A Research Framework for the Archaeology of Wales

Southwest Wales – Roman, key sites

22/12/2003

 

 

Forts

 

Capel Bangor

Excavations in fort.

Davies 1986b

 

Carmarthen

Excavations in fort.

James 1992, forthcoming

 

Pumsaint

Excavations in and around the fort. Environmental evidence: plant macrofossils; charcoal; soil studies.

Burnham and Burnham 1986, 1990a, 1990b, 1997; Jones and Little 1973, 1974

 

Llandovery

Excavations in fort.

Jarrett 1962, 1963, 1970

 

Trawscoed

Excavation in the fort.

Davies 1984,1985, 1986a, 1987, 1988

 

 

Towns

 

Carmarthen

Extensive excavations in the Roman town. Large assemblage of artefacts. Environmental evidence: charcoal.

James 1978, 1992a; 2000, forthcoming; Jones 1969, 1970

 

Carmarthen Amphitheatre

Excavations

Little 1971

 

 

Rural settlement

 

Castle Flemish

Small scale excavations in a rectilinear enclosure.

Wheeler 1923

 

Castell Henllys

Full excavation of a small hillfort., with RB occupation in annexe.

Mytum 1989, 1991, 1996

 

Coygan Camp

Excavations in small hillfort with Roman occupation

Wainwright 1967

 

Cwmbrwyn

Excavation of small defended enclosure with Roman rectangular stone building.

Ward 1907

 

Gateholm Island, Pembrokeshire

Small-scale excavation and survey indicate Roman occupation

Davies, Hague and Hogg 1971; Lethbridge and David 1930

 

Llawhaden group of small defended enclosures

Romano-British occupation at Dan-y-Coed, Woodside and Drim

Williams and Mytum 1998

 

Llys Brychan

Excavations on a Roman villa

Jarrett 1961

 

Penycoed

Complete excavation of a small defended enclosure/farmstead with RB occupation.

Murphy 1985

 

Porth y Rhaw

Partial excavation of a coastal promontory fort with RB occupation

Crane forthcoming

 

Trelissey

Small-scale excavation of a defended enclosure. with RB stone-built rectangular building.

Thomas and Walker 1959

 

Walesland Rath

Complete excavation of a defended enclosure with RB occupation.

Wainwright 1971b

 

 

Resources

 

Dolaucothi Gold Mine

Austin and Burnham 1984; Burnham 1990, 1997; Burnham and Burnham 1987; Boon and Williams 1966

 

Survey and small-excavation of Annell leat and the Gwenlais leat

Environmental evidence: pollen. Radiocarbon dates.

Bick 1995; Burnham and Burnham 1993; Burnham, Burnham and Walker 1992; Jones, Blakey and MacPherson 1960; Jones and Maude 1990

 

 

Roads

 

Roman road in the Tywi valley

Report on aerial survey.

James and James 1984: James 1991

 

Road west of Carmarthen

Survey, aerial photo survey and excavation at Whitland and Bryn Farm, supported by radiocarbon dates. Environmental evidence: plant macrofossils; pollen; wood; dendrochronology; insects.

James Murphy and Page 2002

 

 

Burials

 

Allt-y Cnap, Johnston, Carmarthen

Recently discovered in-urned cremation with grave goods – not yet published.

 

Park Hall, Carmarthen

In-urned cremation, plus other possible burials.

Crane 2001

 

Penbryn, Ceredigion

2 burials, including in-urned cremation

Davies 1994

 

Other key Romano-British texts

Davies 1994; Arnold and Davies 2000

 

 

 

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