commission. Copy at Regional Office of the National Trust, Llandeilo.

Dix, B. 1994. Guidelines for the use of archaeology on the Hafod Estate, unpubl rep. for Welsh Hist. Gardens Trust and Forest Enterprise.

Ede, J. and Mayes, I. 1994. Llanerchaeron Park and Garden Survey: Draft Report, National Trust, June 1994.

Eres 1995. National Botanic Garden for Wales: Feasibility Study Summary Report, (Report prepared for the Welsh Office, February 1995).

Fern, S. Lloyd and Davies, P. R.1987. ‘Middleton Hall Ice House', Archaeol. in Wales 27, 71.

Ford, K. H.1992. ‘Memories of Glanbrân', Carms Antiq. 28, 93-102.

Friends of Hafod 1996. ‘The Friends of Hafod and The Hafod Trust', Friends of Hafod Bulletin, May 1996.

Gallagher, C. (undated). Middleton, Dyfed: Historic Landscape Assessment - Proposed Botanic Garden and Country Park (?1990).

Gelli Aur Arboretum; A Victorian Pleasure Garden (Dyfed County Council, u. D.)

Geophysical Surveys of Bradford 1991. Report on Geophysical Survey: Aberglasney, Dyfed, unpubl. survey for Welsh Historic Gardens Trust: June 1991).

Harden, B. (ed).1997. Towards the Millennium: The Conservation of Welsh Parks, Gardens and Designed Landscapes for the 21st Century, Report of a Conference held on Thursday 19th October 1995 at Plas Gogerddan, Aberystwyth, Gerddi, Jnl Welsh Hist Gardens Trust, 1:i, (1996/1997).

Haslam, R. 1990. ‘Order in the Wilds', Country Life 11th Jan 1990, 56-7.

Hayden, P. 1996-97. ‘Paths in Picturesque Parks: some contemporary advice', Friends of Hafod Newsletter 14, 16-18.

Howes, L. 1992. Aberglasney House, Parapet Structure, Structural Survey February 1992, unpubl. typescript prepared for the Welsh Historic Gardens Trust: Lesley Howes Archaeological Services; May, 1992.

Inglis-Jones, E. 1954. ‘Derry-Ormond’, Ceredigion 2,127-137.

James, T. A. and Marshall, C. 1985. ‘Llangawse, Llanddewi Velfrey', Archaeol. in Wales 25, 48-9.

Keen, R. G.1991. 'Parc Dinefwr, Llandeilo, Dyfed', Jnl Garden Hist. 11, 217-223.

Kerkham, C. R.1991. 'Hafod: Paradise Lost', Jnl Garden Hist. 11, 207-216.

Kerkham, C. R.1996. ‘Archaeology at Hafod: A Comment', Garden Hist Newsl 47,

Kerkham, C. R. and Briggs, C. S. (1991). ‘A Review of the Archaeological Potential of the Hafod Demesne', Ceredigion 11 (1989-92), pp. 191-210; reprinted with additions, pp 160-174 in Brown A. E., Garden Archaeology, (London: CBA Research Report, no. 79).

Latham, J. and Plunkett-Dillon, E.1986. Dinefwr, South Wales; National Trust Archaeological Survey, unpubl. typescript (copy at Nat. Mons Rec. Wales, Aberystwyth).

Lloyd Fern, S. And Davies, P. R.1987. ‘Middleton Hall Ice House', Archaeol. in Wales 27, 71.

Lloyd-Johnes, H.1952-5. ‘The Lesser Gentry Houses of Cardiganshire’, Ceredigion 2, 83-8, 89-90, 170-173, 241-243.

Ludlow, N. D.1995. Middleton Hall: initial assessment of the archaeological implications of the proposed Botanic garden, Unpubl. Report by Dyfed Archaeological Trust for Middleton Botanic Garden/Dyfed County Council; DAT Project Record no 31018: September 1995.

Moore, D.1994. ‘The Hafod Project-an update', Bull. W. H. G. T. 2-3.

Moore, D.1996. The opening of the Alpine Bridge at Hafod, 14th June 1996.

Moore, D.1994. ‘Dynevor Castle and Newton House: some seventeenth century pictures', Archaeol. Cambrensis 163,204-235.

Morgan, G. 1997. The Vaughans of Trawscoed: a study of the Vaughan Family and Estate through seven centuries, Llandysul: Gomer.

Morgan, G. (ed) Nanteos

Murphy, K.1996 Hafod: Ladies' walk: an assessment of the route from Eglwys Newydd to Hafod Mansion and from Hafod Mansion to the Alpine Meadow, Unpubl. Report for the Hafod Trust by Dyfed Archaeological Trust, project record no. 32477: April 1996.

Murphy, K. 1997a. Review of Register of Landscapes, Parks and Gardens of Special Historic Interest in Wales, Part 1: Parks and Gardens. Gwent and Clwyd, Part 2: Landscapes, 2 Vols, CADW: Welsh Historic Monuments, Cardiff, 1994 in Welsh Hist. Rev. 18, 543-5.

Murphy, K. 1997b. A GIS Database of the Hafod Estate, undertaken for the Hafod Trust and Forest Enterprise. Cambria Archaeology, Llandeilo.

Murphy, K. 1999. ‘Investigation of Thomas Johnes’ late 18th-century Cold Bath at Hafod, Ceredigion, 1998’, Archaeology in Wales 39, 41-48.

Murphy, K. and Ramsey, R.1996. Hafod: The Ladies' Walk, Alpine Meadow Section. Archaeological Investigation, Unpubl. Report for the Hafod Trust by Dyfed Archaeological Trust, project record no 32112: February 1996.

Norman, M. C. 1995. ‘Ymddiriedolaeth yr Hafod-Hafod trust: The

Conservation Partnership at Hafod', Garden Hist. Soc. Newsl. 43, 16-17.

Parc Gwledig - Gelli Aur - Country Park, Dyfed C. C. County Planning Department and Cultural Services Department, 1982.

*Philips, B. Peterwell

Purdue, J., Page, N. and Murphy, K. 1995. Phase I and II Archaeological Evaluation at Aberglasney House, Carmarthenshire, Unpubl. Report: Project Record No. 30890: Dyfed Archaeological Trust Ltd.

Samuels, A. and Hunt, J. D.1991. ‘Aberglasney: an enigmatic cloister range',  Jnl Garden Hist. 11, 131-139.

Sclater, A. 1991. Hafod Conservation Strategic Plan, Unpubl. Report for Welsh Historic Gardens Trust: November 1991.

Sclater, A. 1993. Hafod Phase I Projects Overview, Unpubl. Report for Welsh Historic Gardens Trust: April 1993.

Vernon Jones, E.1972. ‘Fingers of forsaken stone: the stones of Glanbran', Carms Hist. 9, 31-43.

Whittle, E. A. 1992. The historic gardens of Wales: an introduction to parks and gardens in the history of Wales , Cadw: Welsh Historic Monuments: Cardiff.

Whittle, E. A.2000. ‘Where Knights and Poets Walked’, Historic Gardens Review, 20-23 [Laugharne Castle Garden].

Whittle, E. A. 2000. ‘The Historic Gardens of Carmarthenshire’, Carms Antiq.

Wiliam, E.  1982.  List of Icehouses in Wales, Unpublished typescript, Welsh Folk Museum, St Fagan's, Cardiff.

Wilkins, W. P. 1993. The National Botanic Garden of Wales: Gardd Fotanegol Genedlaethol Cymru: Middleton, (Wales: Aztec Press).

Wilkins, W. P. 1990-96. The National Botanic Garden of Wales, Middleton.


Architecture: Public Buildings and Monuments


Darke, J. 1991. The Monument Guide to England and Wales: A National portrait in Bronze and Stone, London: Macdonald Illustrated, [Dyfed pp 127-131].


Genealogy and Placenames


The Cardiganshire, Carmarthenshire and Dyfed Family history societies all have websites.


Industrial: General


Briggs, C. S. Gerrard, S. and Kirkbride, C. 1992. ‘Pembrokeshire Coast National Park’, in Briggs, C. S. (ed), Welsh Industrial Heritage: A review, CBA Res. Rep. 79, London, 20-21.

Cragg, R.1997. Civil Engineering Heritage Wales and West Central England, 2nd ed., London.

Gwyn, D. 2003. ‘Priorities for the Industrial and Modern Period in Wales’,  in Briggs, C. S. (ed),  Towards a Research Agenda for Wales: the proceedings of a WIFA conference at Aberystwyth, 31st August-2nd September 2001,  BAR 343, Oxford, 179-186.

Hague, D. B., Malaws, B. A. and Malaws, H. A. 1984. A Guide to the Industrial Archaeology of Mid-Wales, Ironbridge.

Hughes, S. R. forthcoming. Industrial Archaeology: Introduction in Lloyd, T. (ed), The Buildings of Wales: Dyfed, Penguin.

Jenkins, J. G. 1983. ‘Penbryn Beach’, Ceredigion  9, 343-356.

Jenkins, J. G. 1998. ‘Rural Industries in Cardiganshire’, 135-59 in Jenkins and Jones.

John, B. S.1974. Old Industries of Pembrokeshire, The Face of Wales series No 2, (Lanchester).

Kennedy, R. A. 1973. ‘Industrial Archaeology’, in Miles, D. (ed), 86-90.

Price, J. A. (ed) 1953. Pembrokeshire County Development Plan, Pembs C. C.

Rees, D. M. 1965. ‘Industrial Archaeology in Cardiganshire', Ceredigion

5(2), 109-124.

Rees, D. M.1975. Industrial Archaeology of Wales, Newton Abbott: David

and Charles.

Wales Tourist Board 1973. Wales: A Glimpse of the Past: A tourist’s guide to industrial trails, slate quarries, mines, mills. Cardiff.


Industrial: Brewing


Scourfield, E.1982. Macsu Cwrw yn Nyfed, Cardiff: NMW.


Industrial: Gas Production


Jones, R. and Reeve, C. G. 1978. A History of Gas Production in Wales, Wales Gas Printing Centre.


Industrial: Hydroelectricity


CEGB. 1967. Rheidol Hydro Electric Scheme, Manchester.


Industrial: Ironworking


James, T. A. 1978. 'A survey of fishponds, watercourses and other earthworks at the site of Whitland Abbey and iron forge', Carms Antiq.  14, 71-8.

Page, N. and Wilson, H.2002. The Charcoal-fuelled ironworking industries of Carmarthenshire and Pembrokeshire,  unpubl report by Cambria Archaeology.

Riden, P. 1987/1993. A Gazetteer of Charcoal-fired Blast Furnaces in Great Britain in use since 1660, Cardiff: Merton Priory Press.


Industrial: Mining - coal


Edwards, G. 1963. ‘The Coal Industry in Pembrokeshire’, Field Studies 1 (5), 33-64.

Hughes, S. R. Malaws, B. A. Parry M. and Wakelin, P. 1994. Collieries of Wales Aberystwyth: RCAHMW.

*Ince, MRC.  History of Llanelli Coalfield

Price, M. R. C. 1982. Industrial Saundersfoot,  Llandysul: Gomer.

Price, M. R. C.1993 ‘The Pembrokeshire Coal Industry’ in Howell, D. W. (ed) Pembrokeshire County History 4 : Modern Pembrokeshire 1815-1974, Haverfordwest: Pembrokeshire Historical Society, 111-37.

Sambrook, P. 1995. South-east Dyfed Anthracite Coalfield, unpubl report by Cambria Archaeology.

Symonds, M. 1979. Coal Mining in the Llanelli Area, Vol One: !6th Century to 1829. Llanelli Borough Council.

Thomas, W. G. 1986. Welsh Coal Mines, Cardiff.


Industrial: Mining - metals


Annels, A. E. and Burnham, B. C. 1986 (and revisions). The Dolaucothi Gold Mines: Geology and Mining History, Cardiff: UCW.

Anon. 1987. ‘Dolaucothi,’ Teacher's Times 17:4, 23.

Anon. 1988. ‘Golden Reunion for last Miners of Dolaucothi,’ Western Mail, April 16th, 7.

Anon. 1987. ‘Mawddach Meanderings,’ Newsletter of the Grosvenor Caving Club 21,6.

Anon. 1986. ‘Tourist Gold Rush Planned (Dolaucothi),’Western Mail, March 21st 1986).

Armfield, C.1989. ‘Dressing Floors at Copa Hill, Cwmystwyth’, Archaeology in Wales 29.

Arx, R. von, 1990. ‘The brief life of Mellingloch lead mine,’ British Mining 41, 37-40.

Arx, R. von, 1990. ‘A glimpse at Cwm Brwyno Mine,’ British Mining 41,64-67.

Austin, D. and Burnham, B. C. 1984. ‘A New Milling and Processing Complex at Dolaucothi: Some Recent Fieldwork Results’, Bulletin of the Board of Celtic Studies 31, 304-313.

Austin, D. and Burnham, B. C. 1984. ‘Dolaucothi’, Archaeology in Wales 24, 81-2.

Beynon, O.1937. The Lead Mining Industry of Cardiganshire from 1700 to 1830 AD (University of Wales M. A. Thesis).

Bick, D. 1974. The Old Metal Mines of Mid-Wales: Part 1 Cardiganshire - South of Devil's Bridge, Newent: Pound House.

Bick, D.1975. The Old Metal Mines of Mid-Wales: Part 2 Cardiganshire, the Rheidol to Goginan, Newent: Pound House.

Bick, D.1976. The Old Metal Mines of Mid-Wales: Part 3, Cardiganshire - North of Goginan, Newent: Pound House.

Bick, D. 1978. The Old Metal Mines of Mid-Wales: Part 5, Newent: Pound House.

Bick, D.1979. ‘Remnants of Mining in Ceredigion before the 19th Century', Ceredigion 8, 355-359.

Bick, D. E.1988. ‘An Ancient Leat near Dolaucothi Gold Mine,’ Archaeology in Wales 28, 20-21.

Bird, R. H. 1974. Britain's Old Metal Mines

Bird, R. H. 1977. Yesterday's Golcondas.

Boon, G. C. and Williams, C. 1966. ‘The Dolaucothi drainage wheel’, Jnl Roman Studs 56, 122-7.

Boyns, T. 1976. ‘The Mines of Llywernog', Nat. Libr. Wales Jnl 19, 430-52.

Briggs, C. S. in Bick, D. and Parkinson, A. J. 1986/1996. Frongoch Lead and Zinc Mine, Cardiganshire, (L. V. Moissenet at Frongoch), 48-53, British Mining 30, Sheffield: NMRS; revised and printed on pp 72-84 in second edition 1996.

Briggs, C. S. 1988. ‘The location and recognition of metal ores in pre-Roman and Roman Britain and their contemporary exploitation', 106-114 in J. Ellis Jones (ed), Aspects of Ancient Mining and Metallurgy: Acta of a British School at Athens Centenary Conference, 1986, (Bangor, U. C. N. W.)

Briggs, C. S. 1991a. ‘Early Mines in Wales: the date of Copa Hill', Archaeol. in Wales 31, 5-7.

Briggs, C. S. 1991b. 'The Conservation of Non-ferrous Mines' in Briggs, C. S. (ed) The Welsh Industrial Heritage: a Review, Council for British Archaeology Research Report no.79: London, 26-31.

Briggs, C. S. 1992. 'The Conservation of Non-ferrous Mines', in Briggs, C. S. (ed), The Welsh Industrial Heritage: a Review, Council for British Archaeology Research Report no.79: London, 26-31.

Briggs, C. S. 1994a. 'The Bronze Age,' in Davies, J. L. and Kirby, D. J. (eds) The County History of Cardiganshire, vol. 1) Cardiff: U. P., 124-218, [Discussion of mineralogy and attribution of BA mining through use of bogwood to Industrial period],

Briggs, C. S. 1994b. ‘Early Mines in Wales again: A reply to Budd et al 1992’, Archaeology in Wales 34, 13-15.

Briggs, C. S.2003. ‘A Strategy for Raw Materials [in Wales]’, in Briggs, C. S. (ed) Towards a Research Agenda for Welsh Archaeology, BAR 343 (Oxford) 201-212.

Briggs, C. S. and Clough C.1992. 'Dolaucothi Gold Mines', in Briggs, C. S. (ed), The Welsh Industrial Heritage: a Review, CBA Res. Rep. 79: London, 85-90.

Buckley, M. 1969. ‘Dolaucothi Gold Mines’ B’ham Enterprise Club Trans 3, 32-36.

Burnham, B. C.1990. ‘Dolaucothi: Roman mining revisited’, in Burnham, B. C. and Davies, J. L. (eds), Conquest, Co-existence and Change: Recent Work in Roman Wales, Trivium 161-168.

Burnham, B. C. 1997. ‘Roman mining at Dolaucothi: the implications of the 1991-3 excavations near the Carreg Pumsaint’, Britannia 28, 325-36.

Burnham, B. C. and Burnham, H. 1990a. ‘Pumsaint’, Archaeology in Wales 30, 54-5

Burnham, B. C. and Burnham, H. 1993. ‘Survey and excavation on the line of the Annell Leat at Dolaucothi’, Archaeology in Wales 33, 16-19

Burnham, B. C. and Burnham, H. 1997. ‘Dolaucothi’, Archaeology in Wales 37, 68-69.

Burnham, B. C., Burnham, H. And Walker, M. J. C. 1992. ‘Excavations across the Annell and Gwenlais leats, near Dolaucothi, in 1990’, Archaeology in Wales 32, 2-8.

Burt, R. and White, P. 1988. Bibliography of the History of British Metal Mining [since World War II], Exeter: Univ. with NAHMO.

Burt, R. Waite, P, and Burnley, R. ?date. Cardiganshire Mines, University of Exeter.

Cauuet, B., Ancel, B. and Cowburn, I. 2000     The Dolaucothi Gold Mines - An Archaeological Appraisal, Intermediate Report, Unpublished Survey.

Claughton, P. A. 1994. ‘Carmarthen United: An example of under-capitalisation in a mid 19th century lead venture’ British Mining 50,149-157.

Davies, O. 1935. Roman Mines in Europe, Oxford: UP.

Davies, O. 1947. 'Cwm Ystywth Mines', Archaeol. Cambrensis 99, 57-63.

Davies, P. B. S. 1990. Forgotten Mines - The Old Lead and Copper Mines of Solva and St Davids, Merrivale.

Foster-Smith, J. R.1979. The Mines of Cardiganshire, British Mining, 12, Sheffield: N. M. R. S.

Francis, A. 1874/1987. History of the Cardiganshire Mines, Sheffield: Mining Facsimiles, 1987. Reprint of the 1874 Edition with introduction by S. J. S. Hughes.

Hall, G. W. 1971. Metal Mines of Southern Wales,

Hughes, S. J. S.1980. ‘Pumping engines at two Cardiganshire mines:  Fairchance and Ystrad Einion', Industrial Archaeology 15, 236-257.

Hughes, S. J. S. 1981. Ancient Mining in Mid-Wales, Manchester University MA Thesis.

Hughes, S. J. S.1981. The Cwmystwyth Mines, Sheffield, NMRS.

Hughes, S. J. S. (?1982). ‘The Mines of Talybont: Part 1: from AD 70-1800',

Industrial Archaeology    199-332, 339-341 (illus).

Hughes, S. J. S.1988. ‘The Decline of Mining in Mid Wales and Prospects of Revival’ UK Journal of Mines and Minerals 5, l2-14.

Hughes, S. J. S. 1988. The Goginan Mines , Sheffield: NMRS.

Hughes, S. J. S.1989. ‘The History of Ystrad Einion Mine’ UK Journal of Mines and Minerals, 6 pp.12-14.

Hughes, S. J. S. 1989. ‘Bwlchglas Mine’,  UK Journal of Mines and Minerals, 7, 20-28.

Hughes, S. J. S.1990. The Darren Mine, British Mining 40, Sheffield: NMRS.

Hughes, S. J. S. 1990. ‘Llywernog Mine and Museum, Dyfed, Wales’, UK Journal of Mines and Minerals 8, 30-37.

Hughes, S. J. S. 1991. ‘The Castell and Nant y Creiau Mines’, British Mining 43, 96-117.

Hughes, S. J. S.1992. ‘Nant y Mwyn Mine, Llandovery, Dyfed’, British Mining 45, 87-110.

Hughes, S. J. S. ‘Carn Dochan, Regional, General and Economic History’, British Mining 50, 66-74.

Humphrey, S. 1989. ‘Petrology and Provenance of a Pebble Hammer from Cwmystwyth’ Archaeology in Wales 29, 43.

Hunt, R. 1848. ‘Notices of the History of the lead mines of Cardiganshire', in Memoirs of the Geol. Surv. Great Britain, 2(ii) 635-654.

Jones, G. D. B., Blakey, I. J. and MacPherson, E. C. F. 1960. ‘Dolaucothi: the Roman aqueduct’, Bull. Board Celtic Studs 19, 71-84.

Jones, G. D. B. and Maude, K. 1990. ‘Dolaucothi: the dating problem’, in Burnham, B. C. and Davies, J. L. (eds), Conquest, Co-existence and Change: Recent Work in Roman Wales, Trivium      169-171.

Jones, J. A. and Moreton, N. J. M. 1977. The Mines and Minerals of Mid Wales, Leicester: The Authors.

Jones, O. T. 1922 . The Mining District of North Cardiganshire and West Montgomeryshire: Lead and Zinc, Special Report on the mineral resources of Great Britain, Geol. Surv. Memoir, 20, London, H. M. S. O. 

Lewis, P. R and Jones, G. D. B. 1970. ‘The Roman Gold Mines at Dolaucothi,’ Carmarthen Antiquary 6 .

Lewis, W. J. 1952a. ‘The Cwmsymlog Lead Mine', Ceredigion 2 (1952-55), 27-38.

Lewis, W. J. 1952b. ‘A Field day at Cwmsymlog' Ceredigion 2 (1952-55), 54-55.              

Lewis, W. J. 1966 . Lead Mining in Wales, Cardiff:  University Press.

Lewis, W. G.1998. ‘Lead Mining in Cardiganshire’, 160-181 in Jenkins and Jones.

Morrison, T. A. 1973 . ‘The Initiation of mining settlement on the  Cardiganshire Ore Field', Industrial Archaeology 10(2),161-200.

Liscombe & Co. 1869/70:1989. The Mines of Cardiganshire, Montgomeryshire, and Shropshire, Talybont: Simon Hughes Mining Services Reprint.

Palmer, M. 1983. The Richest in All Wales: Esgair Hir and Esgair Fraith, Sheffield: N. M. R. S.

Pickin, J. and Timberlake, S. 1988. ‘Stone Hammers and Firesetting: A Preliminary Experiment on Copa Hill, Cwmystwyth’, Bulletin of the Peak District Mining Historical Society 10.3,165-167.

Pritchard, R. J. 1982. The Rheidol United Mines,(Dyfed), Sheffield: N. M. R. S.

Protheroe-Jones, R.  1993. Ceredigion Metal Mines Survey, unpublished report for RCAHMW, Llandeilo: Dyfed Archaeological Trust..

Rust, S. A. and Mason, J. S.1988. ‘The Minerals of Esgair Hir Mine’, UK Journal of Mines and Minerals 5, 35-43.

Shaw, R. P. and Critchley, M. P. 1978. ‘Two Cardiganshire Lead Mines: Caegynon and Rheidol United' , Bull. Peak and Distr. Mining Hist. Soc. 7(2), 69-86.

Smyth, Warington W.1848. 'On the mining District of Cardiganshire and Montgomeryshire', in Memoirs of The Geological Survey of Great Britain vol.2 pt ii 655-684.

Thorburn, J. A. 1978. Unpublished survey of Grogwynion Mine. Ceredigion    Archaeological Survey, S. D. U. C., Lampeter.

Thorburn, J. A. 1986 . Talargoch Mine (Clwyd), Sheffield, N. M. R. S.

Thorburn, J. A.1987. ‘Nant Silo Mortar Stones’, Archaeology in Wales 27,  75-76.

Thorburn, J. A.1987. notes on, Erglodd, Cwmsymlog, Goginan,  and Bronfloyd Mine in Archaeology in Wales 27, 76-77.

Thorburn, J. A. 1988. ‘Gwaith Goch Mill; Graig Goch Mine; Pont Ceunant Generator House; Brynystwth Mine - Llwyn Wnwch Mine - Cwm Glas Mill; Logaulas Mine’, Archaeology in Wales 28, 88-89.

Thorburn, J. A. 1990. ‘Stone Mining Tools and the Field Evidence for Early Mining in Mid-Wales’, Crew, P. and Crew, S. (eds), Early Mining in the British Isles, Occas. Paper 1, Plas Tan y Bwlch Snowdonia National Park Study Centre: Blaenau Ffestiniog , 43-46

Timberlake, S.1987. ‘An Archaeological Investigation of Early Mine Workings at Copa Hill, Cwmystwyth’, Archaeology in Wales 27, 18-20.

Timberlake, S. 1988. ‘Bronze Age Mining at Cwmystwyth: The Radiocarbon Dates’, Archaeology in Wales 28, 50.

Timberlake, S. 1989. ‘Evidence of Prehistoric Mining on Copa Hill, Cwmystwyth’ Bulletin Peak District Mines Historical Society 10.3, 160-164.

Timberlake, S. 1990. ‘Excavations at an early mining site on Copa Hill, Cwmystwyth, Dyfed 1989 and 1990’, Archaeology in Wales 30, 7-13.

Timberlake, S. 1990. ‘Excavations and Fieldwork on Copa Hill, Cwmystwyth, 1989’, pp. in Crew, P. and Crew, S. (eds), Early Mining in the British Isles, Occas. Paper 1, Plas Tan y Bwlch Snowdonia National Park Study Centre: Blaenau Ffestiniog , 22-29.

Timberlake, S. 1990. ‘Firesetting and Primitive Mining Experiments, Cwmystwyth, 1989’, in Crew, P. and Crew, S. (eds), Early Mining in the British Isles, Occas. Paper 1, Plas Tan y Bwlch Snowdonia National Park Study Centre: Blaenau Ffestiniog, 53-54.

Timberlake, S. A. 1991. ‘New Evidence for Prehistoric Mining in Wales - Problems and Potentials’, in Archaeological Sciences 1989, Oxford: Oxbow Books, 179-193.

Timberlake, S. 1992. ‘Llancynfelin Mine’, Archaeology in Wales 32, 90-1.

Timberlake, S. 1993. ‘Copa Hill’, Archaeology in Wales 33, 54-5.

Timberlake, S. 1995a. ‘Copa Hill’, Archaeology in Wales 35, 40-3.

Timberlake, S. 1995b, ‘Llancynfelin Mine’, Archaeology in Wales 35, 43.

Timberlake, S. 1995c. ‘Nantyrarian Mine’, Archaeology in Wales 35, 43-45.

Timberlake, S. 1996a. ‘Copa Hill’, Archaeology in Wales 36, 60-1.

Timberlake, S. 1996b. ‘Tyn y fron Mine’, Archaeology in Wales 36, 61-2.

Timberlake, S. 1998. ’Survey of early metal mines within the Welsh uplands’, Archaeology in Wales 38, 79-81.

Timberlake, S. and Craddock, B. 1996. ‘Pen Cerrig-mwyn, Nantmwyn Mine’, Archaeology in Wales 36, 104-5.

Timberlake, S. and Mighall, T. 1992. ‘Historic and prehistoric mining on Copa Hill, Cwmystwyth’, Archaeology in Wales 32, 38-4.

Timberlake, S. and Switsur, R. 1988. ‘An Archaeological Investigation of Early Mine Workings on Copa Hill, Cwmystwyth: New Evidence for Prehistoric Mining’, Proceedings of the Prehistoric Society 54, 329-333.

Tucker, M.1977. ‘The system of watercourses to lead mines from the River Leri’, Ceredigion 8, 217-223.

Waller, W. 1698. Description of the mines of Cardiganshire, London.


Industrial: Mining - slate


Gwyn, D. 2002. Caring for Slate Quarries  Cadw

North, F. J. 1927. The Slates of Wales, Cardiff: National Museum of Wales.

Richards, A. J. 1998. The Slate Quarries of Pembrokeshire , Llanrwst: Gwasg Carreg Gwalch.

Tucker, G. and Tucker, M. 1979. ‘The Slate Industry of Pembrokeshire and its Borders’, in Industrial Archaeology Review 3,

Tucker, G. and Tucker, M. 1983. ‘The old slate industry of Pembrokeshire and other parts of South Wales’, Nat. Lib. Wales Jnl 23, 141-174.

Tucker, G. and Tucker, M. 1988-9. ‘Slate working in North Cardiganshire with particular reference to Cwmerau’, Ceredigion 11, 75-80.


Industrial: Lime


Davies, P. B. S. 1989. Dewisland Limekilns, Merrivale: St David’s.

Edwards, G. 1963. Dewisland Limekilns.

Manning, A. 2000. ‘The Excavation of three ‘flare’ limekilns at Glan-Ffrwd farm, Llanddarog, South-east Carmarthenshire’, Tarmac Papers 4, 49-64.

Moore-Colyer, R. J.1988. ’Of lime and men: aspects of the coastal trade in lime in south-west Wales in the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries’, Welsh Hist. Rev. 14, 54-77.

Moore-Colyer, R. J.1990. ‘Limeburning in south-west Wales’, Folklife 28, (1989-90) 19-30.

Moore-Colyer, R. J. 1992. ‘Coastal Limekilns in Southwest Wales and their conservation’, in Briggs, C. S. (ed), Welsh Industrial Heritage: A review, London: CBA Research Rep. 79, 23-39.

*Murphy and Sambrook. Unpubl report on limekilns.


Industrial: Metal Processing


Anon. c 1986 Kidwelly Tinplate Works: Amgueddfa Didiwydiannol Cydweli, Guidebook.

Dinn, J. 1988. ‘Dyfi Furnace excavations 1982-87’, Post-Medieval Archaeol. 22, 111-42.

Edwards J. (ed.) 1995. Tinopolis: Aspects of Llanelli’s Tinplate Trade , Llanelli.

Moore, S. 1992. ‘Kidwelly Tinplate Works’, in Briggs, C. S. (ed), Welsh Industrial Heritage: A review, CBA Research Rep. 79 (London), 115-17.

Rees, D. M. 1969. Mines, Mills and Furnaces, (Cardiff, Nat. Museum).

Rees, S. E.1987. Dyfi Furnace, Cardiff: Cadw (guidebook).


Industrial: Oil Refining


BP 1960. BP In Wales, London: The Baynard Press.

Gulf: c 1973. Welcome to Gulf’s  Milford Haven Refinery, [a short introduction by] Gulf Oil Refining Co. Milford Haven.

John, B. S. 1975. The Milford Haven Oil Industry, The Face of Wales Series no.1, Greencroft Books.

Watts, D. G. 1970. ‘Milford Haven and its oil industry 1958-69’, Geography 55, 64-72.


Industrial: Paper


Kennedy, R. A. 1986. Prendergast Paper Mill, Unpubl typescript, Pembrokeshire Museums.


Industrial: Quarrying


Roberts, E. A. 1979. Round and About Porthgain, Abercastle Publications.


Industrial: Textiles


Anon. Museum of the Woollen Industry Dre-fach Felindre, Defed Amgueddfa’r Disydiant Gwlan. National Museum of Wales Welsh Folding Museum pamphlet c 1975.

Crankshaw, W. P. 1927. Report on a Survey of the Welsh Textile Industry made on behalf of the University of Wales, Cardiff: University of Wales Press Board.

Jenkins, J. G.1966. ‘Pembrokeshire and the Woollen Industry,’ Pembs Hist. 2, 48-53.

Jenkins, J. G. 1969. The Welsh Woollen Industry, Cardiff: National Mus. Wales.

Maesllyn Woollen Mill (Llandysul) Guide c 1970. Not published.

Museum of the Woollen Industry, Drefach. 1980. Factory Trail, Welsh Folk Museum.


Industrial: Water Conservation - reservoirs


Pembs Water Board, 1972. Llysyfran Reservoir, Haverfordwest: Western Telegraph.


Industrial: Watermills


Anon. 1972. The Carew French Tidal Mill, Guide, Pembroke Dock.

Barber, J. 1992. ‘The Story of a Cardiganshire Water Mill’, Melin 8, 29-38.

Carew French Tidal Mill, National Park Guide 1986.

Dashwood, F.1970. The story of Blackpool Mill, Blackpool, Pembs.

Davis, P. E. 1992a. ‘Aber-arth Mill and its owners’, Ceredigion 11, 357-370.

Davis, P. E. 1992b. ‘The Development of Aberarth Mill’, Melin 8, 9-28.

Hughes, S. J. S.1992. ‘Felinhen: Archaeological Notes’, Melin 9, 37-  .

McLaren, F. and McLaren, J.1998. ‘Melin Pentre, Cwmystwyth’, Melin 14, 70-81.

McVe, J. 1998. ‘Mills in the upper Ystwyth Valley’, Melin 14, 51-69.

Nash, G.1986. ‘The Windmills of Pembrokeshire’, Melin 2, 32-  .

National Museum of Wales 1982. Melin Bompren Corn Mill at the Welsh Fold Museum, St |Fagans, Cardiff, Cardiff: Welsh Folk Museum.

Parkinson, A. J. 1987. ‘Vitruvian Mills in Cardiganshire’, Melin 3, 11-20.

Parkinson, A. J.1990. ‘Mills in Cardiganshire, Part 1’, Melin 6, 43-  .

Parkinson, A. J. 1991. ‘Mills in Cardiganshire, Part 2’, Melin 7, 39-  .

Parkinson, A. J.1995. ‘Prendergast Mills, Haverfordwest’, Melin 11, 2-7.

Watts, S. 1996. ‘The Rotary Quern in Wales: Part one’, Melin 12, 26-35.

Watts, S. 1997. ‘The Rotary Quern in Wales: Part two’, Melin 13, 47-54.

Williams-Davies, J.1993. ‘Cardiganshire Mills: Additional Notes on the Mills of the River Cwerchyr’, Melin 9, 62-  .




Anon. 1982. The Maritime Heritage of Dyfed,  Cardiff: NMW.

Campbell-Jones, S.1974-5. ‘Shipbuilding at New Quay 1779-1878’, Ceredigion 7,273-306.

Cowsill, M.1993. Ferries from Pembrokeshire, Ferry Publications (Wales), Isle of Man, UK.

DAT 1996, 1997, 1998, 1998. Coastal Erosion Surveys, Dyfed Archaeological Reports (held at Trust, RCAHMW and Cadw).

Davidson, A. (ed). 2002. The Coastal Archaeology of Wales, York: CBA Res. Rep.131.

George, B. J. 1964. ‘Pembrokeshire Sea Trading before 1900’, Field Studies 2, 1-39.

Eames, A. 1991. Shrouded Quays (The Lost Ports of Wales), Llanrwst: Gwasg Carreg Gwalch.

Gwyn, D.2002. ‘The Archaeological Resource: Chronological overview 1500 AD to Modern Times’, in Davidson, A. (ed), 65-76.

Hague, D. B. 1993. The Lighthouses of Wales: their architecture and archaeology, Aberystwyth: RCAHMW.

Jenkins, J. G. 1982. ‘The Maritime Heritage of some South Ceredigion villages’, Ceredigion 9, 111-127.

Jenkins, J. G. 1982. Maritime Heritage; the Ships and Seamen of South Ceredigion, Llandysul: Gomer.

Price, M. R. C.1982. Industrial Saundersfoot, Haverfordwest: National Park Publication.

Rees, S. E. 2003. ‘Maritime and inter-tidal archaeology’ , in Briggs, C. S. (ed),  Towards a Research Agenda for Wales: the proceedings of a WIFA conference at Aberystwyth, 31st August-2nd September 2001,  BAR 343, (Oxford) 193-200.

Stickings, T. G. 1976. The Story of Saundersfoot, (2nd ed), Haverfordwest: National park Publication.

Sutherland R. J. M. 1997. ‘Shipbuilding and the long span roof’, in Sutherland, R. J. M. (ed) Structural Iron, 1750-1850 , Aldershot.

Turner, R. C. 2002. ‘Fish Weirs and Fish Traps’, in Davidson, A. (ed), 95-107.

Western Telegraph 1988. Pembrokeshire then and now (articles on shipping, docks and railways – the end of the Cardi-bach), towns etc.


Maritime: Harbours


Hallett, G. and Randall, P. 1970.  Maritime Industry and Port Development in South Wales, Cardiff.

Howells, R. 1977. Old Saundersfoot from Monkstone to Marros, Llandysul: Gomer.

Jenkins, J. G. 1984. ‘The Port of Cardigan’, Maritime Wales 8, 76-93.

John, B. 1974. Ports and Harbours of Pembrokeshire, Pembrokeshire Handbooks/Gomer Press: Llandysul.

McKay, K. D.1986-8. The History of Milford Haven parts 1-5, Privately published.

McKay, D.1993. ‘The Port of Milford: the fishing industry’, in Howell, W. D.(ed) 39-76.

Morgan, G. 1992. North Cardiganshire Shipbuilding 1700-1880, Occas. Papers in Ceredigion History no 2. Aberystwyth: UCW Dept of Extra Mural Studies.

Millford Docks Company u. D. History of Milford Docks.

Millford Haven Conservancy Board, 1970. The Port of Millford Haven.

Pembrokeshire County Council, 1970. Pembrokeshire and the Milford Haven Waterway, Industrial Prospectus, Haverfordwest.

Peters, E. E.1905. The History of Pembroke Dock, London.

Phillips, L, 1993. ‘Pembroke Dockyard’, in Howell, D. W. (ed), Pembrokeshire County History IV, Modern Pembrokeshire , 1815-1974, Pembs Hist. Soc: Haverfordwest, 152-73.

Jenkins, D. 1998. ‘Shipping and Shipbuilding’, 182-197 in Jenkins and Jones (eds).

Raggett, P.1990. Solva, Haverfordwest.


Maritime: Islands


Kelly, E. 1931. Caldey Island, South Wales, Caldey: Printed by the Community.

Shepherd, A. U. D. A Visitor’s Guide to Caldey and St Margarets Island,  Guideline Publication.


Maritime: Wrecks


Bennett, T. 1981. Welsh Shipwrecks, vol 1 Aberdyfi-St David’s Head, Vol 2 St David’s Head-St Anne’s Head, Vol 3 Milford – Carmarthen Bay, Burgess.

Bennett, T. 1994. Shipwrecks around St David’s,  Newport: Happy Fish.

Edwards, G. 2002. ‘The Archaeology of Shipwrecks’, in Davidson, A. (ed), 87-94.

Goddard, E.(Ted) 1983. Pembrokeshire Shipwrecks, Hughes and Co.

James, T. A.1993. ‘A Carmarthen Bay Shipwreck’, Carms Antiq. 29, 93-102.

James, T. A. 1995. ‘ The Loss of the Amiable Martha off Laugharne, September 1786’, Carms Antiq. 31, 67-74.

Parry, H. 1969. Wreck and Rescue on the Coasts of Wales,  2 vols, Truro.


Transport: Air


Richards, W. L. 1965. Pembrokeshire Under Fire the story of Air raids of 1940-41, Wales: Hammond.

Tipton, J. 1986. South Western Approaches – Air Operations from Pembrokeshire in the World Wars,  Tenby Museum.


Transport: Canals


Hadfield, C. 1967. The Canals of South Wales and the Border, 2nd Ed(Newton Abbot).]


Transport: Railways


Anon. 1973. Cambrian Coast Express, Wirral Railway Circle (Oxford).

Barrie D. S. M.1980.  South Wales: A Regional History of the Railways of Great Britain vol 12, Newton Abbot.

Baughan, P. E.1980. North and Mid Wales: A Regional History of the Railways of Great Britain vol 11, Newton Abbot: David and Charles.

Bradley, A. G. 1930. Pembrokeshire and South West Wales, Great Western Railway

Brooks, J. u. D. The Vale of Rheidol Railway, British Rail.

Cozens, L. 1950. The Vale of Rheidol Railway.

Cozens, L. 1955. Plinlimmon and Hafan Railway.

Davies, W. J. K. 1978. Vale of Rheidol Light Railway, London: Ian Allan and British Railways.

Green, C. C. 1986. The Vale of Rheidol Light Railway, Didcot: Wild Swan Publications Ltd.

Jermy, R. C. 1986. Railways of Porthgain and Abereiddi, Oakwood Press.

Morris, J. P. 1969. The North Pembrokeshire and Fishguard Railway, Lingfield: Oakford Press.

Morris, J. 1981. The Railways of Pembrokeshire, Five Arches.

Padfield, R and Burgess, B. 1974. The Teifi Valley Railway. Ludlow: Burgess.

Price, M. R. C. 1964. The Saundersfoot Railway, Lingfield: Oakford Press.

Price, M. R. C. 1976. The Pembroke and Tenby Railway, Oakwood.

Price M. R. C. 1976. The Whitland and Cardigan Railway, Oakwood.

Rogers, J. D. 1972. Rheilfordd y Cambrian: The Cambrian Line, Alexandria: Famedram Publications.

Sprinks, N. 1987. Railways of Central and West Wazles. British Rail.

Troughton, W. 1991. Aberystwyth and District and the Vale of Rheidol Railway: A Portrait in old Picture Postcards, Market Drayton, S. B. Publications.

Wade, E. A. 1976. Plinlimmon and Hafan Tramway, Gemini.


Transport: Roads (see also under Agriculture, Drovers)


Moore-Colyer, R. J. 1984. Roads and Trackways of Wales, Moorland Publications.

Toulson, S. and Godwin, F. 1977. The Drovers’ Roads of Wales, Wildwood House.


Urban Studies


Arber-Cooke, A. T. 1975, 1976. Pages from the History of Llandovery. Friends of Llandovery Civic Trust Association.

Brown, J. (rev. Phillips, J. W and Warren  F. J.) 1914. The History of Haverfordwest with that of some Pembrokeshire Parishes.

Cardigan and Tivy-side Advertiser 1991. ‘Those were the days’: A History of Cardigan, the locality and its people, Cardigan: Advertiser Office.

Carter, H. 1955. ‘Urban grades and spheres of influence in South-West Wales’, Scot. Geog. Mag. 71, 43-58.

Edwards, N. (ed) 1997. Landscape and settlement in Medieval Wales, Oxbow: Oxford.

James, G. D. 1957. The Town and Country of Haverfordwest and its story, Haverfordwest. Haverfordwest: J. W. Hammond and Co.

Griffiths, J. E. 1970. ‘The Architecture of Aberaeron’, Ceredigion 6, 295-8.

Jones, I. G. 1977 Aberystwyth 1277-1977, Llandysul, Gomer.

Lewis, C. R.1993. ‘The Towns of Pembrokeshire’ 1815-1974’ in Howell, D. W. (ed) 39-76.

Lewis, C. R. and Wheatley, S. E. 1998. ‘The Towns of Cardiganshire, 1800-1995’, 212-132 in Jenkins and Jones (eds).

Lewis, W. J.1984. Aberaeron, Aberystwyth: Cambrian News.

Lewis, W. J. 1990.  Born on a Perilous Rock, Aberystwyth: Cambrian News.

Lewis, W. J. u. D. Newquay and Llanarth, Aberystwyth: Cambrian News.

Llandovery: The Friends of Llandovery Civic Trust Association 1995. Llandovery and its environs: A Miscellany - and English version of the Welsh portions of the Volume. Llandovery.

Lodwick, J. and Lodwick, V. 1953/1972. Malcolm and Edith Lodwick’s Story of Carmarthen, Carmarthen: Lodwick and Sons.

Miles, D. 1998. The Ancient Borough of Newport in Pembrokeshire, (2nd ed), Cemais Publications: Haverfordwest.

Miles, D. (ed) 1999. A History of the Town and County of Haverfordwest, Llandysul.

Murphy, K. 1995. ‘The castle and borough of Wiston, Pembrokeshire’,  Archaeol. Cambrensis 144, 71-102.

Murphy, K. 1997. ‘Small boroughs in southwest Wales: their planning, early development and defences’, in Edwards, N. (ed), 1997, 139-156.

Phythian-Adams, H. 1979. ‘The Planning of Aberaeron’, Ceredigion 8, 404-7.

Rees, J. F. 1954. The Story of Milford, Cardiff.

Roderick, A. and Davies, E. 1994. Llambed Ddoe: Lampeter Yesterday, Llandysul: Gomer.

Soulsby, I. 1983. The Towns of Medieval Wales, Chichester.

Tipton, T.1987. Fair and Fashionable Tenby, Tenby Museum.


Village Studies


Jones, F. 1986. Llangunnor, Dyfed, Cultural Services Dept.

Lloyd, D. W.1971. Old Llechryd, E. L. Jones, Printers: Cardigan.

Middleton, G. W.1977. The Streets of St David’s, St David’s Civic Society: Yr Oriel Fach Press.

Miles, D.1998. A Book on Nevern, Gomer Press: Llandyssul.

Morgan, W. R. 1980. The Story of Begelly, Llandysul, Gomer.

Nicolle, G. 1982. Rosemarket: A Village Beyond Wales, Dyfed Cultural Services Dept.

Roberts, G. M. 1939. Hanes Plwyf Llandybie, Cardiff, U. W. P.

Warburton, F. W.1944. The History of Solva.


Racecourses (horses)


Murphy, K. 1992. ‘Plas Gogerddan, Dyfed: a multi-period burial and ritual site’, Archaeol. Jnl 149, 1-38.


Racecourses (vehicular traffic) excavation of racing car


Berresford, M. 1985. Parry Thomas and Pendine, (Connor and Butler, Colchester: on behalf of The Pendine Community Council).

Tours, H.   Parry Thomas Designer Driver, (Batsford).





Aerial Photography


Driver, T. G. 2003. ‘Archaeological aerial reconnaissance in Wales – A strategy for the future’,  in Briggs, C. S. (ed),  Towards a Research Agenda for Wales: the proceedings of a WIFA conference at Aberystwyth, 31st August-2nd September 2001,  BAR 343, (Oxford),187-192.

Howe, T. N. 1970. Wales from the Air, Cardiff.

John, B. S. 1972. The Fishguard and Pembroke Area, British Landscape Through Maps 16, Geographical Assoc.

Musson, C. R. 1995. Wales from the Air: Patterns of Past and Present, Aberystwyth: RCAHMW.

Williams, M. 1974. Wales: A Study from the Air, London.




Driver, T. G. 2004. Pembrokeshire from the Air (provisional title), Aberystwyth: RCAHMW.


Artefact Studies


Knight, J. 1970. ‘Some Late Medieval Pottery from St Dogmaels Abbey, Pembrokeshire’, Archaeol. Cambrensis

Papazian, C. and Campbell, E. (eds) 1992. ‘Medieval and Later Pottery in Wales’, Bulletin of the Welsh Medieval Pottery Research Group 13.




Butler, S. 1984. ‘Preliminary investigation of the Pollen record from Talley Lakes', Carms Antiq. 20, 3-14.

Caseldine, A. E.1990. Environmental Archaeology in Wales, University College of St

David’s: Lampeter.

Caseldine, A. E. 2003. ‘An Agenda for Palaeoenvironmental work’, in Briggs, C. S. (ed),  Towards a Research Agenda for Wales: the proceedings of a WIFA conference at Aberystwyth, 31st August-2nd September 2001,  BAR 343, (Oxford), 71-78.

Hyde, H. A. and Harrison, S. G. 1977. Welsh Timber Trees: Native and Introduced, (Cardiff: The National Museum of Wales).

Linnard, W. 2000. Welsh Woods and Forests, Gomer: Llandysul.

Murphy, K. et al, 1989. ‘Analyses of a cesspit fill from the Tudor Merchant’s House, Tenby, Dyfed’, Bull. Board Celtic Studs 36, 246-62.

Mighall, T.1990. ‘Copa Hill, Cwmystwyth: Preliminary Palaeoecological Observations’, in Crewe, P. and S. (eds) Early Mining in the British Isles, (Blaenau Ffestiniog: Plas Tan y Bwlch Snowdonia National Park Study Centre, Occasional Paper No.) 65-6.

Murphy, P. L. and Wiltshire, P. E. J.(1994). A Guide to sampling archaeological deposits for environmental analysis, (Unpubl. notes for circulation to English Heritage contractors: August 1994).

Rees, S. E. 1997. ‘The Historical and cultural importance of ponds and small lakes in Wales, U. K. ‘, Aquatic Conservation Marine and Freshwater Ecosystems 7, 133-9.

Suggett, R. F. 2003. ‘Frameworks for Dendrochronology’, in Briggs, C. S. (ed),  Towards a Research Agenda for Wales: the proceedings of a WIFA conference at Aberystwyth, 31st August-2nd September 2001,  BAR (Oxford), 153-170.


The Use of Radiocarbon Dating


Briggs, C. S. 2003. ‘A Strategy for Raw Materials in Welsh Archaeology’,  in Briggs, C. S. (ed),  Towards a Research Agenda for Wales: the proceedings of a WIFA conference at Aberystwyth, 31st August-2nd September 2001,  BAR 343, (Oxford), 201-212.

Lewis, J. M. 1976. ‘A modern C-14 date from Rhos-y-Clegyrn’, Archaeol. Cambrensis, 125, 162.


Methods of Reconnaissance


Gater, J. 1991. Report on Geophysical Survey: Aberglasney, Dyfed, Geophysical Surveys of Bradford, May 1991, for the Welsh Historic Gardens Trust.

Jordan, D. 1998. Coedcanlas. Unpubl geophysical survey.




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