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Historic Landscape Characterisation

Mynydd Hiraethog:
Published sources

Allen, D, 1979. 1979. ‘Excavations at Hafod y Nant Criafolen, Brenig Valley, Clwyd, 1973-74’, Post-Medieval Archaeology 13, 1-59,

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Berry, A Q & Gale, F, 1996. ‘Framing the landscape’, in A Q Berry, F Gale, J L Daniels & B Allmark (eds), Fenn’s and Whixall Mosses Clwyd County Council.o:p>

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Davies, E, 1973-6. ‘Hendre and hafod in Merioneth’, Transactions of the Merioneth Historical Research Society 7, 13-27.

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Davies, W, 1810. General Views of the Agriculture and Domestic Economy of North Wales, London.

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Dodd, A H, 1925. ‘The roads of North Wales, 1750-1850’, Archaeologia Cambrensis 80, 121-48.

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Dyer, C, 1995. ‘Sheepcotes: evidence for medieval sheepfarming’, Medieval Archaeology 39, 136-64.

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Fisher, J, 1915. ‘Wales in the time of Queen Elizabeth: de Presenti Statu Totius Walliae’, Archaeologia Cambrensis 15, 236-48.

Gardner, W, 1913. ‘Excavation of Tumuli, Eglwysbach’, Archaeologia Cambrensis, 163, 17-37.

Gresham, C A, 1939. ‘The Aberconwy Charter’, Archaeologia Cambrensis 94, 123-62.

Gresham, C, Hemp, W J & Thompson, F H, 1959. ‘Hen Ddinbych’, Archaeologia Cambrensis 108,72-80.

Hankinson, R, 1994. Pentrefoelas Windfarm, Clwyd: Archaeological Evaluation, CPAT Report 102.

Hankinson, R, 1995. Pentrefoelas Windfarm, Clwyd: Archaeological Evaluation, CPAT Report 157.

Hankinson, R, 1997. The Proposed Pentrefoelas Windfarm: Archaeological Assessment, CPAT Report 249.

Hays, R W, 1963. The History of the Abbey of Aberconway 1186-1537, Cardiff.

Hollett, D, 2000. The Clwydian Way, The Ramblers’ Association.

Hubbard, E, 1986. The Buildings of Wales: Clwyd (Denbighshire and Flintshire), Penguin Books/University of Wales Press.

Jenkins, D A, 1991. ‘The Environment: Past & Present’, in Manley et al. 1991, 13-25.

Jones, E G & Davies, J C (eds),1954. Records of the Court of Augmentations relating to Wales and Monouthshire, Cardiff.

Jones, G R J, 1991. ‘Medieval settlement’ in J. Manley et al. (eds), The Archaeology of Clwyd, Mold.

Jones, R G, 1966. ‘Y Cwlwm sy’n Creu’, Transactions of the Denbighshire Historical Society, 15.

Kay, G, 1794. General View of the Agriculture of Denbighshire, London.

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Lynch, F M, 1984. ‘Cairns on Tir Mostyn, Nantglyn’, Transactions of the Denbighshire Historical Society 33, 93-104.

Lynch, F, 1991. ‘The Bronze Age’, in Manley et al. 1991, 65-81.

Lynch, F M, 1993. Excavations at the Brenig Valley. A Mesolithic and Bronze Age Landscape in North Wales. Cambrian Archaeological Monographs No. 5.

Lynch, F, Aldhouse-Green, S, & Davies, J L, 2000. Prehistoric Wales, Stroud.

Manley, J, 1990. ‘A late Bronze Age landscape on the Denbigh Moors, northeast, Wales, Antiquity 64, 514-26.

Manley, J, 1991a. ‘A late Bronze Age landscape on the Denbigh Moors, north-east Wales’, Denbighshire Historical Society Transactions 40, 61-92.

Manley, J, 1991b. ‘Small Settlements’, in Manley et al. 1991, 97-116.

Manley, J, Grenter, S, and Gale, F, The Archaeology of Clwyd, Clwyd County Council 1991.

Margary, H, 1992. The Old Series Ordnance Survey Maps of England and Wales. Vol. 6 (Wales), Lympne.

Musson, C R, 1994. Wales from the Air: Patterns of Past and Present, RCHAMW, Aberystwyth.

Ordnance Survey/ADAS 1972. Agricultural Land Classification of England and Wales, 1:50,000, Sheet 117.

Osley, N J, 1996. ‘A Preliminary Study of Land Use Change on Mynydd Hiraethog 1820-1922’, CCW unpublished report.

Owen, D H, 1974. ‘The Englishry of Denbigh and English colony in medieval Wales’, Y Cymmrodor, 57-76.

Owen, D H, 1989. ‘The Middle Ages’, in D H Owen (ed.), Settlement and Society in Wales, Cardiff.

Owen, W G, & Silvester, R J, 1993. The Mynydd Hiraethog Survey, Clwyd, CPAT Report 64.

Peate, I C, 1940. The Welsh House, Cardiff.

Pennant, T, 1784. A Tour in Wales, vol. 2, London.

RCAHM 1914. Inventory of the Ancient Monuments of Wales and Monmouth: County of Denbighshire. London.

Rees, W, 1972. An Historical Atlas of Wales from Early to Modern Times, 2nd edn, London.

Richards, A J, 1991. A Gazeteer of the Welsh Slate Industry, Llanrwst.

Richards, M, 1969. Welsh Administrative and Territorial Units: Medieval and Modern, Cardiff, University of Wales Press.

Sayce, R U, 1956. ‘The old summer pastures. Part II. Life at the hafodydd’, Montgomeryshire Collections 55, 37-86.

Silvester, R J, 1998. Deserted Medieval and Later Rural Settlements in Eastern Conwy, Denbighshire and Montgomeryshire, CPAT Report 251.

Silvester, R J, forthcoming. ‘Deserted Rural Settlements in central and north-east Wales’

Smith, J B, 1998. Llywelyn ap Gruffudd: Prince of Wales, University of Wales Press, Cardiff.

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Skuse, M, 2001. ‘Hiraethog’, Rural Wales, Summer 2001, 10-11.

Stanley, W O & Way, A, 1868. ‘Ancient interments and sepulchral urns found in Anglesey and North Wales’, Archaeologia Cambrensis 14, 217-93.

Taylor, J A (ed) 1980. Cuture and Environment in Prehistoric Wales, British Archaeological Report 76, Oxford.

Thomas, C, 1957. ‘Some enclosure patterns in central Wales: a study in landscape modification’, Geography 42, 25-36.

Thomas, C, 1972-74. ‘Place-name analysis in the geopgraphcal study of the rural landscape of Wales’, Studia Celtica 8-9, 299-318.

Thomas, D, 1963. Agriculture in Wales During the Napoleonic Wars: A Study in the Geographical Interpretation of Historical Sources, University of Wales Press, Cardiff.

Vinogradoff, P & Morgan, F (eds), Survey of the Honour of Denbigh 1334, London, 1914

Warren, P T, Price, D, Nutt, M J C & Smith, E G, 1984. Geology of the country around Rhyl and Denbigh, British Geological Survey Memoire for 1:50,000 geological sheets 95 and 107, HMSO.

Wiliam, E, 1986. The Historical Farm Buildings of Wales, Edinburgh.

Williams, D H, 1984. The Welsh Cistercians, Caldey Island.








For further information please contact the Clwyd-Powys Archaeological Trust at this address, or link to the Countryside Council for Wales' web site at

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